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Indonesia's ambassador to Australia, Nadjib Riphat Kesoema, recalled to Jakarta

Andrew Wilkie is speaking more about the allegations he has tabled in the parliament this morning, regarding Crown casino. But Wilkie, a whistleblower himself, says he is also not going to do anything which could identify the group which have come forward to him.

The federal government because some of the allegations would involve breaches of federal law, and obviously the Victorian government because the allegations, if true, would indicate breaches of Victorian law. It is not an easy road, whistleblowing in this country, but I can reassure the media, that although their identity is concealed, that I have confirmed their identity and although I cannot make any comment about the accuracy or not of their allegations, I do know that these are three people who we should listen to, and we should take their allegations very serious.

Meanwhile Pictures Of Pokies Australian Embassy Indonesia can play our own interactive pokie machine to find out just how addictive they are:. Labor is still examining the policy, but they are certainly no fans of the process. What we saw yesterday was Turnbull energy policy The latest attempt, as they go from crisis to crisis with an energy policy.

What is particularly concerning is the lack of modelling which goes with this policy. Particularly scary is the fact that the treasurer said this morning the Labor party has all the information that the government has.

Well, I tell you what, that means the government has no information, no modelling at their disposal. This is not the fault of the Energy Security Board. They have been given an unrealistic timetable and unrealistic task by the government, again which has been driven by the rival factional and liberal politics of the party room, not by good policy. The Labor party has been offering bipartisan support to the government for months for a proper energy policy, but we are all of a sudden expected to think that this latest thought bubble from the government which we were told last week they had a Skater Pokies N Nips plan, the week before that a different plan and all of a sudden this is the one that the Labor party should automatically back without the modelling and research.

The Labor party will continue to be the adults in the room in this conversation. The government is still hoping for bipartisan support, to help give business and industry some certainty that the policy would survive beyond the next few minutes.

It would also help bring the Labor states on board, which would be the easiest way for the government to get this all happening. It seems that whatever political goodwill there was regarding this, is evaporating quite rapidly. You kept Julie Bishop — Julie Bishop is here — you were part of our close personal protection team in Afghanistan years ago, not long before you suffered your injuries in the Black Hawk crash.

And you kept us safe. You put your life on the line with your comrades to keep us safe there Pictures Of Pokies Australian Embassy Indonesia you all do and have done every day. I reject a day or even an hour of sentence because I'm innocent and I wasn't involved in this. It described the events leading up the attack.

He enlisted the help of Irun Hidayat in both tasks. From then until 17 August, frantic activity moving the principals, purchasing additional materials for the bombs and raising funds — alternated with lulls, when the operatives went to Internet cafes to pass the time.

When Heri said he was ready, he moved into the house where Noordin and Azhari were and slept in their room at night, so they could give him additional religious counselling. On 23 August, Rois started to teach Heri Golun how to drive, and on 9 September, the new driver blew himself in front of the Australian embassy. In MarchPokies Big Gigantic Brighter Hidayat was charged with being an accessory by giving money to one of the bombing's perpetrators and providing housing after the attack for Azahari and Noordin.

Hidayat was the first man to stand trial related to the embassy bombing. Irun Hidayat was also a central figure. He became a close friend of Rois, and the two went to Ambon in January Irun became a martial arts instructor in the military training sessions run by Kang Jaja and Rois. He was to call on a fellow unionist to put up the bombers the night before they struck the embassy.

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When Heri said he was ready, he moved into the house where Noordin and Azhari were and slept in their room at night, so they could give him additional religious counselling. While were all that excludes Australia, Just because a gaming venue is based online, it doesnt mean the vendor is free to operate. The following countries and territories allow visafree access to Philippine passport holders Australia, Canada, Japan, New the Philippines.

Agus Ahmad was also captured and put on trial. He helped one of the core bombers, "Rios", scout for safe houses and transported around 70 kilograms of highly explosive TNT. Arrests in July near the city of Solo forced Azahari and Noordin to change their base of operations. Agus used a Daihatsu van to move the explosives to his own house in Cianjurnear Jakarta.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Indonesia portal Australia portal Terrorism portal s portal. Retrieved 21 March

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  1. Explore Australian Embassy Jakarta's photos on Flickr!Missing: pokies.:
    Address. Jalan Patra Kuningan Raya Kav. Jakarta Selatan Indonesia. Telephone. +62 21 Fax. +62 21 E-mail address. General Enquiries: public-affairs-jakt@coinsluckyz.com · Visas and Migration email form; Consular Services: coinsluckyz.coma@coinsluckyz.com; Study in Australia:  Missing: pokies. Australia's national disability advocate is visiting Jakarta to share Australia's experience in fostering a society in which people with disabilities can take an active role and reach their potential. Humanitarian Assistance to Indonesia The Australian Government will provide humanitarian support for communities affected by  Missing: pokies. Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and President Joko Widodo revive bilateral ties in In the wake of Indonesia's abrupt suspension of military ties with Australia, the relationship between the two countries is once again under strain. Over the years, the execution of Australian.
  2. Indonesian foreign minister Retno Marsudi is expected to raise the issue of refugee intake when she meets her Australian counterpart Julie Bishop.:
    Indonesian President Joko Widodo plans to visit Australia at the end of this month, with outgoing ambassador Najib Riphat Kesoema asked to stay on for the trip. A attack on the Australian embassy in Jakarta by Jemaah Islamiyah resulted in the deaths of nine Indonesians. The following year, Indonesian diplomatic and consular premises in Australia received a number of hoax and threat messages. Since then, both the United States and Australian governments have issued.
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If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. These are external links and will open in a new window. Indonesian foreign minister Retno Marsudi is expected to raise the issue of refugee intake when she meets her Australian counterpart Julie Bishop. Ms Bishop is on an official visit to Indonesia from Sunday to Wednesday.

In an interview with Fairfax, Indonesia's Retno Marsudi also urged other nations to take more refugees. No asylum seekers are allowed to reach Australia's territories by boat and those that do so are often turned back to Indonesia.

Asylum seekers often pay large sums to smugglers to travel to Australia by boat from Indonesia and hundreds have died making the dangerous journey. Unprecedented disciplinary measures are taken as the EU says the reforms threaten the rule of law. A transport safety partnership between the two countries was established in , and expanded in December The partnership covers air, sea, rail and road transport, providing for up to 27, seats between Indonesia and Australia's main airports each week.

Public opinion polls conducted by the Lowy Institute , an Australian foreign relations think tank, found that Australians rated their views towards Indonesia as 54 degrees, on a scale between 0 and degrees ranging from 'very unfavourable' to 'very warm'.

This polling also found that in , just under a third of Indonesians saw Australia as a potential threat to their country. Polling conducted in also indicated that, in general, Australians agreed that "Indonesia is essentially controlled by the military" and that it represents a "dangerous source of Islamic terrorism". In October , the relationship between the two nations was strained due to allegations of spying.

The proportion of Australian voters naming Indonesia as a security threat reached one in five after the Santa Cruz massacre in , subsequently increasing to three in ten following the crisis in East Timor. In all surveyed periods, Indonesia was identified as Australia's foremost security threat. In his speech to Australian parliament, President Yudhoyono described the perception of Indonesia as a military threat as a "preposterous mental caricature".

The issue of people smuggling and the movement of asylum seekers through Indonesia has attracted significant attention in the Australian media, particularly following the Tampa affair and the subsequent introduction of the " Pacific Solution " under the Howard government. In , the Bali Process was established to provide a framework for negotiations and to improve cooperation on the issue.

Laws criminalising people smuggling were passed by the Indonesian parliament in , and impose penalties of between five and 15 years in prison for those convicted. The laws include penalties for corrupt officials, and for failing to report officials, smugglers and asylum seekers guilty of immigration violations. Australia officially recognises Indonesian sovereignty over the West Papua region , a position which is recognised in the Lombok Treaty.

Some members of the Australian parliament, however, from the Labor , Greens and Liberal parties have expressed concerns over potential human rights breaches, and the lack of access for journalists and observers. In , Australia's decision to grant temporary protection visas to 42 West Papuan asylum seekers who said they were being threatened by the Indonesian military, prompted Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to recall Indonesia's ambassador to Australia.

The incident led to a "war of cartoons" between the two countries, after The Australian newspaper published a Bill Leak cartoon depicting the president as a dog mounting a Papuan, which prompted Indonesian student activists to demand an end to ties with Australia.

In , five Australian citizens were detained by local authorities for attempting to enter the West Papuan town of Merauke without visas. This decision was appealed in Indonesia's Supreme Court and subsequently rejected in June Some , cattle are exported from Australia each year, the vast majority to Indonesia, and the meat and livestock industry feared that rural livelihoods could be destroyed if a blanket ban came into effect.

Indonesian officials blamed local abattoirs for not meeting the halal standards, which fuelled the debate about self independence. Indonesia responded to the ban by imposing quotas, seeking to punish the Australian government, but primarily impacting the rural economy.

Eventually, Australia and Indonesia managed to normalise relations, boosting hopes for the future. In November , the Australian spying scandal on Indonesia prompted the Indonesian government to review its trade policy with Australia, including the live cattle trade.

If it was revised, Indonesia could import cattle from other countries, except those not free from cattle mouth and feet disease, such as India. Australia last carried out a death sentence in February and abolition of the death penalty occurred as early as in the state of Queensland , with final abolishment in all jurisdictions by The death penalty in Indonesia has been permitted for the entire history of the Republic of Indonesia, but no Australian citizen had been subject to it prior to The Australia-Indonesia Extradition Treaty agreed upon in precludes any extradition which might enable the death penalty to be carried out in either country.

The case of the Bali Nine Australian heroin traffickers convicted in Indonesia in resulted in six death sentences being imposed either at trial or on appeal. Four of these were struck down on further appeal. In January , Indonesian President Joko Widodo refused to grant clemency for Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran , the two remaining Australians facing death sentences after their convictions as the orchestrators of the enterprise.

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott recalled the Australian Ambassador to Indonesia and suspended ministerial contact for about six weeks. A maritime boundary exists between Australia and Indonesia, and both countries have been concerned to definitively delimit that boundary for the purpose of protecting fisheries from encroachment, [] and determining the limits of responsibility for vessels found in that area.

In response to the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami , which resulted in widespread damage across northern Sumatra and Aceh , more than Australian military personnel were sent to provide humanitarian aid in the area. The Lombok Treaty, a bilateral security agreement, was signed by Indonesia's foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda and his Australian counterpart, Alexander Downer , in The treaty commits both countries to cooperate and consult in the fields of defence and defence technology, law enforcement and combating transnational crime, counter-terrorism, and intelligence-sharing, as well as maritime and aviation security.

The same year, Indonesia accepted a gift of four Australian C Hercules aircraft, a contribution intended to support humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations within Indonesia.

The two countries have maintained diplomatic relations since the Netherlands' recognition of Indonesian sovereignty in Mr Soedhoro August , Mr R. Indonesia's current ambassador to Australia, Kristiarto Legowo, took up his post in Canberra in mid Australia's largest foreign mission is its embassy in Jakarta, and there is also an Australian consulate in Denpasar , Bali.

Australia and Indonesia participate in the following multilateral organisations:. In , more than 17, Indonesian students were enrolled in Australian schools, universities, and VET courses , the majority of whom were studying management, commerce, social sciences and hospitality.

In , Australian students studied at Indonesian universities, a quarter of whom undertook semester-long programs.

Indonesian language classes are taught in many Australia schools and universities. Between and , funding provided by the Keating and Howard governments through the National Asian Languages and Studies in Australian Schools Strategy doubled Indonesian language enrolments in schools and universities.

Since , however, enrolments have continued to decline. Indonesian, Mandarin, Hindi and Japanese. Radio Australia , a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation , produces Indonesian language programming broadcast on shortwave radio , by satellite, and online from studios in Southbank , Melbourne. In , the potential closure of the station's shortwave broadcasts to Indonesia was flagged as a result of high costs and the growing popularity of news coverage online and through social media.

The Year of Living Dangerously , a novel by Christopher Koch , described the experiences of an Australian journalist covering the 30 September Movement in According to a Australian coronial enquiry, the journalists had been deliberately shot by members of the Indonesian special forces.

The ban continued until , when the Australian Associated Press was again permitted a resident correspondent in Jakarta. David Jenkins , a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald , was expelled from Indonesia in following the publication of an article on corruption in Suharto's immediate family. With the exception of participation in the Arafura Games , sporting ties between the two nations are insignificant. No Indonesian athlete or sporting team has achieved a high profile by visiting Australia.

Popular Australian sports such as rugby , cricket , Australian rules football , swimming and netball raise little interest in Indonesia.

Both countries maintain professional Football soccer leagues: Liga Indonesia and A-league. The Australia Indonesia Institute, part of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade , funds a number of programs designed to improve people-to-people links between young people, including the Australia Indonesia Youth Exchange Program and the Muslim Exchange Program.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australia—Indonesia relations Australia Indonesia Australia—Indonesia relations refers to the foreign relations between Australia and one of its few neighboring countries, Indonesia. Makassan contact with Australia. Military history of Australia during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. Capital punishment in Australia and Capital punishment in Indonesia. List of Indonesian ambassadors to Australia.

List of Australian ambassadors to Indonesia. The Transfer Of Sovereignty: Minister for Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 11 May The Voyage to Marege': Macassan Trepangers in Northern Australia.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 15 May Archived from the original PDF on 15 April Indigenous Muslims in Australia. Retrieved 28 April The Robert Menzies Collection: Retrieved 16 December Australian involvement in South-East Asian Conflicts. Department of Veterans' Affairs.

Retrieved 8 May Indonesian defence analyst Natalie Sambhi said there was a sense from the Indonesian side that the investigation had taken too long. She said she had also been asked whether any Indonesian officials had taken part in the investigation. Firstly, that an adequate explanation was given of the context in which the allegedly offensive material had been used at the army base. And thirdly, that there would be a normalisation of the relationship between the Australian Defence Forces and Kopassus, the Indonesian Army Special Forces group.

There have been two incidents in Australia relating to West Papua in the wake of the defence fracas. A protester was charged with trespassing on the Indonesian consulate-general in Melbourne on January 30, three days after Indonesia criticised Australia for failing to arrest anyone over the security breach.

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We and our partners also use cookies to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. These are external links and will open in a new window.

In the wake of Indonesia's abrupt suspension of military ties with Australia, the relationship between the two countries is once again under strain. Over the years, the execution of Australian drug traffickers, territorial breaches of Indonesian waters by the Australian Navy, spying revelations and the cruel treatment by Indonesia of live cattle imported from Australia have hit the headlines in both countries.

But a closer look at the links between Indonesia and Australia tells a more complicated story - one involving billions of dollars worth of two-way trade and tourism, co-operation on counter-terrorism and people smuggling, and strong educational and cultural links.

For all the political bluster emanating from Canberra and Jakarta, the two countries need each other. With a population of million to Australia's The relationship reached a low point around East Timor independence, so it is no surprise West Papua seems to be at the centre of friction this week. Some within Indonesia have clearly been stung by the Australian army "teaching materials", which reportedly said West Papua was part of Melanesia and should have independence.

When asked about West Papua on Thursday, Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne was quick to say her nation recognised "Indonesia's sovereignty and territorial integrity".

The matter of territory also caused hostility in , when Indonesia demanded Australia cease naval incursions into its waters. Australia admitted it had entered Indonesian waters "on several occasions" while combating people smugglers. It sent a formal apology to Jakarta. The nations' militaries began working together more closely in the wake of the Bali bombings, which killed people including 88 Australians, and the bombing of the Australian embassy in Jakarta.

Defence exchanges, which stopped during the East Timor conflict, commenced again. In December , Indonesian police arrested nine people over an alleged terror threat after a tip-off that reportedly came from Australian Federal Police. The countries signed an anti-terror memorandum of understanding the same month. In August last year, one expert rated the nations' sharing of intelligence on counter-terrorism funding as among the best in the world. The Indonesian island of Bali is a major tourist destination for Australians, with as many as one million visiting the island every year, according to the Bali Tourism Board.

However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. These are external links and will open in a new window. Indonesian foreign minister Retno Marsudi is expected to raise the issue of refugee intake when she meets her Australian counterpart Julie Bishop. Ms Bishop is on an official visit to Indonesia from Sunday to Wednesday. In an interview with Fairfax, Indonesia's Retno Marsudi also urged other nations to take more refugees.

No asylum seekers are allowed to reach Australia's territories by boat and those that do so are often turned back to Indonesia. Asylum seekers often pay large sums to smugglers to travel to Australia by boat from Indonesia and hundreds have died making the dangerous journey.

Unprecedented disciplinary measures are taken as the EU says the reforms threaten the rule of law. Continue Change settings Find out more. Indonesia 'will ask Australia to take more refugees' 20 March Reports say Jakarta wants Australia to increase its asylum-seeker resettlement quota. Related Topics Refugees and asylum seekers Indonesia Australia. More on this story. Refugees give up on Cambodia and return to Iran.

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Defence exchanges, which stopped during the East Timor conflict, commenced again. In December , Indonesian police arrested nine people over an alleged terror threat after a tip-off that reportedly came from Australian Federal Police. The countries signed an anti-terror memorandum of understanding the same month. In August last year, one expert rated the nations' sharing of intelligence on counter-terrorism funding as among the best in the world. The Indonesian island of Bali is a major tourist destination for Australians, with as many as one million visiting the island every year, according to the Bali Tourism Board.

It is not a two-way trade but Indonesia's growing middle class of about 50 million people represents a major opportunity for Australian tourism. Although Australia's brief suspension of live cattle exports to Indonesia in garnered much attention, Indonesia remains Australia's 12th-largest trade partner.

Relations became strained in April when Indonesian President Joko Widodo ignored pleas from Australia to grant clemency to convicted drug traffickers Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, who were then executed.

But a successful visit by Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to Jakarta later that year was viewed as thawing of tensions. Former President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited Australia four times during his presidency, more than any of his predecessors. In , he was accorded the honour of addressing a joint sitting of Parliament - the first by any visiting Indonesian. Unprecedented disciplinary measures are taken as the EU says the reforms threaten the rule of law.

Continue Change settings Find out more. A tense but pragmatic relationship 5 January In response to the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami , which resulted in widespread damage across northern Sumatra and Aceh , more than Australian military personnel were sent to provide humanitarian aid in the area. The Lombok Treaty, a bilateral security agreement, was signed by Indonesia's foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda and his Australian counterpart, Alexander Downer , in The treaty commits both countries to cooperate and consult in the fields of defence and defence technology, law enforcement and combating transnational crime, counter-terrorism, and intelligence-sharing, as well as maritime and aviation security.

The same year, Indonesia accepted a gift of four Australian C Hercules aircraft, a contribution intended to support humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations within Indonesia. The two countries have maintained diplomatic relations since the Netherlands' recognition of Indonesian sovereignty in Mr Soedhoro August , Mr R.

Indonesia's current ambassador to Australia, Kristiarto Legowo, took up his post in Canberra in mid Australia's largest foreign mission is its embassy in Jakarta, and there is also an Australian consulate in Denpasar , Bali.

Australia and Indonesia participate in the following multilateral organisations:. In , more than 17, Indonesian students were enrolled in Australian schools, universities, and VET courses , the majority of whom were studying management, commerce, social sciences and hospitality.

In , Australian students studied at Indonesian universities, a quarter of whom undertook semester-long programs. Indonesian language classes are taught in many Australia schools and universities. Between and , funding provided by the Keating and Howard governments through the National Asian Languages and Studies in Australian Schools Strategy doubled Indonesian language enrolments in schools and universities. Since , however, enrolments have continued to decline.

Indonesian, Mandarin, Hindi and Japanese. Radio Australia , a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation , produces Indonesian language programming broadcast on shortwave radio , by satellite, and online from studios in Southbank , Melbourne. In , the potential closure of the station's shortwave broadcasts to Indonesia was flagged as a result of high costs and the growing popularity of news coverage online and through social media.

The Year of Living Dangerously , a novel by Christopher Koch , described the experiences of an Australian journalist covering the 30 September Movement in According to a Australian coronial enquiry, the journalists had been deliberately shot by members of the Indonesian special forces.

The ban continued until , when the Australian Associated Press was again permitted a resident correspondent in Jakarta. David Jenkins , a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald , was expelled from Indonesia in following the publication of an article on corruption in Suharto's immediate family.

With the exception of participation in the Arafura Games , sporting ties between the two nations are insignificant. No Indonesian athlete or sporting team has achieved a high profile by visiting Australia. Popular Australian sports such as rugby , cricket , Australian rules football , swimming and netball raise little interest in Indonesia. Both countries maintain professional Football soccer leagues: Liga Indonesia and A-league.

The Australia Indonesia Institute, part of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade , funds a number of programs designed to improve people-to-people links between young people, including the Australia Indonesia Youth Exchange Program and the Muslim Exchange Program. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australia—Indonesia relations Australia Indonesia Australia—Indonesia relations refers to the foreign relations between Australia and one of its few neighboring countries, Indonesia.

Makassan contact with Australia. Military history of Australia during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. Capital punishment in Australia and Capital punishment in Indonesia. List of Indonesian ambassadors to Australia. List of Australian ambassadors to Indonesia. The Transfer Of Sovereignty: Minister for Foreign Affairs.

Retrieved 11 May The Voyage to Marege': Macassan Trepangers in Northern Australia. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 15 May Archived from the original PDF on 15 April Indigenous Muslims in Australia. Retrieved 28 April The Robert Menzies Collection: Retrieved 16 December Australian involvement in South-East Asian Conflicts.

Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original on 11 October The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 21 November Economy, Society and Politics".

Australasian Legal Information Institute. Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 5 August Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 11 March Retrieved 23 May Archived from the original on 4 May Archived from the original on 18 January Archived from the original on 30 October Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 5 October Australia's Asia spy network".

Archived from the original on 8 November Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 1 December Ministry of Trade of Republic Indonesia. Retrieved December 1, Responding to the promise of transformation". Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 29 May Archived PDF from the original on 3 May Retrieved 7 January If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website.

However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. These are external links and will open in a new window. Indonesian foreign minister Retno Marsudi is expected to raise the issue of refugee intake when she meets her Australian counterpart Julie Bishop. Ms Bishop is on an official visit to Indonesia from Sunday to Wednesday. In an interview with Fairfax, Indonesia's Retno Marsudi also urged other nations to take more refugees.

No asylum seekers are allowed to reach Australia's territories by boat and those that do so are often turned back to Indonesia. Asylum seekers often pay large sums to smugglers to travel to Australia by boat from Indonesia and hundreds have died making the dangerous journey. Unprecedented disciplinary measures are taken as the EU says the reforms threaten the rule of law.

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If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. These are external links and will open in a new window.

In the wake of Indonesia's abrupt suspension of military ties with Australia, the relationship between the two countries is once again under strain. Over the years, the execution of Australian drug traffickers, territorial breaches of Indonesian waters by the Australian Navy, spying revelations and the cruel treatment by Indonesia of live cattle imported from Australia have hit the headlines in both countries.

But a closer look at the links between Indonesia and Australia tells a more complicated story - one involving billions of dollars worth of two-way trade and tourism, co-operation on counter-terrorism and people smuggling, and strong educational and cultural links. For all the political bluster emanating from Canberra and Jakarta, the two countries need each other. With a population of million to Australia's The relationship reached a low point around East Timor independence, so it is no surprise West Papua seems to be at the centre of friction this week.

Some within Indonesia have clearly been stung by the Australian army "teaching materials", which reportedly said West Papua was part of Melanesia and should have independence. When asked about West Papua on Thursday, Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne was quick to say her nation recognised "Indonesia's sovereignty and territorial integrity".

The matter of territory also caused hostility in , when Indonesia demanded Australia cease naval incursions into its waters. Australia admitted it had entered Indonesian waters "on several occasions" while combating people smugglers. It sent a formal apology to Jakarta. The nations' militaries began working together more closely in the wake of the Bali bombings, which killed people including 88 Australians, and the bombing of the Australian embassy in Jakarta.

Defence exchanges, which stopped during the East Timor conflict, commenced again. Since then, both the United States and Australian governments have issued warnings against travel to Indonesia, advising their citizens of a continued risk of attacks. These incidents prompted greater cooperation between law enforcement agencies in the two countries, building on a agreement on drug trafficking and money laundering. A key outcome was support for the conclusion of a security agreement, later realised as the Lombok Agreement, providing a framework for the development of the security relationship by the end of on defence, law enforcement, counter-terrorism , intelligence, maritime security, aviation safety, WMD non-proliferation, and bilateral nuclear cooperation for peaceful purposes.

President Yudhoyono visited Australia in April , and became the second Indonesian leader to address federal parliament: Finally, I look forward to a day in the near future. The day when policy makers, academicians, journalists and other opinion leaders all over the world take a good look at the things we are doing so well together.

And they will say: But they now have a fair dinkum of a partnership. During the same visit, President Yudhoyono was appointed an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia , the country's highest civilian honour, for strengthening the bilateral relationship, and promoting democracy and development. A Four Corners documentary on animal cruelty in Indonesian abattoirs broadcast in May highlighted significant issues regarding the treatment and welfare of Australian live export cattle in Indonesia.

The decision attracted significant criticism from the federal opposition , and Indonesia threatened to take the dispute to the World Trade Organisation. In November , documents leaked to The Guardian and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation reported that in , the Australian Signals Directorate attempted to monitor the mobile phone calls of Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, his wife Kristiani Herawati , and senior officials including foreign affairs spokesman Dino Patti Djalal and trade minister Hatta Rajasa.

The allegations prompted Indonesia to immediately recall its ambassador to Australia, Nadjib Riphat Kesoema. Austrade estimates that more than Australian companies operate in Indonesia. The level of trade between Australia and Indonesia has grown, on average, by 7. The first round of discussions was held in Jakarta in September Australia's primary exports to Indonesia include wheat, livestock beef and cattle , petroleum, aluminium and cotton, while Indonesia's major exports include crude and refined petroleum, gold, iron, steel, and aluminium structures.

Since the trade began in the s, more than 6. Since , when Indonesia adopted Law No. Australia is ranked 8th in Indonesia's import list. Indonesia is the largest recipient of Australian aid , and Australia is the fourth-largest donor of foreign aid to Indonesia. Aside from humanitarian efforts to combat poverty and rebuild tsunami-affected areas, development programs also include economic reforms and political governance in supporting anti-corruption measures in parliamentary and electoral institutions and in the financial sector.

The Australian Electoral Commission formed a partnership with Indonesia's General Elections Commission Komisi Pemilihan Umum , with the aim of improving its capacity and procedures in the lead-up to the presidential election. In the Australian Census , 63, people listed their country of birth as Indonesia, of whom Most are employed as professional, clerical or administrative workers, or as labourers.

According to the Australian census, Statistics Indonesia does not measure the number of Australian residents in Indonesia, however tourist arrivals indicate that , Australians visited Indonesia in Indonesia is Australia's second-most popular tourism destination after New Zealand.

In , Australia was Indonesia's 12th-largest inbound market for visitor arrivals, with the majority of visitors travelling for holiday or to visit relatives. A transport safety partnership between the two countries was established in , and expanded in December The partnership covers air, sea, rail and road transport, providing for up to 27, seats between Indonesia and Australia's main airports each week.

Public opinion polls conducted by the Lowy Institute , an Australian foreign relations think tank, found that Australians rated their views towards Indonesia as 54 degrees, on a scale between 0 and degrees ranging from 'very unfavourable' to 'very warm'.

This polling also found that in , just under a third of Indonesians saw Australia as a potential threat to their country. Polling conducted in also indicated that, in general, Australians agreed that "Indonesia is essentially controlled by the military" and that it represents a "dangerous source of Islamic terrorism".

In October , the relationship between the two nations was strained due to allegations of spying. The proportion of Australian voters naming Indonesia as a security threat reached one in five after the Santa Cruz massacre in , subsequently increasing to three in ten following the crisis in East Timor.

In all surveyed periods, Indonesia was identified as Australia's foremost security threat. In his speech to Australian parliament, President Yudhoyono described the perception of Indonesia as a military threat as a "preposterous mental caricature".

The issue of people smuggling and the movement of asylum seekers through Indonesia has attracted significant attention in the Australian media, particularly following the Tampa affair and the subsequent introduction of the " Pacific Solution " under the Howard government. In , the Bali Process was established to provide a framework for negotiations and to improve cooperation on the issue.

Laws criminalising people smuggling were passed by the Indonesian parliament in , and impose penalties of between five and 15 years in prison for those convicted. The laws include penalties for corrupt officials, and for failing to report officials, smugglers and asylum seekers guilty of immigration violations. Australia officially recognises Indonesian sovereignty over the West Papua region , a position which is recognised in the Lombok Treaty.

Some members of the Australian parliament, however, from the Labor , Greens and Liberal parties have expressed concerns over potential human rights breaches, and the lack of access for journalists and observers. In , Australia's decision to grant temporary protection visas to 42 West Papuan asylum seekers who said they were being threatened by the Indonesian military, prompted Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to recall Indonesia's ambassador to Australia.

The incident led to a "war of cartoons" between the two countries, after The Australian newspaper published a Bill Leak cartoon depicting the president as a dog mounting a Papuan, which prompted Indonesian student activists to demand an end to ties with Australia. In , five Australian citizens were detained by local authorities for attempting to enter the West Papuan town of Merauke without visas. This decision was appealed in Indonesia's Supreme Court and subsequently rejected in June Some , cattle are exported from Australia each year, the vast majority to Indonesia, and the meat and livestock industry feared that rural livelihoods could be destroyed if a blanket ban came into effect.

Indonesian officials blamed local abattoirs for not meeting the halal standards, which fuelled the debate about self independence. Indonesia responded to the ban by imposing quotas, seeking to punish the Australian government, but primarily impacting the rural economy. Eventually, Australia and Indonesia managed to normalise relations, boosting hopes for the future.

In November , the Australian spying scandal on Indonesia prompted the Indonesian government to review its trade policy with Australia, including the live cattle trade.

If it was revised, Indonesia could import cattle from other countries, except those not free from cattle mouth and feet disease, such as India. Australia last carried out a death sentence in February and abolition of the death penalty occurred as early as in the state of Queensland , with final abolishment in all jurisdictions by The death penalty in Indonesia has been permitted for the entire history of the Republic of Indonesia, but no Australian citizen had been subject to it prior to The Australia-Indonesia Extradition Treaty agreed upon in precludes any extradition which might enable the death penalty to be carried out in either country.

The case of the Bali Nine Australian heroin traffickers convicted in Indonesia in resulted in six death sentences being imposed either at trial or on appeal. Four of these were struck down on further appeal. In January , Indonesian President Joko Widodo refused to grant clemency for Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran , the two remaining Australians facing death sentences after their convictions as the orchestrators of the enterprise.

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott recalled the Australian Ambassador to Indonesia and suspended ministerial contact for about six weeks. A maritime boundary exists between Australia and Indonesia, and both countries have been concerned to definitively delimit that boundary for the purpose of protecting fisheries from encroachment, [] and determining the limits of responsibility for vessels found in that area.

In response to the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami , which resulted in widespread damage across northern Sumatra and Aceh , more than Australian military personnel were sent to provide humanitarian aid in the area. The Lombok Treaty, a bilateral security agreement, was signed by Indonesia's foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda and his Australian counterpart, Alexander Downer , in The treaty commits both countries to cooperate and consult in the fields of defence and defence technology, law enforcement and combating transnational crime, counter-terrorism, and intelligence-sharing, as well as maritime and aviation security.

The same year, Indonesia accepted a gift of four Australian C Hercules aircraft, a contribution intended to support humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations within Indonesia. The two countries have maintained diplomatic relations since the Netherlands' recognition of Indonesian sovereignty in Mr Soedhoro August , Mr R.

Indonesia's current ambassador to Australia, Kristiarto Legowo, took up his post in Canberra in mid Australia's largest foreign mission is its embassy in Jakarta, and there is also an Australian consulate in Denpasar , Bali. Australia and Indonesia participate in the following multilateral organisations:.

In , more than 17, Indonesian students were enrolled in Australian schools, universities, and VET courses , the majority of whom were studying management, commerce, social sciences and hospitality.

In , Australian students studied at Indonesian universities, a quarter of whom undertook semester-long programs. Indonesian language classes are taught in many Australia schools and universities. Between and , funding provided by the Keating and Howard governments through the National Asian Languages and Studies in Australian Schools Strategy doubled Indonesian language enrolments in schools and universities.

Since , however, enrolments have continued to decline. Indonesian, Mandarin, Hindi and Japanese. Radio Australia , a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation , produces Indonesian language programming broadcast on shortwave radio , by satellite, and online from studios in Southbank , Melbourne.

In , the potential closure of the station's shortwave broadcasts to Indonesia was flagged as a result of high costs and the growing popularity of news coverage online and through social media.

The Year of Living Dangerously , a novel by Christopher Koch , described the experiences of an Australian journalist covering the 30 September Movement in According to a Australian coronial enquiry, the journalists had been deliberately shot by members of the Indonesian special forces.

The ban continued until , when the Australian Associated Press was again permitted a resident correspondent in Jakarta. David Jenkins , a journalist for the Sydney Morning Herald , was expelled from Indonesia in following the publication of an article on corruption in Suharto's immediate family. With the exception of participation in the Arafura Games , sporting ties between the two nations are insignificant.

No Indonesian athlete or sporting team has achieved a high profile by visiting Australia. Popular Australian sports such as rugby , cricket , Australian rules football , swimming and netball raise little interest in Indonesia. Both countries maintain professional Football soccer leagues: Liga Indonesia and A-league. The Australia Indonesia Institute, part of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade , funds a number of programs designed to improve people-to-people links between young people, including the Australia Indonesia Youth Exchange Program and the Muslim Exchange Program.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australia—Indonesia relations Australia Indonesia Australia—Indonesia relations refers to the foreign relations between Australia and one of its few neighboring countries, Indonesia.

Makassan contact with Australia. Military history of Australia during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. Capital punishment in Australia and Capital punishment in Indonesia. List of Indonesian ambassadors to Australia. List of Australian ambassadors to Indonesia. The Transfer Of Sovereignty: Minister for Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 11 May The Voyage to Marege': Macassan Trepangers in Northern Australia. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 15 May Archived from the original PDF on 15 April Indigenous Muslims in Australia. Retrieved 28 April The Robert Menzies Collection: Retrieved 16 December Australian involvement in South-East Asian Conflicts.

Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original on 11 October The Sydney Morning Herald.

Archived from the original on 21 November Economy, Society and Politics". Australasian Legal Information Institute. Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 5 August Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 11 March

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