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Successful completion of the minor or major can be counted towards meeting the requirements for the following single degrees: Students in other single bachelor's degrees may be eligible to complete the minor or major by using 24 or 48 points of their free electives.

Successful completion of the minor or major can be counted towards meeting the requirements for the Bachelor of Arts component in the following double degrees: Skip to content Skip to navigation. Korean studies - Right of school to determine entry level and approve accelerated enrolment The Korean studies program convenor retains the right to determine the proper proficiency level for any particular student.

Overseas study Students can replace language units with equivalent language study overseas. Outcomes In addition to achieving the broad outcomes of their course, students successfully completing this major will be able to: Translation studies, Asian studies or Linguistics draw upon discipline-specific language and appropriate genres to demonstrate understanding within a field from a scholarly perspective and for a specified audience.

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Gamblers must expect to lose Risk is the one thing that all types of gambling have in common. However, gambling odds are designed to work against you. For example, you are more likely to find buried treasure than win top prize at the pokies.

If you gamble, you should expect to lose. Different types of gambling The two main types of gambling include: Chance-based — such as playing the lottery, roulette, bingo or gaming machines.

The results are random. All players have an equal chance of winning. Skill-based gambling — such as betting on races and playing poker or blackjack. Your ability or skill can influence whether you win or lose. However, the odds of winning are not the same for all players and the odds are always in favour of the house.

The odds work against you Knowing the odds is simply the best way to keep gambling in perspective. The odds vary depending on the game you choose to play. The table below shows some common forms of gambling for Victorians and the odds of winning.

For example, you might gamble regularly at the TAB to win money, but join the Melbourne Cup sweep in your office to be sociable.

You might usually play the pokies alone, but share a machine when you go out with family and friends. Gaming venues may want your business as a gambler, but you can exercise balance and control. Stick to some simple rules such as setting a money or time limit to help you walk away.

Problem gambling For some people, gambling is a novelty; an occasional experience that is enjoyed for social entertainment. Gambling should always be seen as only one form of entertainment in a balanced lifestyle. However, gambling can change and grow without the person noticing how it has become more important.

Help is available Many organisations offer support, assistance and counselling for people who have problems with gambling. Depending on the service, the aim is to either control the gambling or abstain altogether.

Some organisations also offer support to affected family and friends. Gambler's Help Gambler's Help is a free service for people who are affected by gambling. There are Gambler's Help services available throughout Victoria that provide: Free, professional, confidential counselling for people for whom gambling is an issue Counselling for the family and friends of people for whom gambling is an issue Financial counselling to help people with gambling-related money problems Advice on self-exclusion programs and other support services Community education to help communities reduce the negative effects of gambling.

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Drugs and addiction explained Types of drugs Health effects of drugs Minimising harm Getting help for addiction Drugs and addiction explained Addiction Addiction is a craving to use a substance or to repeat a behaviour Alcohol and drugs - dependence and addiction Asking for help when you first suspect you have an alcohol or drug problem is important.

Drug use in Victoria Surveys provide information about drug use and the characteristics of people who use drugs in Victoria and Australia Prescription medicines Make sure you understand why your doctor or other prescriber is prescribing a medicine for you Types of drugs Alcohol The size of a standard drink can vary according to the type of alcohol Amphetamines Amphetamines are psychostimulant drugs that speed up the workings of the brain Caffeine Caffeine is a stimulant that acts on the brain and nervous system Cannabis marijuana Generally speaking, people who start smoking cannabis earlier early adolescence and smoke heavily are more likely to experience problems Cocaine Cocaine is a highly addictive illegal stimulant that has serious side effects Ecstasy Ecstasy is an illegal stimulant and hallucinogenic drug that can cause stroke and heart attack Hallucinogens Hallucinogens target specific centres of the brain to alter its understanding of sensory input Heroin Heroin is a depressant of the central nervous system, which means it slows down brain function and particularly the control of breathing Ice The drug ice, is a stimulant with a high risk of addiction if it used regularly Inhalants Inhalants are chemical substances that give off fumes that can be breathed in to achieve a 'high' Kava It is dangerous to take kava in combination with alcohol or other psychoactive drugs Steroids Prolonged misuse of steroids can cause liver damage and severe mood swings Synthetic drugs Synthetic drugs aim to mimic the effects of existing illicit drugs such as cannabis, cocaine and ecstasy Tranquillisers Tranquillisers are highly addictive and should only be used for certain conditions in a short-term or emergency situation They affect how you think, feel and behave Pregnancy - medication, drugs and alcohol Most women take a drug of some kind during pregnancy, sometimes without realising the potential for harm Substance abuse and mental illness — dual diagnosis Dual diagnosis means someone has both a mental illness and a substance use problem Teeth and drug use Many drugs, both prescription and illegal, can cause tooth damage Teeth and medication Many drugs, both prescription and illegal, can cause tooth damage Minimising harm Partying safely It is important to create a safe environment at parties so that everyone can have fun.

Partying safely - schoolies week Partying at schoolies week can be fun, but you need to be aware of the risks, which can include accidents, robbery, violence and sexual assault Getting help for addiction Alcohol and drug treatments and programs Counsellors, doctors and other healthcare professionals can help if you have a problem with alcohol or drugs Assessing your alcohol and drug use If you are worried about your alcohol or drug use or, call DirectLine on for counselling, information and referral, or speak with your local doctor Drug dependency services Some people need to explore different treatment options for drug dependency before they find what works for them Heroin dependence - medication treatments Medication treatments for heroin dependence include methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone Talking to health professionals about drugs, alcohol or addiction Talking with your doctor or healthcare professional is an important step in getting care for issues of drug or alcohol addiction or dependence Gambling - do you have a problem?

There are various warning signs that may indicate you are developing problem-gambling habits Gambling - financial issues If you have a gambling problem, a financial counsellor can advise you on how to manage your money and repay your debts Gambling - providing support You cannot force someone to acknowledge that they have an issue with gambling, but you can encourage them to seek professional help Gambling - how to change your habits The first step is to decide that you want to stop or control your gambling Gambling - advice for family and friends You may feel angry, hurt and betrayed when you discover that a family member or friend has a gambling problem Related information on other websites.

But notwithstanding that I am, the LNP did not break any signed commitment, then put up a tainted speaker someone whose grandfathered agreement had expired when support was not forthcoming to keep power, 'whatever it takes'.

It is in all probability that faced with similar circumstance the LNP could make the same type of call - then again they could make a 'captain's call' as well.

What Labor did was display a pious hypocrisy that confirmed all that was wrong with a bad government gone toxic. Let me debunk your anti Labor rant. Only 2 months after the Abbott led government election they repealed the legislation, passed by the Gillard Government.

The Clubs industry and the NRL ran a campaign across the entire nation to make the reforms seem as unfair and toxic as possible. Well, Tony Abbott just waved two fingers at the Wilkie, telling him "it is not Liberal Party policy" and it will be "expensive and ineffective".

Serves Mr Wilkie right for standing in John Howard's old electorate for the Greens and being a bit negative about the case for invading Iraq. However, if he cares to run a Select Committee on the aesthetics of power generators he might find the reception to be more friendly. What a joke that self regulating trial was. If I live in Carnarvon, I would need to drive for nearly ten hours to go to the nearest casino or gambling machine.

Alternatively, I could catch a plane flight. Quite a very effective area for an investigation into the trial ban. Other cities could include Albany, Broome, Geraldton, Karlgoolie and other WA cities where one could not feasibly make it to poker machines and back in a day trip for now and decades prior.

If you want to test a city which still holds a casino, Perth is very effective. From memory, they had sports stadiums, childrens sports teams, a few beggars like Melbourne or Sydney, a few drunks and other social ills. Im sure the numbers could be quantified using departmental reports from WA since WA joined the federation for a bit of comparison. Every time Labor drops the ball, and gives privileges to the business end of town without resistance, they appear to be exactly the same as the LNP.

Thanks, cob, for jumping in first. The ALP - that battler for the little people, the poor and oppressed - relies for its finances to a staggering extent on sucking those battlers dry through the pokies. Up the workers indeed. That's garbage and YOU know it. Labor had de facto control of both houses, thanks to the Greens. So what's your excuse? Just in case AHLD or anyone else misses it, see revitup's comment.

The Gillard government passed the legislation, the Abbott government repealed it God bless those Hotel Association slings , the debunker tells another lie. Why should today be different? AHLD, have a good weekend - come up out of the bunker, get some fresh air, talk to someone other than a Liberal warrior. You never know, you might enjoy it Maybe we'll only pull clear of the hold gambling has over us by arguing against the harm it does to other family members or the community at large when a breadwinner or even an individual winds up misdirecting income away from meeting their responsibilities.

Can we argue that the rent not paid, the school fees unmet, the disposable income not going to retailers or even the holidays not taken are all a drain on the economy as the result of decisions we're willing to say we don't endorse? If we can't regulate then can we in other words afford not to tax gambling at a higher rate to make up those shortfalls those bad decisions impose upon the community?

We're almost at the point of following the international lead towards some kind of ETS to counteract carbon pollution's effects. Some may disagree with the substance of what that argues, but it does set some kind of important precedent in militating against the externalities a commercial activity would otherwise leave the public purse to deal with. There's a body of evidence showing gambling imposes another kind of externality as an economic burden upon the community that might be considered in the same light.

Maybe we're at the point of saying personal irresponsibility is allowable but only if it benefits the majority rather than accruing wealth disproportionately to a few unscrupulous operators.

Federal government needs to change the rules about how gambling revenue is accounted for when divvying up GST. At present, it's not counted for that purpose, so not only is it a significant source of revenue, but its a revenue stream with no obvious budget downside the associated crime and social costs exist, of course, but they're hidden on treasury sheets. If there was a penalty for increasing gambling revenue, the eastern states might not be so keen to keep increasing it and it wouldn't hurt WA, where we've done the responsible thing and kept pokies out of pubs and clubs.

Is gambling a problem in Western Australia to the same extent as the other pokie states? Pokies are only available at the casino in Perth but there are many alternate avenues for gambling such as lotto or wagering. These give delayed results compared with poker machines.

Have any studies been done? This is another example of political donations. Of course donations aren't made to obtain any change in govt. Oh yeah, pull the other one. The biggest owner of poker machines in Australia is Woolworths, through the extensive hotel ownership.

We don't have poker machines Casino excepted in Western Australia. Just letting you know Mike. Both major parties are equally culpable.

If there was a way clear to obtain revenue revenue from drug dealing they would be into it like a shot. Same principle in both cases - the victim chooses the action so they are fair game. Apart from the willing sheep the only victims are family and employers etc. Everyone's complaining about the corruption of our democratic system with "donations" and "ad campaigns" read bribes and blackmail from gambling businesses, and WA's just sitting here banning pokies outside of 1 venue in the whole state.

Not that WA doesn't have its problems with government policy relating to gambling, but at least we have confined the worst of the demons to a single dungeon. Not good is it. And curtailing hours of operation - after all who, other that an addict, needs to bet on the pokies at 4am?

This is why we need to send the duties of the states to the Federal government and eliminate that level of government. I know that many argue that services should be delivered as locally as possible, but at the time of federation, it took weeks to travel the breadth of Australia.

It now takes hours. It's all local, and the fact that the states are delivering the services but can't tax for them has resulted in them leaning on ridiculous revenue sources like this. I'm surprised that no mention was made of Western Australia, which is the only state where poker machines are restricted to one casino - this policy has bipartisan support - but counts against WA when it comes to the redistribution of GST income - earnings from gambling are not included as part of revenue.

It is also considering selling its TAB, which will further remove Government support of gambling although this is unpopular with country racing bodies that fear for future funding of their turf clubs and race meetings. The proliferation of online gambling will ensure that problem gambling in this area is not addressed. Western Australians remain wedded to lottery tickets, with the state being among the largest consumers.

However, the Government remains the owner of Lotterywest in WA and the funds are committed to community projects. We can build billion dollar casinos but not billion dollar national travel centres that promote Australia holistically. You might be able to search for travel information on Australia over the internet but it is not a one stop visual, real social and entertainment experience There is something special about real life experiences, visiting and enjoying what iconic structures offer To express your pride in Australia and what in real terms it offers visitors, particularly when it is a tourist attraction promoting tourism.

With a little imagination and creativity the Australian government could develop the concept of national travel centres in each of the capital cities around Australia by allocating prime positioned government land, embedding all our state , territory and city centric travel centres which operate independently as they have always done in state of the art, architecturally stunning, multi- million dollar travel complexes completed under long term lease, paid for, maintained, upgraded over time and operated by private enterprise with profit generating activities eg.

You create must see places to visit, be informed to spend on new experiences from food to sport and culture and not just natural wonders. You develop a reputation for Australia as a must see destination for repeat visits by foreign visitors and an encouragement for locals to explore their own backyard with a range of activities and prices. National travel centres as outlined would generate a major boost to the tourism dollar and government coffers through the creation and generated opportunities of greater employment, greater demand, as it currently stands directly and indirectly and it does not need an increase in government debt.

Hoo-ray for the the Colin Barnet Liberal Government, It not that we don't have a few issues at the momant, at least problem gambling is not one of them. This is real "Fall Of Rome" stuff. State governments, in particular, are dependent on gambling taxes. Our sporting codes are in thrall to big corporate bookmakers. Local government is being propped up by fines that it levies on its own citizens.

Working people are hocking themselves to the eyeballs on over-priced residential property, crossing their fingers in the hope that interest rates never rise again, and shoving their household expenses onto overloaded credit cards. Governments know they should act on problem gambling to protect some of their most vulnerable citizens, but they can't because they depend on the revenue that addicted gamblers feed into their coffers. What a decadent, corrupt state of affairs.

The unhappy reality is that perfect self-control is not a common human attribute. Continually blaming addicts for their? Other examples of cooperate nihilism are the tobacco lobby fighting the plain packing laws and then telling porkies over their impact on smoking rates. And the junk food industry fighting any restrictions on selling toys with junk food. What are governments for if not to pass laws that place the national interest ahead of someone? This article by Mike Steketee is an attempt to interfere in people's right to gamble.

If people don't like gambling then they should migrate to some where where there is no gambling ,like the South Pole. Gambling is a very important in this country both culturaley and industrially, if people did not gamble on private enterprise then we would all be back in the stone age, 20,years of civilization confirms this.

Perceiving a gap in a market and backing yourself to fill it is one thing. Feeding your money into a machine that is programmed to pay out less than it takes in is quite another.

WA is a state in Australia. It only has one gambling facility. It has no slot machines in other venues anywhere in the state. WA has maintained childrens sports teams, community groups, roughly the same number of homeless individuals and more. WA has a state lottery, which is run as a non-profit funding all kinds of activities within the state. Tickets from this are on sale at newsagents. The newsagents are the centers for gambling in WA where the system sends money directly to the state run lotterywest as opposed to private interests.

If the nation is still so blind and ignorant as not to try and examine the differences between say WA and QLD, then it deserves the ill effects that gambling brings. I don't understand the pessimism, just because in the past, governments have always increased revenues by making it easier to separate gamblers from their money. In fact, I'd be willing to bet on it that if we just keep voting, before long we will get a government that will introduce effective measures to solve problem gambling.

Why does the government have to constantly act as babysitter for those who don't have self control? If you gamble you will lose. That's all there is to it. You may get lucky once in a while, but that is only a temporary situation.

You may as well kiss goodbye your money as you gamble it. Who is babysitting whom? If you don't believe me, just ask the two independents Andrew Wilkie and Nick Xenophon for their opinion. Years ago I likes to play the old mechanical 'pokies'.

The adds were fair and the noise was a little exciting. Time ruins lots of things. I won't play the electronic machines because I think they're playing me and the odds aren't so good. They, the government and the machines have lost their appeal, for me. Charge the club with the duty. Tax the machines at a higher rate per machine. If you have inside knowledge of a topic in the news, contact the ABC.

ABC teams share the story behind the story and insights into the making of digital, TV and radio content. Read about our editorial guiding principles and the enforceable standard our journalists follow. You may be better off buying regular green or black tea and spending more on fruit and vegetables.

Shanghai businessman Rongfeng Duan shares his experience of being in a gay relationship in China and recalls how three different weddings became landmarks in his life. For some men it's a tricky subject — the idea of not passing on their family name to their child. But a range of other options are on the rise in Australia. By Carl Smith for Science Friction. They might be the icons of a musical revolution in the early s, but now science is questioning whether The Beatles' music from that era was important.

The gambling industry has pressed home its advantage in recent years. Comments 55 Comments for this story are closed. Alert moderator Good Grief: We used to own it and then we sold all of the old state run gambling enterprises off Alert moderator Mossman Mal: Alert moderator dr dig:

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With the growth of the industry has come the increase in the power of the clubs and hotel lobbies, and that power has included making political donations. The last time there were meaningful measures to control gambling was in Victoria more than five years ago. Among the politicians, only independents like Nick Xenophon and Andrew Wilkie are prepared these days to stand up to the gambling lobby.

Xenophon plans to introduce into the spring session of Parliament a bill to apply restrictions to online gambling. This is emerging as a threat, even while the much larger one from poker machines remains to be tackled. Mike Steketee is a freelance journalist. He was formerly a columnist and national affairs editor for The Australian.

First posted July 17, In the case of poker machines at least, clearly someone who could do with knowing a little bit more about Western Australia. Cough up a bit more GST whenever you're able and we'll see what we can do to stump up an education campaign for you and people like you. Also I think that there will be another journalist with an agenda who whinge if the government tried to do the exact opposite; either controlling or curbing gambling much like Singapore and how they only allow certain venues to build casinos and citizens have to pay a hefty entry fee to discourage them from gambling.

If people are going to gamble, their money is as good as lost. If they didn't lose the money on slot machines or horses, they'd be giving it to fake Nigerian princes or using it to buy magic beans on their way to the market. They might as well give it to the gambling industry. At least then, it gets taxed and does some public good before it ends up lining a smarter person's pockets. Why privatize the gambling industry? If people are going to loose it anyway, why not to a state run lottery commission?

As least that way when they are destitute a body might have funds to fund the services they required. Taxing a small percentage of mega earnings is not going to cut it. We used to own it and then we sold all of the old state run gambling enterprises off. The only state that does not allow gambling machines outside casinos is WA.

Which has a LNP gov't. To try to bring party politics into this issue is not only ludicrous, in that it ignores history, but detrimental to any intelligent argument. The problem is governments too weak-willed or unwilling to make the effort to explain the need for revenue, and taking the easy way out: All governments, across the spectrum.

It would be painful to give up gambling revenue, but so is lancing a boil. And the comparison is very apposite. You can hardly make this about one party, both are equally complicit. It is a difficult area too. Some people would be able to spend thousands on a trip to the pokies without being a problem gambler. Where is the responsibility on the problem gambler? Not sure I agree that this is largely a problem with low SES people.

Where do low SES people get thousands to play with? Though I do accept that low SES people would not need to lose as much to have a negative impact. The other thing is that problem gamblers will find ways around restrictions, they do have a problem after all that drives their behaviour. Then non-problem gamblers are the ones affected.

There are no simple solutions here. You could ban pokies all together and problem gamblers will find a way to gamble. Problem gamblers are not a new phenomena. It exists pretty much solely as a way to part fools from their money, in the name of "having a good time" but really they're not having a good time because they're gambling, they're having a good time because of booze and the company of friends and so forth. No-one goes plainclothes and alone to the Melbourne Cup, watches the race, goes home and claims they "had a good time".

Ignoring the fact that pokie gambling was legalised by the ALP in certain states - Victoria at least which I remember happening back in the early 90s. Neither side comes to this issue with clean hands. The greed and avarice of the government is only matched by the greed and avarice of the punter. It takes two to tango. Blaming the Liberals for it, after Gillard ratted on Wilkie over the issue, is both peurile and fallacious.

Labor should hang it's head in shame for not honouring their signed commitment to introduce Wilkie's reforms. But then Labor are dependant on the contributions from pokies from their 'working mans' clubs, and they falsely promised to implement reforms they never intended to apply. It could have been Julia's real legacy, laid down like a royal flush - rather than the toilet flush. If JG had introduced the legislation I am sure you and all the LNP apologists would have roundly condemned her just as much as they do for not introducing it.

All politicians should be hanging their heads in shame and not just on this issue. We have been let down by them all at every turn. So have you got anything to say about the Liberal's contribution to this problem happy?? You dont even have to go far to read about it, just scroll up. Im interested in hearing your thoughts. I am actually in favour of pokie reform. You see conservatives do not have 'hive minds' and we regularly disagree about a variety of subjects - something that never seems to happen amongst progressives.

But notwithstanding that I am, the LNP did not break any signed commitment, then put up a tainted speaker someone whose grandfathered agreement had expired when support was not forthcoming to keep power, 'whatever it takes'. It is in all probability that faced with similar circumstance the LNP could make the same type of call - then again they could make a 'captain's call' as well.

What Labor did was display a pious hypocrisy that confirmed all that was wrong with a bad government gone toxic. Let me debunk your anti Labor rant. Only 2 months after the Abbott led government election they repealed the legislation, passed by the Gillard Government. The Clubs industry and the NRL ran a campaign across the entire nation to make the reforms seem as unfair and toxic as possible.

Well, Tony Abbott just waved two fingers at the Wilkie, telling him "it is not Liberal Party policy" and it will be "expensive and ineffective". Serves Mr Wilkie right for standing in John Howard's old electorate for the Greens and being a bit negative about the case for invading Iraq.

However, if he cares to run a Select Committee on the aesthetics of power generators he might find the reception to be more friendly. What a joke that self regulating trial was.

If I live in Carnarvon, I would need to drive for nearly ten hours to go to the nearest casino or gambling machine. Alternatively, I could catch a plane flight.

Quite a very effective area for an investigation into the trial ban. Other cities could include Albany, Broome, Geraldton, Karlgoolie and other WA cities where one could not feasibly make it to poker machines and back in a day trip for now and decades prior.

If you want to test a city which still holds a casino, Perth is very effective. From memory, they had sports stadiums, childrens sports teams, a few beggars like Melbourne or Sydney, a few drunks and other social ills. Im sure the numbers could be quantified using departmental reports from WA since WA joined the federation for a bit of comparison. Every time Labor drops the ball, and gives privileges to the business end of town without resistance, they appear to be exactly the same as the LNP.

Thanks, cob, for jumping in first. The ALP - that battler for the little people, the poor and oppressed - relies for its finances to a staggering extent on sucking those battlers dry through the pokies.

Up the workers indeed. That's garbage and YOU know it. Labor had de facto control of both houses, thanks to the Greens. So what's your excuse? Just in case AHLD or anyone else misses it, see revitup's comment. The Gillard government passed the legislation, the Abbott government repealed it God bless those Hotel Association slings , the debunker tells another lie.

Why should today be different? AHLD, have a good weekend - come up out of the bunker, get some fresh air, talk to someone other than a Liberal warrior. You never know, you might enjoy it Maybe we'll only pull clear of the hold gambling has over us by arguing against the harm it does to other family members or the community at large when a breadwinner or even an individual winds up misdirecting income away from meeting their responsibilities.

Can we argue that the rent not paid, the school fees unmet, the disposable income not going to retailers or even the holidays not taken are all a drain on the economy as the result of decisions we're willing to say we don't endorse? If we can't regulate then can we in other words afford not to tax gambling at a higher rate to make up those shortfalls those bad decisions impose upon the community? We're almost at the point of following the international lead towards some kind of ETS to counteract carbon pollution's effects.

Some may disagree with the substance of what that argues, but it does set some kind of important precedent in militating against the externalities a commercial activity would otherwise leave the public purse to deal with.

There's a body of evidence showing gambling imposes another kind of externality as an economic burden upon the community that might be considered in the same light. Maybe we're at the point of saying personal irresponsibility is allowable but only if it benefits the majority rather than accruing wealth disproportionately to a few unscrupulous operators.

Federal government needs to change the rules about how gambling revenue is accounted for when divvying up GST. At present, it's not counted for that purpose, so not only is it a significant source of revenue, but its a revenue stream with no obvious budget downside the associated crime and social costs exist, of course, but they're hidden on treasury sheets. If there was a penalty for increasing gambling revenue, the eastern states might not be so keen to keep increasing it and it wouldn't hurt WA, where we've done the responsible thing and kept pokies out of pubs and clubs.

Is gambling a problem in Western Australia to the same extent as the other pokie states? Pokies are only available at the casino in Perth but there are many alternate avenues for gambling such as lotto or wagering. These give delayed results compared with poker machines. Have any studies been done? This is another example of political donations. Of course donations aren't made to obtain any change in govt.

Oh yeah, pull the other one. The biggest owner of poker machines in Australia is Woolworths, through the extensive hotel ownership. We don't have poker machines Casino excepted in Western Australia. Just letting you know Mike. Both major parties are equally culpable. If there was a way clear to obtain revenue revenue from drug dealing they would be into it like a shot. Same principle in both cases - the victim chooses the action so they are fair game.

Apart from the willing sheep the only victims are family and employers etc. Everyone's complaining about the corruption of our democratic system with "donations" and "ad campaigns" read bribes and blackmail from gambling businesses, and WA's just sitting here banning pokies outside of 1 venue in the whole state.

Not that WA doesn't have its problems with government policy relating to gambling, but at least we have confined the worst of the demons to a single dungeon. Not good is it. And curtailing hours of operation - after all who, other that an addict, needs to bet on the pokies at 4am? This is why we need to send the duties of the states to the Federal government and eliminate that level of government. I know that many argue that services should be delivered as locally as possible, but at the time of federation, it took weeks to travel the breadth of Australia.

It now takes hours. It's all local, and the fact that the states are delivering the services but can't tax for them has resulted in them leaning on ridiculous revenue sources like this.

I'm surprised that no mention was made of Western Australia, which is the only state where poker machines are restricted to one casino - this policy has bipartisan support - but counts against WA when it comes to the redistribution of GST income - earnings from gambling are not included as part of revenue.

It is also considering selling its TAB, which will further remove Government support of gambling although this is unpopular with country racing bodies that fear for future funding of their turf clubs and race meetings. The proliferation of online gambling will ensure that problem gambling in this area is not addressed. Western Australians remain wedded to lottery tickets, with the state being among the largest consumers.

However, the Government remains the owner of Lotterywest in WA and the funds are committed to community projects. We can build billion dollar casinos but not billion dollar national travel centres that promote Australia holistically.

You might be able to search for travel information on Australia over the internet but it is not a one stop visual, real social and entertainment experience There is something special about real life experiences, visiting and enjoying what iconic structures offer To express your pride in Australia and what in real terms it offers visitors, particularly when it is a tourist attraction promoting tourism.

With a little imagination and creativity the Australian government could develop the concept of national travel centres in each of the capital cities around Australia by allocating prime positioned government land, embedding all our state , territory and city centric travel centres which operate independently as they have always done in state of the art, architecturally stunning, multi- million dollar travel complexes completed under long term lease, paid for, maintained, upgraded over time and operated by private enterprise with profit generating activities eg.

You create must see places to visit, be informed to spend on new experiences from food to sport and culture and not just natural wonders. You develop a reputation for Australia as a must see destination for repeat visits by foreign visitors and an encouragement for locals to explore their own backyard with a range of activities and prices.

Aside from on-course bookmakers, governments, via TABs, controlled this activity. Lotteries were similarly government-owned in all states bar Victoria. Sports betting was illegal. Pokies were clunky, mechanical, single-line affairs. Pokies were prohibited even in the four British-styled casinos in the Northern Territory and Tasmania. Fast forward to and Big Gambling is ascendant.

Pokies have become ubiquitous in pubs and clubs across Australia except in Western Australia. Compared to their mechanical predecessors, electronic poker machines are more profitable for the gambling industry and more dangerous to gamblers.

Australian company Aristocrat Leisure pioneered the development of linked jackpots and multiline games. These machines encourage gamblers to stake higher amounts and give the misleading impression of frequent wins and near-misses , encouraging gamblers to continue playing for longer periods.

Casinos have been legalised in every state and territory. Casino development is accelerating. Four new casinos are planned for NSW and Queensland in the coming years.

Lotteries have been privatised in every state and territory. Betting, once confined to the trackside and government-owned TABs, has been privatised and deregulated. The legalisation of internet wagering has made gambling accessible 24 hours a day, wherever a smartphone can be connected.

And the final frontier of gambling liberalisation, online casino-style gambling, was recommended for staged liberalisation by the Productivity Commission in its review. With such unprecedented opportunities to gamble, Australia has been dubbed the gambling capital of the world. Australians lose more money gambling per person than any other nation. And gambling is rapidly becoming part of how we define ourselves as consumers.

But for an estimated 80, to , Australians , gambling leads to financial, family and psychological problems, and sometimes crime and suicide. It is similarly difficult to imagine a viable gambling industry without rampant exploitation of the Australian working classes.

Both gambling venues and gambling problems are concentrated among the poorest social groups in Australia. Our own research in the Northern Territory confirmed these class associations. As the figure on the right shows, 2. Only a small fraction of club sector poker machine profits, often justified on the basis of community benefit , are returned by clubs to the community. Commercial gambling has also minted a new class of super-rich individuals. Casino owners around the world favour these machines because of their ability to maximise profits.

Hotel owners have likewise shared the spoils, especially Woolworths and its joint-venture partners. The current arguments about GDP and employment growth , better entertainment facilities and increased revenue for public spending are largely unchanged since the Victorian government introduced pokies in see video below.

The claim that Big Gambling is a source of economic prosperity is dubious. They simply divert employment from other sectors that are actually more labour-intensive.

fastidiously choose your key

And the final frontier of gambling liberalisation, online casino-style gambling, was recommended for staged liberalisation by the Productivity Commission in its review. With such unprecedented opportunities to gamble, Australia has been dubbed the gambling capital of the world.

Australians lose more money gambling per person than any other nation. And gambling is rapidly becoming part of how we define ourselves as consumers. But for an estimated 80, to , Australians , gambling leads to financial, family and psychological problems, and sometimes crime and suicide.

It is similarly difficult to imagine a viable gambling industry without rampant exploitation of the Australian working classes.

Both gambling venues and gambling problems are concentrated among the poorest social groups in Australia. Our own research in the Northern Territory confirmed these class associations. As the figure on the right shows, 2.

Only a small fraction of club sector poker machine profits, often justified on the basis of community benefit , are returned by clubs to the community. Commercial gambling has also minted a new class of super-rich individuals. Casino owners around the world favour these machines because of their ability to maximise profits.

Hotel owners have likewise shared the spoils, especially Woolworths and its joint-venture partners. The current arguments about GDP and employment growth , better entertainment facilities and increased revenue for public spending are largely unchanged since the Victorian government introduced pokies in see video below. The claim that Big Gambling is a source of economic prosperity is dubious.

They simply divert employment from other sectors that are actually more labour-intensive. Gambling does not create new wealth. It merely transfers wealth from poor to rich and may in fact reduce economic activity due to diverting gamblers from productive labour. The argument that the transformation of pubs and clubs into a network of nationally linked mini-casinos has provided more entertainment is equally suspect.

Public attitude surveys have consistently suggested that pokies destroy entertainment possibilities. As far back as , Pokies, especially in pubs, have been associated with the decline of the live music industry. This level of class-based exploitation is only possible because the gambling super-rich are willing to use their money and influence to reinforce their class position.

Political power is used to block reform. For example, there was a concerted and ultimately successful effort to sabotage the Wilkie pokie reforms , despite their overwhelming public popularity.

Political power is also used proactively to further deregulaton. Members of this group use their enormous power and influence to directly sway politicians and policymakers. These changes have not occurred because of liberated consumers who have chosen, and demanded, that , poker machines be installed across the country. See the other articles in the series Class in Australia here.

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Responsible gambling means understanding the odds, knowing how much time or money to spend and when to stop. If you gamble you should expect to lose.

Gambling should be budgeted as an expense, just like going out for dinner, and not considered a way to make money. If you suspect you may have a problem with gambling, understanding why you gamble can help you change your behaviour. Responsible gambling means understanding the odds, and knowing how much time or money to spend and when to stop. Gamblers must expect to lose Risk is the one thing that all types of gambling have in common. However, gambling odds are designed to work against you.

For example, you are more likely to find buried treasure than win top prize at the pokies. If you gamble, you should expect to lose. Different types of gambling The two main types of gambling include: Chance-based — such as playing the lottery, roulette, bingo or gaming machines.

The results are random. All players have an equal chance of winning. Skill-based gambling — such as betting on races and playing poker or blackjack. Your ability or skill can influence whether you win or lose. However, the odds of winning are not the same for all players and the odds are always in favour of the house. The odds work against you Knowing the odds is simply the best way to keep gambling in perspective. The odds vary depending on the game you choose to play.

The table below shows some common forms of gambling for Victorians and the odds of winning. For example, you might gamble regularly at the TAB to win money, but join the Melbourne Cup sweep in your office to be sociable. You might usually play the pokies alone, but share a machine when you go out with family and friends.

Gaming venues may want your business as a gambler, but you can exercise balance and control. Stick to some simple rules such as setting a money or time limit to help you walk away. Problem gambling For some people, gambling is a novelty; an occasional experience that is enjoyed for social entertainment. Gambling should always be seen as only one form of entertainment in a balanced lifestyle.

However, gambling can change and grow without the person noticing how it has become more important. Help is available Many organisations offer support, assistance and counselling for people who have problems with gambling. Depending on the service, the aim is to either control the gambling or abstain altogether. Some organisations also offer support to affected family and friends.

Gambler's Help Gambler's Help is a free service for people who are affected by gambling. There are Gambler's Help services available throughout Victoria that provide: Free, professional, confidential counselling for people for whom gambling is an issue Counselling for the family and friends of people for whom gambling is an issue Financial counselling to help people with gambling-related money problems Advice on self-exclusion programs and other support services Community education to help communities reduce the negative effects of gambling.

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