Pokies Big Winds Windsurfing Sails For Sail

E is for exciting! Rigs without a sweat, takes off and gets going without pumping. This sail boasts the perfect power and acceleration capabilities of the WARP combined with the handling of a NoCam sail.

Jason Polakow and Robby Swift, Windsurfing at Kona winds at Lanes, Maui - with a big west swell

Windsurfing has never been so relaxed and exciting at the same time. The Force FIVE is the latest evolution of the core Naish wave sail design that dates back to the early days of the brand.

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It is the most versatile sail in the range, delivering world championship performance in everything from onshore slop to side-offshore down-the-line surfing conditions. As THE sail for riders who demand instant acceleration, power and control in all conditions, the Force FIVE is also an excellent highwind bump-and-jump sail thanks to its straight line speed and stability Thanks to its smooth twist and wide tuning range, this sail is more forgiving than the Force FIVE, while still retaining plenty of low-end performance and control.

The Force FOUR is the ideal sail for riders looking for a lively and lighter version of the classic, genre-defining 5-batten Force. It is also a The most universal 4-batten wave sail, a true World Cup weapon to work in all conditions around the globe. LEECH and reworked twist pattern is even more stable and balanced now, yet delivering superb power when underpowered.

The favorite sail of wave superhero Victor Fernandez guarantees maximum performance independently of the sailor's weight.

It performs on top level even at Products of Goya Banzai X. Naish Force IV.

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Naish Force V. Naish Force Five. Naish Force Four.

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  1. Boards · Foiling Gear · Goya · Naish · JP Australia · Quatro · Starboard · Used First Timer Packages · Closeouts · Used · Sails · Goya · Naish · North · Sailworks · Complete Rigs · Closeouts · Used. Rig Components. Masts · Booms · Harness Lines · Mast Bases and Extensions · Gadgets · Nuts and Bolts · Closeouts · Used  Missing: pokies.:
    Big Winds Demo sails now on sale! The below sails from Goya, Naish, North and Sailworks were used during the summer either by our lessons or rentals customers, or team riders. The gear is maintained daily by our rental shop, and here in the northwest the gear is not exposed to tropical sun or coinsluckyz.comg: pokies. Used Sails. Every year we put our entire rental fleet on sale, both boards and sails. Big Winds. P: E: bigwinds@coinsluckyz.com Front Street Hood River, Oregon Connect  Missing: pokies. Windsurfing Sails Closeouts at Big Winds. Was: $ Sale: $$ Availability: In Stock. Item #: goya-sailsbanzai -. Quick View · Goya Banzai X. Was: $ Sale: $$ Availability: In Stock. Item #: goya-sailsbanzai-x -. Quick View · Naish Force coinsluckyz.comg: pokies.
  2. David Ezzy developed the Endo-Batten for windsurfing sails in to achieve a symmetrical profile and help batten rotation. Sail profile can be achieved The problem with sails shaped with ONLY this method is that in strong winds, the mast bends more, which removes the shape from the front of the sail. Sewing panels.:
    Story PETER HART. // Bigger, better wave boards and lighter, more powerful rigs have brought wave sailing to a wider audience and away from the gales. Harty having more fun that is strictly necessary on his favourite 92 twin in just 15 knots of wind. Photo Danielle of GetWindsurfing. 88 NOVEMBER DECEMBER While windsurfing is possible under a wide range of wind conditions, most recreational windsurfers prefer to sail in conditions that allow for consistent planing with multi-purpose, not overly specialized, free-ride equipment. Larger ( to liters) free-ride boards are capable of. Windsurfing at Big Winds. NOW ON SALE: WORLD'S LARGEST WINDSURF BOARD DEMO FLEET JP Australia Windsurf Boards Missing: pokies magazine. Big Winds Windsurf Center. At The Hook. Email for: Rentals and Lessons. Phone: or Our windsurfing Lessons and Rentals coinsluckyz.com: pokies magazine.

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Cambered sails have 1—5 camber inducers - plastic devices at the ends of battens which cup against the mast. They help create a rigid aerofoil shape for faster speed and stability, but at the cost of maneuverability and how light the sail feels. The trend is that racier sails have camber inducers while wave sails and most recreational sails do not. The rigidity of the sail is also determined by a number of battens. Beginners' sails often do not have battens , so they are lighter and easier to use in light winds.

However, as the sailor improves, a battened sail will provide greater stability in stronger winds. Rotational sails have battens which protrude beyond the back aspect of the mast. They flip or "rotate" to the other side of the mast when tacking or jibing, hence the rotation in the name. Rotational sails have an aerofoil shape on the leeward side when powered, but are nearly flat when sheeted out unpowered.

In comparison with cambered sails, rotational designs offer less power and stability when sailing straight, but are easier to handle when maneuvering. Rotational sails are usually lighter and easier to rig. A windsurfing sail is tensioned at two points: There is a set of pulleys for downhauling at the tack, and a grommet at the clew. Most shape is given to the sail by applying a very strong downhaul, which by design bends the mast.

The outhaul tension is relatively weak, mostly providing leverage for controlling the sail's angle of attack. The sail is tuned by adjusting the downhaul and the outhaul tension. Generally, a sail is trimmed more flatter shape for stronger winds. More downhaul tension loosens the upper part of the leech, allowing the top of the sail to twist and "spill" wind during gusts, shifting the center of effort strictly, the center of pressure down.

Releasing downhaul tension shifts the center of effort up. The disciplines of windsurfing wave, freestyle, freeride require different sails. Wave sails are reinforced to survive the surf, and are nearly flat when depowered to allow riding waves. Freestyle sails are also flat when depowered, and have high low-end power to allow quick acceleration. Freeride sails are all-rounders that are comfortable to use and are meant for recreational windsurfing.

Race sails provide speed at the expense of qualities like comfort or maneuverability. Learning sails for children can be as small as 0. A sailboard will move, depending on wind conditions and the skill or intentions of the rider, in two entirely different manners, with two different displacements ; it will either sail or hydroplane referred to as " planing ". A sensation likened to low-level flying may be experienced by the hydroplaning windsurfer.

The board moves through the water — much like a sailing boat does — using an extendable centreboard if available and fin or skeg for stability and lateral resistance. The centreboard is retracted at broad points of sail , again similarly to a sailing boat, to allow for jibing control. In these conditions windsurf boards also tack and jibe like a sailing boat.

Directional Control is achieved by moving the rig either forward turning away from the wind or aft turning towards the wind. When jibing, the clew of the sail is let around and allowed to rotate out and around the mast. In planing conditions a harness is typically worn to more efficiently use the rider's weight to counter the force in the sail.

As the wind increases, the rider continues to sheet the sail, the fin generates more lift, and the board gains speed, transitioning onto a plane. The volume of board in the water displacement decreases, and the rider moves rearward, stepping into the footstraps for improved control. When planing, the board skims on the surface rather than displacing water as it moves. Planing can be achieved at different wind speeds depending on the rider's weight, sail and fin size, wave conditions, and rider ability.

With modern equipment planing can normally be achieved at a wind speed of around 12 knots. The transition from displacement motion to planing requires a jump in energy, but once planing, water resistance decreases dramatically. This means that it is possible to continue to plane, although the wind has dropped below a level that would be required to transition to plane.

A board in plane can be much smaller than a board moving by displacement thereby gaining an advantage in gear weight and board control. Lateral resistance to the wind is provided by the fin alone generating more lift at higher speeds and a centreboard is no longer used smaller boards do not have one.

A fin generates lift, transferring a strong load to the board, and so is usually constructed of carbon fiber for accurate shape and strength. A low-pressure area develops on the windward side of the fin, which can lead to cavitation , leading to a sudden loss of lift, called "spin-out" equivalent to "stalling" in flight terminology.

Ideal planing conditions for most recreational riders is 15—25 knots of wind, but experts can windsurf in much windier conditions. Planing is considered one of the most exhilarating aspects of the sport. Directional Control is mainly achieved by putting rider weight pressure on either the left or the right rail edge of the board.

Jibing is done at full speed a so-called "carve jibe", "power jibe" or "planing jibe" , whereby the rider continues to apply pressure on the inside rail of the turn, leaning into the turn much like a snowboarder making a toe-side turn. Pressure is released from the sail as the board speed turns downwind, allowing for the sail to be jibed. Tacking is still possible, but at these conditions has become an advanced maneuver, because it requires quick movements and good balance.

A heel-side turn while planing called a "cut-back" is usually only executed in wave riding. In strong winds it is difficult to uphaul the sail pulling it out of the water while standing on the board so waterstarting is necessary. This is done while water treading by positioning the mast perpendicular to the wind, lifting the luff out of the water to allow the wind to catch the sail, and then having the sail pull the sailor onto the board.

As the sail becomes powered, it is then trimmed to bring the rider, board, and sail back onto a plane. Occasionally a rider may be unable to waterstart if the wind has dropped.

If this happens the rider can wait for a gust and " pump " the sail to get back on the board. If this becomes hopeless uphauling the sail will be necessary. Beginners, starting off on a large board with a tiny triangular sail in less than 5 knots of wind on a shallow lake, often struggle to see the similarity between what they are doing and the images they see in magazines of advanced riders using a 2. But with good instruction windsurfing can be picked up rather quickly, not unlike other extreme sports like Kitesurfing, or Snowboarding.

Beginners must develop their balance and core stability, acquire a basic understanding of sailing theory, and learn a few techniques before they can progress from sailing to planing. These techniques involve a similar process to that required to learn to ride a bicycle — the development of muscle-memory automatic reactions:. Standing on the board while holding the sail and balancing the weight of the sail leaning to one side with the sailor's weight leaning out on the other side.

Learning to adjust the amount of pressure in the sail while simultaneously counteracting that pressure by leaning the sailor's body in or out from the board. Initial lessons can be taken with a windsurfing school, which exist in reasonable numbers in most countries. With coaching and favorable conditions, the basic skills of sailing, steering, and turning can be learned within a few hours. Competence in the sport and mastery of more advanced maneuvers such as planing, carve gybing turning downwind at speed , water starting, jumping, and more advanced moves can require more practice.

Training DVDs exist which are useful in a sport where it is difficult for a coach to be close to a pupil particularly when learning the more advanced maneuvers. Nevertheless, windsurfing is a sport which, once mastered, can be enjoyed, even at an advanced level, well into retirement and then at a more sedate level for considerably longer still. Powerful fans propel the boards along the pool.

The competitions held include slalom style races, jumping competitions and more. Freestyle and Wave are judged competitions, the sailor with best technique and diversity wins.

Olympic Boardsailing, Formula windsurfing, Slalom and SuperX are races where many sailors compete on a course, and Speed Racing is a race where sailors compete on a straight m course in turns.

Windsurfing led to the development of scoring programs on early portable computers. Because windsurfing regattas were drawing a large number of competitors at remote locations, Windsurfing International sponsored the development of software running on portable computers to score regattas, starting with the World Championships in the Bahamas. Sailboarding has been one of the Olympic sailing events at the Summer Olympics since for men and for women.

Olympic Windsurfing uses 'One Design' boards, with all sailors using the same boards, daggerboards , fins and sails. The equipment is chosen to allow racing in a wide range of sailing conditions. This is important for the Olympic Games , as events have to take place regardless of whether there is enough wind for planing.

X was used for the first time in the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics. However, in May the International Sailing Federation voted windsurfing out of the list of the Olympic sailing disciplines for the Games in favour of kitesurfing.

The decision to replace windsurfing with kiteboarding was reversed by the ISAF general assembly in November Formula windsurfing has developed over the last 15 years in order to facilitate high-performance competition in light and moderate winds. Formula is now a class of windsurfing boards controlled by the International Sailing Federation that has the principal characteristic of a maximum 1m width.

Class rules allow sailors to choose boards produced by multiple manufacturers, as long as they are certified as Formula boards and registered with ISAF, and use fins and sails of different sizes. With the sail, fin and board choices, the equipment is able to be tailored to suit sailors of all body shapes and formula windsurfing presents one of the fastest course-racing sailing craft on the water.

Formula Windsurfing is popular in many locations around the globe with predominantly light winds and flat water. Large sails in combination with the 'wide-style' design allow planing in very low wind conditions as well as control and usability in high winds and bigger sea conditions.

Non-planing sailing is very difficult with this design and racing is only conducted with a strict 7 knot wind minimum in place. Formula boards are used on "flat water" as opposed to coastal surf, but racing is still held in windy conditions involving swell and chop.

Formula boards have excellent upwind and downwind ability, but are not as comfortable on a beam reach unless fin sizes are reduced.

This explains why the course is usually a box with longer upwind and downwind legs, or just a simple upwind-downwind return course. Raceboards are longer windsurf boards with a daggerboard and movable mast rail allowing the sailor to be efficient on all points of sail. Excellent upwind ability is combined with good reaching and even downwind ability typically sailed in an Olympic triangle course.

Whilst in decline in manufacture since the advent of shortboard course racing which evolved into Formula there remains some models in production and most notably the IMCO One Design remains popular amongst amateur racing clubs. Slalom boards are small and narrow, and require high winds. Funboard class racing rules require the wind of 9—35 knots for the slalom event to take place. Competitors compete to see who can record the highest jump or maneuver.

A 3D accelerometer is worn to measure and record heights of the jumps. Xensr is a manufacture of 3D accelerometers and promoter of the Big Air competition. It is a popular discipline in Hood river, USA. This discipline is a cross between freestyle and slalom. Competitors race on a short downwind slalom course, must duck jibe on all turns, and are required to perform several tricks along the way. Competitors are required to wear protective equipment.

The Super X discipline was short lived and is now largely unpracticed; it reached its peak in the early s,.

Speedsailing takes place in several forms. The events are made up of heats sailed on a m course. The average of each sailor's best 2 speeds on the m course, which is typically open for 2 hours per heat, is their speed for that heat. As such it is possible for the sailor with the outright fastest time not to win the heat if his second best time pulls his average down.

Points are given for the placings in the heats and the overall event winner is the sailor with the best point score again not necessarily the fastest sailor.

Likewise points are given for places in the events and at the last event a World Speedsurfing Champion is crowned. The current m record for Windsurfers is held by French windsurfer Antoine Albeau. With the advent of cheap and small GPS units and the website www. Freestyle is a timed event which is judged. The competitor who has the greatest repertoire, or manages to complete most stunts, wins. Freestyle is about show and competitors are judged on their creativity.

Both the difficulty and the number of tricks make up the final score. Sailors who perform tricks on both tacks port and starboard , and perform the tricks fully planing score higher marks. The latest freestyle windsurfing has been well documented in the film Four Dimensions. For novice windsurfers, low-wind freestyle tricks are an appropriate start, such as sailing backwards with the fin out of the water, or transitioning from a sailing stance to sitting on the board while continuing to sail.

Bearing some similarities to freestyle, wave sailing has been part of the sport for much longer. Indeed, modern freestyle started off, in essence, as wave sailing without waves. Wave sailing took off during the rapid development of windsurfing on the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Maui. It can be seen as comprising two distinct but related parts, wave riding and wave jumping.

Wave jumping, as with freestyle, involves stunts of varying levels of difficulty which are performed after the rider has jumped from the peak of an unbroken wave having sailed towards the wave, thus using it as a ramp.

These are commonly referred to as aerial moves and include both forward rotation forward loop, cheese roll and backward rotations back-loop, push-loop. Recent innovations have included combining moves whilst airborne i. Wave riding, by contrast, is much closer to surfing in style, and involves the rider performing a series of top turns and cutbacks whilst riding an unbroken wave back to the shore.

Unlike surfing, the rider does not utilise any sections of the wave that have started to barrel — although top wave sailors are able to incorporate aerial moves into their wave riding and will use overhanging lips to launch themselves out in front of the wave as part of this.

These days most top wave sailors spend very little time competing as the type of conditions required massive swells producing clean, well-spaced waves and strong winds blowing cross-offshore are very hard to guarantee months in advance when planning an event. Thus, aside from a few annual events held in locations with consistent wave-sailing conditions like Maui Aloha Classic and Cape Verde [31] which boasts an impressive track record in recent years. World-class wave sailing can also be seen in non-competitive freeriding sessions around the world.

Competition wave sailors thus have to be very adept at performing in sub-optimal conditions often small, messy waves and onshore winds. A typical wave contest will score two jumps going out and two wave rides coming in.

A good heat would consist of a clean forward rotating jump, a backward rotating jump, a long slashy wave ride and a trick on the face of the waves such as a goiter or wave The lack of a guarantee of top class action is often cited as a reason why wave sailing events fail to attract the same level of TV coverage and accompanying corporate activity as other extreme sports despite the stunning visual spectacle and obvious aspirational appeal to key demographics.

Flipped one way and the battens push against the firms sail body, pushed the other way, the battens raise off the sail as they push against the soft pocket material. The symmetry problem is solved with our endobatten design batten pocket. We have eliminated the batten pocket and instead place the batten in the center of a horizontal profile seam. The endobatten produces a perfectly symmetrical sail and saves all the weight of the batten pockets.

Most sails when sitting unloaded have the battens rotated hard around the mast. This is a rotational sail and represents a sail that has most of the profile built in via excess luff curve shaping method.

Over the years, we have discovered that rotational-type sails are wrong. They produce exactly the opposite sail shape that you want. When unloaded or in light wind the lower and middle battens of a rotational sail rotate hard around the mast. Since they do not have much, if any, profile in the sail body they assume a very flat and draft forward profile- not a desirable profile for light air.

Then as the rotational sail gets in more wind, the battens get pulled from beside the mast to behind the mast. The result is more draft in the back of the sail — not a desirable shape for high wind. So, you can see that the rotational sail works in exactly the opposite way it should. It goes from a flat draft forward profile in light air to a deeper draft back profile in stronger wind.

This translates into a sail that jerks you forward in light gusty wind and then gets backhand pressure in the in strong puffs. It would be better to start off in light wind with more profile in the sail, then as the wind increases to have the draft not get any deeper and not move back.

Ezzy Sails are formed with a different design concept than all other windsurfing sails. That means, when you tension the batten, the sail shape comes from the batten taper plus the profile in the seam. The result is a defined, exact, horizontal profile. Our sails are the exact opposite of most other sails that have very little shape in the panels and most of the shape coming from the excess luff curve.

Ezzy sails are built to have very little batten rotation around the mast. When the sail is unloaded, we set the batten behind the mast in about the same place the traditional rotational sail type batten would be when loaded. Now combine this with the Endo-batten profile in the sail body and you have a much more stable profile. Plus you actually get the opposite function of a traditional rotational sail.

In light air the batten is behind the mast and there is more profile back in the panels — good light air shape. Then as the wind increases the batten moves more beside the mast and this has the effect of moving the draft a bit further forward — good high wind profile. There is another added benefit in the non-rotational system, and that is that we are less reliant on mast stiffness, since our profile is not coming so much from excess luff curve, but more from profiled panels.

This means we can use softer masts without loosing profile. And a wider arrange of masts will work. Tuning our sails is very, very different from other sails. If you set our sails like a traditional rotational sail they will feel terrible.

The main difference in rigging is that our sails take quite a bit of positive outhaul tension. The outhaul is needed to pull the battens away from the mast. The wave sail takes as much as 5. Our sails come with a string gauge that makes setting the outhaul very easy. Nowadays all cams are sail driven, which means the batten is in a closed pocket and does not connect directly to the mast. The cam acts as a spacer inside the sleeve.

This kind of system is normally extremely mast diameter specific, which means you are limited to the particular mast designed for that sail. This becomes a real problem if your mast diameter does not match the mast designed for the sail. This is especially a problem if your sail was designed on a standard diameter mast and you want to use a reduced diameter mast. The Ezzy cam is also a sail driven cam, but it fits any mast diameter from a modern reduced diameter to a twenty year old standard diameter mast.

The Ezzy cam has two thin arms that insert into a pocket. The pockets come in ten different lengths, which adjust the space inside the sleeve, keeping the sleeve tight at the camber. Each sail also comes three camber sizes to fit all mast diameters. Our patented Power-On Head system regulates the twist in the head of the sail. It allows us to have a loose head and a tight head all in the same sail. The Power-On Head is a patented self-aligning head twist system.

If the sail needs to twist more it can. All Ezzy sails have a 5. Our sleeves are made up of two vertical curved pieces without any horizontal seams that could come apart. Our tack is reinforced with 12 layers of spectra X-film and two layers of polypropylene webbing. We engineered our exclusive Ezzy pulley to make the sails easier to rig and fine-tune.

The pulley also has dividers between the pulleys that stop the rope from jumping out. The board texture can really destroy the foot of the sail. We counter this in two ways: Our clews have the best strength to weight ratio. We have no hard edges, or abrupt ending of layers that could cause the clew to blow out.

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Rigs without a sweat, takes off and gets going without pumping. This sail boasts the perfect power and acceleration capabilities of the WARP combined with the handling of a NoCam sail. Windsurfing has never been so relaxed and exciting at the same time.

The Force FIVE is the latest evolution of the core Naish wave sail design that dates back to the early days of the brand.

It is the most versatile sail in the range, delivering world championship performance in everything from onshore slop to side-offshore down-the-line surfing conditions.

As THE sail for riders who demand instant acceleration, power and control in all conditions, the Force FIVE is also an excellent highwind bump-and-jump sail thanks to its straight line speed and stability Thanks to its smooth twist and wide tuning range, this sail is more forgiving than the Force FIVE, while still retaining plenty of low-end performance and control.

Wave sails are reinforced to survive the surf, and are nearly flat when depowered to allow riding waves. Freestyle sails are also flat when depowered, and have high low-end power to allow quick acceleration. Freeride sails are all-rounders that are comfortable to use and are meant for recreational windsurfing. Race sails provide speed at the expense of qualities like comfort or maneuverability.

Learning sails for children can be as small as 0. A sailboard will move, depending on wind conditions and the skill or intentions of the rider, in two entirely different manners, with two different displacements ; it will either sail or hydroplane referred to as " planing ". A sensation likened to low-level flying may be experienced by the hydroplaning windsurfer.

The board moves through the water — much like a sailing boat does — using an extendable centreboard if available and fin or skeg for stability and lateral resistance. The centreboard is retracted at broad points of sail , again similarly to a sailing boat, to allow for jibing control.

In these conditions windsurf boards also tack and jibe like a sailing boat. Directional Control is achieved by moving the rig either forward turning away from the wind or aft turning towards the wind. When jibing, the clew of the sail is let around and allowed to rotate out and around the mast. In planing conditions a harness is typically worn to more efficiently use the rider's weight to counter the force in the sail.

As the wind increases, the rider continues to sheet the sail, the fin generates more lift, and the board gains speed, transitioning onto a plane. The volume of board in the water displacement decreases, and the rider moves rearward, stepping into the footstraps for improved control.

When planing, the board skims on the surface rather than displacing water as it moves. Planing can be achieved at different wind speeds depending on the rider's weight, sail and fin size, wave conditions, and rider ability. With modern equipment planing can normally be achieved at a wind speed of around 12 knots. The transition from displacement motion to planing requires a jump in energy, but once planing, water resistance decreases dramatically.

This means that it is possible to continue to plane, although the wind has dropped below a level that would be required to transition to plane. A board in plane can be much smaller than a board moving by displacement thereby gaining an advantage in gear weight and board control. Lateral resistance to the wind is provided by the fin alone generating more lift at higher speeds and a centreboard is no longer used smaller boards do not have one.

A fin generates lift, transferring a strong load to the board, and so is usually constructed of carbon fiber for accurate shape and strength. A low-pressure area develops on the windward side of the fin, which can lead to cavitation , leading to a sudden loss of lift, called "spin-out" equivalent to "stalling" in flight terminology.

Ideal planing conditions for most recreational riders is 15—25 knots of wind, but experts can windsurf in much windier conditions. Planing is considered one of the most exhilarating aspects of the sport.

Directional Control is mainly achieved by putting rider weight pressure on either the left or the right rail edge of the board.

Jibing is done at full speed a so-called "carve jibe", "power jibe" or "planing jibe" , whereby the rider continues to apply pressure on the inside rail of the turn, leaning into the turn much like a snowboarder making a toe-side turn. Pressure is released from the sail as the board speed turns downwind, allowing for the sail to be jibed. Tacking is still possible, but at these conditions has become an advanced maneuver, because it requires quick movements and good balance.

A heel-side turn while planing called a "cut-back" is usually only executed in wave riding. In strong winds it is difficult to uphaul the sail pulling it out of the water while standing on the board so waterstarting is necessary.

This is done while water treading by positioning the mast perpendicular to the wind, lifting the luff out of the water to allow the wind to catch the sail, and then having the sail pull the sailor onto the board. As the sail becomes powered, it is then trimmed to bring the rider, board, and sail back onto a plane. Occasionally a rider may be unable to waterstart if the wind has dropped. If this happens the rider can wait for a gust and " pump " the sail to get back on the board.

If this becomes hopeless uphauling the sail will be necessary. Beginners, starting off on a large board with a tiny triangular sail in less than 5 knots of wind on a shallow lake, often struggle to see the similarity between what they are doing and the images they see in magazines of advanced riders using a 2.

But with good instruction windsurfing can be picked up rather quickly, not unlike other extreme sports like Kitesurfing, or Snowboarding. Beginners must develop their balance and core stability, acquire a basic understanding of sailing theory, and learn a few techniques before they can progress from sailing to planing. These techniques involve a similar process to that required to learn to ride a bicycle — the development of muscle-memory automatic reactions:.

Standing on the board while holding the sail and balancing the weight of the sail leaning to one side with the sailor's weight leaning out on the other side. Learning to adjust the amount of pressure in the sail while simultaneously counteracting that pressure by leaning the sailor's body in or out from the board. Initial lessons can be taken with a windsurfing school, which exist in reasonable numbers in most countries. With coaching and favorable conditions, the basic skills of sailing, steering, and turning can be learned within a few hours.

Competence in the sport and mastery of more advanced maneuvers such as planing, carve gybing turning downwind at speed , water starting, jumping, and more advanced moves can require more practice. Training DVDs exist which are useful in a sport where it is difficult for a coach to be close to a pupil particularly when learning the more advanced maneuvers.

Nevertheless, windsurfing is a sport which, once mastered, can be enjoyed, even at an advanced level, well into retirement and then at a more sedate level for considerably longer still. Powerful fans propel the boards along the pool. The competitions held include slalom style races, jumping competitions and more.

Freestyle and Wave are judged competitions, the sailor with best technique and diversity wins. Olympic Boardsailing, Formula windsurfing, Slalom and SuperX are races where many sailors compete on a course, and Speed Racing is a race where sailors compete on a straight m course in turns.

Windsurfing led to the development of scoring programs on early portable computers. Because windsurfing regattas were drawing a large number of competitors at remote locations, Windsurfing International sponsored the development of software running on portable computers to score regattas, starting with the World Championships in the Bahamas. Sailboarding has been one of the Olympic sailing events at the Summer Olympics since for men and for women.

Olympic Windsurfing uses 'One Design' boards, with all sailors using the same boards, daggerboards , fins and sails. The equipment is chosen to allow racing in a wide range of sailing conditions. This is important for the Olympic Games , as events have to take place regardless of whether there is enough wind for planing.

X was used for the first time in the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics. However, in May the International Sailing Federation voted windsurfing out of the list of the Olympic sailing disciplines for the Games in favour of kitesurfing. The decision to replace windsurfing with kiteboarding was reversed by the ISAF general assembly in November Formula windsurfing has developed over the last 15 years in order to facilitate high-performance competition in light and moderate winds.

Formula is now a class of windsurfing boards controlled by the International Sailing Federation that has the principal characteristic of a maximum 1m width.

Class rules allow sailors to choose boards produced by multiple manufacturers, as long as they are certified as Formula boards and registered with ISAF, and use fins and sails of different sizes. With the sail, fin and board choices, the equipment is able to be tailored to suit sailors of all body shapes and formula windsurfing presents one of the fastest course-racing sailing craft on the water.

Formula Windsurfing is popular in many locations around the globe with predominantly light winds and flat water. Large sails in combination with the 'wide-style' design allow planing in very low wind conditions as well as control and usability in high winds and bigger sea conditions. Non-planing sailing is very difficult with this design and racing is only conducted with a strict 7 knot wind minimum in place.

Formula boards are used on "flat water" as opposed to coastal surf, but racing is still held in windy conditions involving swell and chop. Formula boards have excellent upwind and downwind ability, but are not as comfortable on a beam reach unless fin sizes are reduced.

This explains why the course is usually a box with longer upwind and downwind legs, or just a simple upwind-downwind return course. Raceboards are longer windsurf boards with a daggerboard and movable mast rail allowing the sailor to be efficient on all points of sail. Excellent upwind ability is combined with good reaching and even downwind ability typically sailed in an Olympic triangle course.

Whilst in decline in manufacture since the advent of shortboard course racing which evolved into Formula there remains some models in production and most notably the IMCO One Design remains popular amongst amateur racing clubs.

Slalom boards are small and narrow, and require high winds. Funboard class racing rules require the wind of 9—35 knots for the slalom event to take place. Competitors compete to see who can record the highest jump or maneuver. A 3D accelerometer is worn to measure and record heights of the jumps.

Xensr is a manufacture of 3D accelerometers and promoter of the Big Air competition. It is a popular discipline in Hood river, USA. This discipline is a cross between freestyle and slalom.

Competitors race on a short downwind slalom course, must duck jibe on all turns, and are required to perform several tricks along the way. Competitors are required to wear protective equipment. The Super X discipline was short lived and is now largely unpracticed; it reached its peak in the early s,.

Speedsailing takes place in several forms. The events are made up of heats sailed on a m course. The average of each sailor's best 2 speeds on the m course, which is typically open for 2 hours per heat, is their speed for that heat.

As such it is possible for the sailor with the outright fastest time not to win the heat if his second best time pulls his average down. Points are given for the placings in the heats and the overall event winner is the sailor with the best point score again not necessarily the fastest sailor. Likewise points are given for places in the events and at the last event a World Speedsurfing Champion is crowned.

Panel shaping can be vertical or horizontal. Horizontal shaping is usually under the battens and is a better shaping method than vertical shaping because it controls the shape from luff to leech.

Battens are used to hold out the roach of the leech and to set the profile in the sail. One problem with traditional full batten sails is that they are asymmetrical because the battens all sit on the same side of the sail.

Flipped one way and the battens push against the firms sail body, pushed the other way, the battens raise off the sail as they push against the soft pocket material. The symmetry problem is solved with our endobatten design batten pocket. We have eliminated the batten pocket and instead place the batten in the center of a horizontal profile seam.

The endobatten produces a perfectly symmetrical sail and saves all the weight of the batten pockets. Most sails when sitting unloaded have the battens rotated hard around the mast.

This is a rotational sail and represents a sail that has most of the profile built in via excess luff curve shaping method. Over the years, we have discovered that rotational-type sails are wrong.

They produce exactly the opposite sail shape that you want. When unloaded or in light wind the lower and middle battens of a rotational sail rotate hard around the mast. Since they do not have much, if any, profile in the sail body they assume a very flat and draft forward profile- not a desirable profile for light air. Then as the rotational sail gets in more wind, the battens get pulled from beside the mast to behind the mast.

The result is more draft in the back of the sail — not a desirable shape for high wind. So, you can see that the rotational sail works in exactly the opposite way it should.

It goes from a flat draft forward profile in light air to a deeper draft back profile in stronger wind.

This translates into a sail that jerks you forward in light gusty wind and then gets backhand pressure in the in strong puffs. It would be better to start off in light wind with more profile in the sail, then as the wind increases to have the draft not get any deeper and not move back. Ezzy Sails are formed with a different design concept than all other windsurfing sails. That means, when you tension the batten, the sail shape comes from the batten taper plus the profile in the seam.

The result is a defined, exact, horizontal profile. Our sails are the exact opposite of most other sails that have very little shape in the panels and most of the shape coming from the excess luff curve. Ezzy sails are built to have very little batten rotation around the mast. When the sail is unloaded, we set the batten behind the mast in about the same place the traditional rotational sail type batten would be when loaded.

Now combine this with the Endo-batten profile in the sail body and you have a much more stable profile. Plus you actually get the opposite function of a traditional rotational sail. In light air the batten is behind the mast and there is more profile back in the panels — good light air shape. Then as the wind increases the batten moves more beside the mast and this has the effect of moving the draft a bit further forward — good high wind profile.

There is another added benefit in the non-rotational system, and that is that we are less reliant on mast stiffness, since our profile is not coming so much from excess luff curve, but more from profiled panels. This means we can use softer masts without loosing profile. And a wider arrange of masts will work. Tuning our sails is very, very different from other sails. If you set our sails like a traditional rotational sail they will feel terrible.

The main difference in rigging is that our sails take quite a bit of positive outhaul tension. The outhaul is needed to pull the battens away from the mast.

The wave sail takes as much as 5.

this

It performs on top level even at Products of Goya Banzai X. Naish Force IV. Naish Force V. Naish Force Five. Naish Force Four. Still developing the idea, Drake's wife met the pregnant Diana Schweitzer, and the two families became good friends through their children. The technical problem was that most boats steer by varying the angle of attack in the water between the centreboard and the rudder , and Drake's question came down to simple operation of how a standing person could control both the power of the sail as well as the direction of the craft.

In , while driving between his home and a contract at the Norton Air Force Base in San Bernardino , Drake had time to reflect on early 17th century based sail ship control.

Rudders then were weak and ineffective, mostly used for trimming course. Hence with multi-masted boats, the sailors would trim the upper sails on the forward and rearwards masts to steer the ship. Dismissing the idea of a design with two upright sails, Drake decided to move the sail by rotation, as moving it linearly would require a mechanical system.

Experimenting with a rotational design which became the concept for the universal joint , whereby the angle of attack of the sail to the board could be varied to allow control of both power and direction. Drake finished the design by using an earlier but for them failed invention of East Coast racing sail, and added a wishbone boom. The early windsurfing boards were made of foam in the garages of Schweitzer and Drake, with the booms, tees and daggerboards handcrafted in teak.

Hoyle sub-contracted the manufacture of the teak items to boat builder Ennals Ives in Taiwan , but the quality and costs of transportation brought other issues. To ensure the quality of the product and handle marketing, in Hoyle and Diana Schweitzer founded the company Windsurfing International in Southern California to manufacture, promote and license a windsurfer design. The jointly owned patent was wholly licensed to Windsurfing International.

The company registered the term "windsurfer" as a trademark at the United States Patent and Trademark Office in , launching the craft as a one-design class. Going one-design was influenced by the success of the Laser and Hobie Cat classes. Each Windsurfer had an identical computer-cut sail, a technology new at that time and pioneered by Ian Bruce and the Laser class. In , Hoyle's computer business collapsed, and he and Diane moved to Newport Beach ; at the same time Drake accepted a two-year assignment to The Pentagon, and moved to Washington DC.

Immediately, Hoyle offered Drake to buy out his half of the patent, and it was only when Hoyle pointed out ownership of the company that the relationship between the pair began to fall apart. Through the seventies, Schweitzer aggressively promoted and licensed the Windsurfing International design and licensed the patent to manufacturers worldwide, mainly through competition and the publication of a magazine.

At the same time, Schweitzer also sought to defend his patent rights vigorously against unauthorized manufacturers. This led to a host of predating windsurfer-like devices being presented to courts around the world by companies disputing Windsurfing International's rights to the invention. Tabur lawyers found prior art, in a local English newspaper which had published a story with a picture about Peter Chilvers , who as a young boy on Hayling Island on the south coast of England, assembled his first board combined with a sail, in This board used a universal joint, one of the key parts of the Windsurfing International's patent.

They also found stories published about the invention of the sailboard by Newman Darby and his wife Naomi in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. In Windsurfing International Inc. It did not incorporate the curved wishbone booms of the modern windsurfer, but rather a "straight boom" that became curved in use.

The courts found that the Schweitzer windsurfer boom was "merely an obvious extension". It is worthy of note that this court case set a significant precedent for patent law in the United Kingdom, in terms of inventive step and non-obviousness ; the court upheld the defendant's claim that the Schweitzer patent was invalid, based on film footage of Chilvers.

Schweitzer then sued the company in Canada, where the opposition team again financially backed by Bic included Chilvers and Jim Drake, and Schweitzer lost again. In , Schweitzer sued Swiss board manufacturer Mistral and lost. Mistral's defense hinged on the work of US inventor Newman Darby , who by conceived the "sailboard": Eventually US courts recognized the Schweitzer windsurfer as an obvious step from Darby's prior art. Shortly thereafter, having lost its license royalty income, Windsurfing International ceased operations.

In , Australian courts determined a patent case: Between the ages of ten and thirteen, from to , aided by his younger brothers, he built around 20 galvanized iron canoes and hill trolleys which he equipped with sails with split bamboo booms. He sailed these in a sitting position and not as a windsurfer standing up, near his home on the Swan River in Perth. The judge noted that, "Mr Eastaugh greatly exaggerated the capacity of his galvanised iron canoes to sail to windward" and that, "There is no corroboration of Mr Eastaugh's experiences by any other witness.

Neither of his brothers or his father was called". Windsurfing International claimed trademark rights with respect to the word "windsurfer". While this was registered in the United States for some years, it was not accepted for registration in many jurisdictions as the word was considered too descriptive.

Registration was ultimately lost in the United States for the same reason. The Schweitzers initially chose the word for its descriptive quality.

Unfortunately they immediately set out diminishing its value by naming their company "Windsurfing International" and even referring to themselves and their own children as "windsurfers". As the word was rejected as registrable in a number of countries, lawyers advised that to be successful the word would have to be used as a proper adjective.

They realised that this required a number of generic nouns to which the adjective would apply: The rearguard action was ultimately unsuccessful and arguably created considerable confusion which hampered marketing efforts in later years. While the numerous patent and trademark disputes have left an unfortunate legacy, the fact is that these disputes did not occur until well after Windsurfing International, its licensees, class associations, retailers, schools and owners had built the sport to a successful commercial basis.

That success brought imitation and then legal disputes. The launch phase saw a comprehensive development of infrastructure for a new sport and dramatic sales growth. In the s and s, windsurfers were classified as either shortboards or longboards. Longboards were usually longer than 3 meters, with a retractable daggerboard , and were optimized for lighter winds or course racing. Shortboards were less than 3 meters long and were designed for planing conditions. However, this classification by length has become obsolete, as new techniques, designs, and materials have taken the sport in new directions.

Most modern windsurfers s and later are derived from the shortboard design, and are intended to be used ideally in planing mode, where the board is mostly skipping over the surface of the water, rather than cutting through and displacing the water. Planing is faster and gives more maneuverability, but requires a different technique from the displacement mode which is also referred to as slogging or schlogging.

Generally smaller boards and smaller sails are used as the wind increases. While windsurfing is possible under a wide range of wind conditions, most recreational windsurfers prefer to sail in conditions that allow for consistent planing with multi-purpose, not overly specialized, free-ride equipment.

Larger to liters free-ride boards are capable of planing at wind speeds as low as 12 knots if rigged with an adequate, well-tuned sail in the six to eight square meter range. The pursuit of planing in lower winds has driven the popularity of wider and shorter boards, with which planing is possible in wind as low as 8 knots, if sails in the 10 to 12 square meter range are used.

There are many attempts to bridge the gap between any two of these categories, such as freestyle-wave, freeformula, and so on. These attempts are often successful in their own right, but every shape has its specific strong points and disadvantages. In short, a board with a lot of scoop, rocker or tailkick will turn more easily and respond to footsteering, but top speed and upwind performance will suffer. A board with a straight mid- and aft waterline will plane earlier, thus giving good upwind performance, but will not footsteer without the sailor actively shifting weight.

In a Norwegian inventor Sundin Gjessing patented a prototype board which changes its tail shape with a footswitch - an attempt to combine speed and turning ability into one hull. The board has not been put into production. The original Windsurfer board had a body made out of polyethylene filled with PVC foam. Later, hollow glass-reinforced epoxy designs were used. Most boards produced today have an expanded polystyrene foam core reinforced with a composite sandwich shell, that can include carbon fiber , kevlar , or fiberglass in a matrix of epoxy and sometimes plywood and thermoplastics.

Such boards are very stiff, and veneer is sometimes used to make them more shock-resistant. Modern windsurfing sail s are often made of monofilm clear polyester film , dacron woven polyester and mylar.

Areas under high load may be reinforced with kevlar. Two designs of a sail are predominant: Cambered sails have 1—5 camber inducers - plastic devices at the ends of battens which cup against the mast. They help create a rigid aerofoil shape for faster speed and stability, but at the cost of maneuverability and how light the sail feels. The trend is that racier sails have camber inducers while wave sails and most recreational sails do not.

The rigidity of the sail is also determined by a number of battens. Beginners' sails often do not have battens , so they are lighter and easier to use in light winds. However, as the sailor improves, a battened sail will provide greater stability in stronger winds.

Rotational sails have battens which protrude beyond the back aspect of the mast. They flip or "rotate" to the other side of the mast when tacking or jibing, hence the rotation in the name. Rotational sails have an aerofoil shape on the leeward side when powered, but are nearly flat when sheeted out unpowered. In comparison with cambered sails, rotational designs offer less power and stability when sailing straight, but are easier to handle when maneuvering.

Rotational sails are usually lighter and easier to rig. A windsurfing sail is tensioned at two points: There is a set of pulleys for downhauling at the tack, and a grommet at the clew.

Most shape is given to the sail by applying a very strong downhaul, which by design bends the mast. The outhaul tension is relatively weak, mostly providing leverage for controlling the sail's angle of attack. The sail is tuned by adjusting the downhaul and the outhaul tension. Generally, a sail is trimmed more flatter shape for stronger winds. More downhaul tension loosens the upper part of the leech, allowing the top of the sail to twist and "spill" wind during gusts, shifting the center of effort strictly, the center of pressure down.

Releasing downhaul tension shifts the center of effort up. This translates into a sail that jerks you forward in light gusty wind and then gets backhand pressure in the in strong puffs. It would be better to start off in light wind with more profile in the sail, then as the wind increases to have the draft not get any deeper and not move back.

Ezzy Sails are formed with a different design concept than all other windsurfing sails. That means, when you tension the batten, the sail shape comes from the batten taper plus the profile in the seam. The result is a defined, exact, horizontal profile. Our sails are the exact opposite of most other sails that have very little shape in the panels and most of the shape coming from the excess luff curve. Ezzy sails are built to have very little batten rotation around the mast.

When the sail is unloaded, we set the batten behind the mast in about the same place the traditional rotational sail type batten would be when loaded. Now combine this with the Endo-batten profile in the sail body and you have a much more stable profile. Plus you actually get the opposite function of a traditional rotational sail.

In light air the batten is behind the mast and there is more profile back in the panels — good light air shape. Then as the wind increases the batten moves more beside the mast and this has the effect of moving the draft a bit further forward — good high wind profile. There is another added benefit in the non-rotational system, and that is that we are less reliant on mast stiffness, since our profile is not coming so much from excess luff curve, but more from profiled panels.

This means we can use softer masts without loosing profile. And a wider arrange of masts will work. Tuning our sails is very, very different from other sails. If you set our sails like a traditional rotational sail they will feel terrible. The main difference in rigging is that our sails take quite a bit of positive outhaul tension.

The outhaul is needed to pull the battens away from the mast. The wave sail takes as much as 5. Our sails come with a string gauge that makes setting the outhaul very easy. Nowadays all cams are sail driven, which means the batten is in a closed pocket and does not connect directly to the mast.

The cam acts as a spacer inside the sleeve. This kind of system is normally extremely mast diameter specific, which means you are limited to the particular mast designed for that sail. This becomes a real problem if your mast diameter does not match the mast designed for the sail. This is especially a problem if your sail was designed on a standard diameter mast and you want to use a reduced diameter mast.

The Ezzy cam is also a sail driven cam, but it fits any mast diameter from a modern reduced diameter to a twenty year old standard diameter mast. The Ezzy cam has two thin arms that insert into a pocket.

The pockets come in ten different lengths, which adjust the space inside the sleeve, keeping the sleeve tight at the camber. Each sail also comes three camber sizes to fit all mast diameters. Our patented Power-On Head system regulates the twist in the head of the sail. It allows us to have a loose head and a tight head all in the same sail. The Power-On Head is a patented self-aligning head twist system. If the sail needs to twist more it can.

All Ezzy sails have a 5. Our sleeves are made up of two vertical curved pieces without any horizontal seams that could come apart. Our tack is reinforced with 12 layers of spectra X-film and two layers of polypropylene webbing.

We engineered our exclusive Ezzy pulley to make the sails easier to rig and fine-tune.

and obstacles that create

The favorite sail of wave superhero Victor Fernandez guarantees maximum performance independently of the sailor's weight. It performs on top level even at Products of Goya Banzai X. Naish Force IV. Naish Force V. Naish Force Five.

With modern equipment planing can normally be achieved at a wind speed of around 12 knots. The transition from displacement motion to planing requires a jump in energy, but once planing, water resistance decreases dramatically.

This means that it is possible to continue to plane, although the wind has dropped below a level that would be required to transition to plane. A board in plane can be much smaller than a board moving by displacement thereby gaining an advantage in gear weight and board control.

Lateral resistance to the wind is provided by the fin alone generating more lift at higher speeds and a centreboard is no longer used smaller boards do not have one. A fin generates lift, transferring a strong load to the board, and so is usually constructed of carbon fiber for accurate shape and strength. A low-pressure area develops on the windward side of the fin, which can lead to cavitation , leading to a sudden loss of lift, called "spin-out" equivalent to "stalling" in flight terminology.

Ideal planing conditions for most recreational riders is 15—25 knots of wind, but experts can windsurf in much windier conditions. Planing is considered one of the most exhilarating aspects of the sport.

Directional Control is mainly achieved by putting rider weight pressure on either the left or the right rail edge of the board. Jibing is done at full speed a so-called "carve jibe", "power jibe" or "planing jibe" , whereby the rider continues to apply pressure on the inside rail of the turn, leaning into the turn much like a snowboarder making a toe-side turn.

Pressure is released from the sail as the board speed turns downwind, allowing for the sail to be jibed. Tacking is still possible, but at these conditions has become an advanced maneuver, because it requires quick movements and good balance.

A heel-side turn while planing called a "cut-back" is usually only executed in wave riding. In strong winds it is difficult to uphaul the sail pulling it out of the water while standing on the board so waterstarting is necessary. This is done while water treading by positioning the mast perpendicular to the wind, lifting the luff out of the water to allow the wind to catch the sail, and then having the sail pull the sailor onto the board.

As the sail becomes powered, it is then trimmed to bring the rider, board, and sail back onto a plane. Occasionally a rider may be unable to waterstart if the wind has dropped. If this happens the rider can wait for a gust and " pump " the sail to get back on the board. If this becomes hopeless uphauling the sail will be necessary. Beginners, starting off on a large board with a tiny triangular sail in less than 5 knots of wind on a shallow lake, often struggle to see the similarity between what they are doing and the images they see in magazines of advanced riders using a 2.

But with good instruction windsurfing can be picked up rather quickly, not unlike other extreme sports like Kitesurfing, or Snowboarding. Beginners must develop their balance and core stability, acquire a basic understanding of sailing theory, and learn a few techniques before they can progress from sailing to planing. These techniques involve a similar process to that required to learn to ride a bicycle — the development of muscle-memory automatic reactions:.

Standing on the board while holding the sail and balancing the weight of the sail leaning to one side with the sailor's weight leaning out on the other side.

Learning to adjust the amount of pressure in the sail while simultaneously counteracting that pressure by leaning the sailor's body in or out from the board. Initial lessons can be taken with a windsurfing school, which exist in reasonable numbers in most countries. With coaching and favorable conditions, the basic skills of sailing, steering, and turning can be learned within a few hours.

Competence in the sport and mastery of more advanced maneuvers such as planing, carve gybing turning downwind at speed , water starting, jumping, and more advanced moves can require more practice. Training DVDs exist which are useful in a sport where it is difficult for a coach to be close to a pupil particularly when learning the more advanced maneuvers. Nevertheless, windsurfing is a sport which, once mastered, can be enjoyed, even at an advanced level, well into retirement and then at a more sedate level for considerably longer still.

Powerful fans propel the boards along the pool. The competitions held include slalom style races, jumping competitions and more. Freestyle and Wave are judged competitions, the sailor with best technique and diversity wins. Olympic Boardsailing, Formula windsurfing, Slalom and SuperX are races where many sailors compete on a course, and Speed Racing is a race where sailors compete on a straight m course in turns.

Windsurfing led to the development of scoring programs on early portable computers. Because windsurfing regattas were drawing a large number of competitors at remote locations, Windsurfing International sponsored the development of software running on portable computers to score regattas, starting with the World Championships in the Bahamas.

Sailboarding has been one of the Olympic sailing events at the Summer Olympics since for men and for women. Olympic Windsurfing uses 'One Design' boards, with all sailors using the same boards, daggerboards , fins and sails.

The equipment is chosen to allow racing in a wide range of sailing conditions. This is important for the Olympic Games , as events have to take place regardless of whether there is enough wind for planing. X was used for the first time in the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics. However, in May the International Sailing Federation voted windsurfing out of the list of the Olympic sailing disciplines for the Games in favour of kitesurfing. The decision to replace windsurfing with kiteboarding was reversed by the ISAF general assembly in November Formula windsurfing has developed over the last 15 years in order to facilitate high-performance competition in light and moderate winds.

Formula is now a class of windsurfing boards controlled by the International Sailing Federation that has the principal characteristic of a maximum 1m width.

Class rules allow sailors to choose boards produced by multiple manufacturers, as long as they are certified as Formula boards and registered with ISAF, and use fins and sails of different sizes. With the sail, fin and board choices, the equipment is able to be tailored to suit sailors of all body shapes and formula windsurfing presents one of the fastest course-racing sailing craft on the water. Formula Windsurfing is popular in many locations around the globe with predominantly light winds and flat water.

Large sails in combination with the 'wide-style' design allow planing in very low wind conditions as well as control and usability in high winds and bigger sea conditions. Non-planing sailing is very difficult with this design and racing is only conducted with a strict 7 knot wind minimum in place. Formula boards are used on "flat water" as opposed to coastal surf, but racing is still held in windy conditions involving swell and chop.

Formula boards have excellent upwind and downwind ability, but are not as comfortable on a beam reach unless fin sizes are reduced. This explains why the course is usually a box with longer upwind and downwind legs, or just a simple upwind-downwind return course.

Raceboards are longer windsurf boards with a daggerboard and movable mast rail allowing the sailor to be efficient on all points of sail. Excellent upwind ability is combined with good reaching and even downwind ability typically sailed in an Olympic triangle course. Whilst in decline in manufacture since the advent of shortboard course racing which evolved into Formula there remains some models in production and most notably the IMCO One Design remains popular amongst amateur racing clubs.

Slalom boards are small and narrow, and require high winds. Funboard class racing rules require the wind of 9—35 knots for the slalom event to take place. Competitors compete to see who can record the highest jump or maneuver. A 3D accelerometer is worn to measure and record heights of the jumps. Xensr is a manufacture of 3D accelerometers and promoter of the Big Air competition.

It is a popular discipline in Hood river, USA. This discipline is a cross between freestyle and slalom. Competitors race on a short downwind slalom course, must duck jibe on all turns, and are required to perform several tricks along the way. Competitors are required to wear protective equipment.

The Super X discipline was short lived and is now largely unpracticed; it reached its peak in the early s,. Speedsailing takes place in several forms. The events are made up of heats sailed on a m course. The average of each sailor's best 2 speeds on the m course, which is typically open for 2 hours per heat, is their speed for that heat.

As such it is possible for the sailor with the outright fastest time not to win the heat if his second best time pulls his average down. Points are given for the placings in the heats and the overall event winner is the sailor with the best point score again not necessarily the fastest sailor. Likewise points are given for places in the events and at the last event a World Speedsurfing Champion is crowned. The current m record for Windsurfers is held by French windsurfer Antoine Albeau. With the advent of cheap and small GPS units and the website www.

Freestyle is a timed event which is judged. The competitor who has the greatest repertoire, or manages to complete most stunts, wins. Freestyle is about show and competitors are judged on their creativity.

Both the difficulty and the number of tricks make up the final score. Sailors who perform tricks on both tacks port and starboard , and perform the tricks fully planing score higher marks. The latest freestyle windsurfing has been well documented in the film Four Dimensions. For novice windsurfers, low-wind freestyle tricks are an appropriate start, such as sailing backwards with the fin out of the water, or transitioning from a sailing stance to sitting on the board while continuing to sail.

Bearing some similarities to freestyle, wave sailing has been part of the sport for much longer. Indeed, modern freestyle started off, in essence, as wave sailing without waves. Wave sailing took off during the rapid development of windsurfing on the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Maui. It can be seen as comprising two distinct but related parts, wave riding and wave jumping. Wave jumping, as with freestyle, involves stunts of varying levels of difficulty which are performed after the rider has jumped from the peak of an unbroken wave having sailed towards the wave, thus using it as a ramp.

These are commonly referred to as aerial moves and include both forward rotation forward loop, cheese roll and backward rotations back-loop, push-loop. Recent innovations have included combining moves whilst airborne i. Wave riding, by contrast, is much closer to surfing in style, and involves the rider performing a series of top turns and cutbacks whilst riding an unbroken wave back to the shore.

Flipped one way and the battens push against the firms sail body, pushed the other way, the battens raise off the sail as they push against the soft pocket material. The symmetry problem is solved with our endobatten design batten pocket.

We have eliminated the batten pocket and instead place the batten in the center of a horizontal profile seam. The endobatten produces a perfectly symmetrical sail and saves all the weight of the batten pockets.

Most sails when sitting unloaded have the battens rotated hard around the mast. This is a rotational sail and represents a sail that has most of the profile built in via excess luff curve shaping method. Over the years, we have discovered that rotational-type sails are wrong. They produce exactly the opposite sail shape that you want. When unloaded or in light wind the lower and middle battens of a rotational sail rotate hard around the mast.

Since they do not have much, if any, profile in the sail body they assume a very flat and draft forward profile- not a desirable profile for light air.

Then as the rotational sail gets in more wind, the battens get pulled from beside the mast to behind the mast. The result is more draft in the back of the sail — not a desirable shape for high wind.

So, you can see that the rotational sail works in exactly the opposite way it should. It goes from a flat draft forward profile in light air to a deeper draft back profile in stronger wind. This translates into a sail that jerks you forward in light gusty wind and then gets backhand pressure in the in strong puffs.

It would be better to start off in light wind with more profile in the sail, then as the wind increases to have the draft not get any deeper and not move back. Ezzy Sails are formed with a different design concept than all other windsurfing sails. That means, when you tension the batten, the sail shape comes from the batten taper plus the profile in the seam.

The result is a defined, exact, horizontal profile. Our sails are the exact opposite of most other sails that have very little shape in the panels and most of the shape coming from the excess luff curve. Ezzy sails are built to have very little batten rotation around the mast. When the sail is unloaded, we set the batten behind the mast in about the same place the traditional rotational sail type batten would be when loaded. Now combine this with the Endo-batten profile in the sail body and you have a much more stable profile.

Plus you actually get the opposite function of a traditional rotational sail. In light air the batten is behind the mast and there is more profile back in the panels — good light air shape. Then as the wind increases the batten moves more beside the mast and this has the effect of moving the draft a bit further forward — good high wind profile. There is another added benefit in the non-rotational system, and that is that we are less reliant on mast stiffness, since our profile is not coming so much from excess luff curve, but more from profiled panels.

This means we can use softer masts without loosing profile. And a wider arrange of masts will work. Tuning our sails is very, very different from other sails. If you set our sails like a traditional rotational sail they will feel terrible. The main difference in rigging is that our sails take quite a bit of positive outhaul tension.

The outhaul is needed to pull the battens away from the mast. The wave sail takes as much as 5. Our sails come with a string gauge that makes setting the outhaul very easy.

Nowadays all cams are sail driven, which means the batten is in a closed pocket and does not connect directly to the mast. The cam acts as a spacer inside the sleeve. This kind of system is normally extremely mast diameter specific, which means you are limited to the particular mast designed for that sail.

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