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This article is available in: Journal Information Journal ID publisher-id: December Publisher Id: Abstract Gambling behaviours and health promotion strategies Pokies Win Nz Xtra Mail address problem gambling are becoming increasingly important in Aotearoa-New Zealand, as in other parts of the world.

Successful health promotion strategies are underpinned by contextual knowledge around the issue in question. Women who were interested in being part of the project contacted the researcher directly. Additional interviews are still in progress.

The paper presents some preliminary findings of content from the interviews so far. Moreover, most of the studies documented have focused more on problem or pathological gambling and relate to male samples.

Abbott suggests that the position is similar for most indigenous women worldwide, that gambling behaviours have increased rapidly over the past decade Abbott, The primary objective was to determine the patterns of co-consumption and provide information to the women to perhaps provide some context for their gambling.

Unfortunately this project did not eventuate due to preliminary difficulties. Poverty had been a feature in the lives of most of the women interviewed for this study. Gambling was often seen as a way to supplement income and improve their financial status. Market rentals have made it impossible for many women, especially solo mothers, to be able to provide decent non-crowded homes for their families.

In Auckland rents rose from between 25 to 40 percent in the last two years Ministry of Women's Affairs, An examination of the international gambling literature draws the same conclusion Hunter, ; Abbott, That is, low income i. Again, it is indigenous women who do not fair well in regards to income. With reference to income and socio-economic status the women often talked about never being dependent on other people and being able to live a comfortable life.

I am going to win big…and never have to work again…never have to be on the benefit again. A similar trend was noted for most of the women in this study.

That is, the primary motive of overcoming their current lower socio-economic status was indeed their reason for playing on the pokie machines.

They identify how the illuminated jackpot signs at pokie venues lure and insinuate easy access to instant wealth. Furthermore, vigorous advertising by casinos promising to eliminate the current lack of income or low income is indeed very appealing:.

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I got hooked and then when I saw how big the jackpots were, well it just got more exciting and worthwhile.

I kept thinking that I would Pokies Win Nz Xtra Mail the jackpot and I would never have to work again. This reality needs to be examined in more detail. Over the past 10 or so years what women uniquely do—either because of biology or tradition—has been viewed as of less worth because it is unpaid and because women do not operate by the market's rules of maximising their own self-interest. As no income or profit is involved, it is not viewed as productive to give birth and raise children.

The effect of this on women has been very detrimental. Women's organisations have worked hard over many years to gain social support for women and recognition in social and economic policy of the different reality of women's lives.

The social welfare state suited women because they are much more dependent on the social wage and the benefits of Pokies Online Australian Pharmacy Registration welfare state than on wages earned in the labour market.

However, much of this has been swiftly eradicated in the past few years. Despite continuous rhetoric about traditional family values, the family has been severely undermined by recent government policies. Solo mothers have suffered benefit cuts, and despite ratifying the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, New Zealand exempted itself from the requirement to provide paid parental leave. This means that many women with newborns are forced back to work earlier than they want.

Low wages and job insecurity also force mothers back to work to hold onto jobs or keep their careers on stream. Alternatively, they delay their first child until their late thirties or early forties, when their fertility is reduced, thereby increasing the risk of breast cancer through late motherhood, and leading to exhaustion from trying to raise boisterous young children during mid-life.

Low wages mean that both parents need to be in the paid workforce. The biggest change in women's workforce participation has been the entry of women from two-parent families into paid work. Twenty-seven percent of women with children under one year of age and 45 percent of those with children aged one to four years now work. Gambling services are no different. The Women's Health Strategy advocates for a gendered approach to health policy and has women working within the District Health Boards who work with these issues.

Imagine what it would be like to live a day in the life of a movie star—this for most people living ordinary lives would be like entering another world; to always have a guaranteed high income and the recognition that goes with high socio-economic status.

As well, there would be more positive social relationships and support networks. There is also a degree of glamour and the ability to access services that allows one to manage stress.

Wouldn't we all like to live this life? The following are some quotes from the study participants that fall under the categories of income, social status, positive social relationships, glamour, and stress management. I just want to be like the other people in there that are winning big money.

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For example, with the anti-smoking legislation it could be argued that one needs to be rich to smoke due to the high price of cigarettesbut smoking remains a staple lower-socio-economic comfort Glover, It has been widely theorised that the measure of a people's success in any society is material wealth. Moreover, have not smoking, drinking, and gambling been perpetuated by advertisers as high social status indicators?

Furthermore, the women could hope to experience a lifestyle that they had never known before. Material assets mark the quality of success in any society. This materialistic accumulation of commodities informs people of their success in society. Further, it provides a measurement of where you are situated in society. One of the major issues highlighted from the interviews was the women's perception that using the pokie machines meant that they got to live life on the other side of the fence.

When I get on that machine I get to star in my own movie, there is lots of attention; the stewards bring you complimentary food and drinks. You know why, I can be whomever I want to be, if I want to be in a jungle setting I play on the Triple Tigers and Jungle cash machines. I too, can be Jane and Tarzan. My favourite are the Multi Star machines, now that is where I get to be the best actress of all, and the attention when those bells start ringing it is almost orgasmic.

Yes, Free Spins Pokie Juice is what it is like for me I can get to star Pokies Win Nz Xtra Mail my very own movies. Furthermore, women stated that avoiding loneliness was a significant factor in their gambling. The card schools serve to foster long-term friendships with whanau members. They provided an occasion for laughter, sharing of problems related to relationships or whanau, and more importantly whanaungatanga connectednessi.

Furthermore, gambling in card schools and housie halls provided safe environments for the women. Custer suggested, although in a different context, that society accepts men gambling, but disapproves of women gambling Spanier, Furthermore for most of the women in Rotorua and Auckland it was noted that they have adapted their regular gambling venues to suit their own needs.

The turnaround in how pubs were made to be more female friendly is widely emphasised in pub and casino venues. The once male-dominated domain of male-only pubs has seen a significant change with an increasing number of women who feel comfortable walking into a pub. This is in contrast to negative views associated with women and gambling by some, particularly by men Custer, cited in Spanier, The message that came through in the interviews was that the machine accepts the women for who they are in terms of gender, age, and culture.

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These messages came from different women:. The venues often provide services and commodities that are usually out of their reach.

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Some of the women reported that they did not have access to a television set, let alone to digital satellite television. It is sometimes assumed that in every New Zealand household a television is nestled comfortably in the living room. This chattel is considered important to people's daily enjoyment and access to information.

However, this is not always the case for some of the women in this study. The women discussed how owning a television was secondary to providing for the basic needs required to maintain their households. Furthermore, the opportunity provided by gambling venues to watch television without the constant demands of children or partners was also reported.

This was evident in the following comment: There is a belief that women who put their own needs first over their families' are considered lacking in maternal ethics Van Den Bergh, For some of the women, the comfort and elegant surroundings of the gambling venues are also attractive. For example, some of the women alluded to the comfortable furnishings that enable them to relax and unwind on the machines. One of the women reported that Pokies Big Winners On Slot her it was about winding down Pokies Win Nz Xtra Mail she went home to her less plush environment: There was another view also that regardless of winning or losing money the women had the opportunity to self-indulge with the assistance of staff and available resources provided by the operators, such as:.

I don't have to worry about going hungry or thirsty, it is there for free and it just isn't crappy coffee it is the real coffee and it is unlimited free access to refreshments [food and drink].

Most of the pokie venues provide host responsibility that includes refreshments and food for their patrons. This is another attraction that helps to keep the women distracted. The rationale for this provision could also be seen as a way to ensure that gambling patrons do not have to leave their premises when they are hungry or thirsty. It would appear that some basic needs are being provided for by some of these operators. In casino environments, the women described having staff and casino assistants available to meet their every need—an otherwise unfamiliar experience.

For example, some of the women who had husbands or partners spoke about having no support with childcare and household duties. Most of these responsibilities were met by the women as was the provision of meals. This comment is best described in the following paraphrase from three of the women: What is important to note is that for some women who did not own a television set for economic or other reasons, this opportunity was indeed met by the pokie operators' venue.

Gambling behaviour in people is often preceded by exposure to stress and personal adversity, notably, interpersonal losses and conflicts, commonly in relationship breakdowns, and disciplinary or legal crises. Furthermore, when such precipitating stressors arise, they may be exacerbated, as when a person experiences an increase in anxiety or depression because of the pre-existing stressors.

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With reference to income and socio-economic status the women often talked about never being dependent on other people and being able to live a comfortable life. I am going to win big…and never have to work again…never have to be on the benefit again.

A similar trend was noted for most of the women in this study. That is, the primary motive of overcoming their current lower socio-economic status was indeed their reason for playing on the pokie machines. They identify how the illuminated jackpot signs at pokie venues lure and insinuate easy access to instant wealth. Furthermore, vigorous advertising by casinos promising to eliminate the current lack of income or low income is indeed very appealing:.

I got hooked and then when I saw how big the jackpots were, well it just got more exciting and worthwhile. I kept thinking that I would win the jackpot and I would never have to work again.

This reality needs to be examined in more detail. Over the past 10 or so years what women uniquely do—either because of biology or tradition—has been viewed as of less worth because it is unpaid and because women do not operate by the market's rules of maximising their own self-interest. As no income or profit is involved, it is not viewed as productive to give birth and raise children. The effect of this on women has been very detrimental.

Women's organisations have worked hard over many years to gain social support for women and recognition in social and economic policy of the different reality of women's lives. The social welfare state suited women because they are much more dependent on the social wage and the benefits of the welfare state than on wages earned in the labour market. However, much of this has been swiftly eradicated in the past few years.

Despite continuous rhetoric about traditional family values, the family has been severely undermined by recent government policies. Solo mothers have suffered benefit cuts, and despite ratifying the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, New Zealand exempted itself from the requirement to provide paid parental leave. This means that many women with newborns are forced back to work earlier than they want.

Low wages and job insecurity also force mothers back to work to hold onto jobs or keep their careers on stream. Alternatively, they delay their first child until their late thirties or early forties, when their fertility is reduced, thereby increasing the risk of breast cancer through late motherhood, and leading to exhaustion from trying to raise boisterous young children during mid-life. Low wages mean that both parents need to be in the paid workforce. The biggest change in women's workforce participation has been the entry of women from two-parent families into paid work.

Twenty-seven percent of women with children under one year of age and 45 percent of those with children aged one to four years now work. Gambling services are no different. The Women's Health Strategy advocates for a gendered approach to health policy and has women working within the District Health Boards who work with these issues. Imagine what it would be like to live a day in the life of a movie star—this for most people living ordinary lives would be like entering another world; to always have a guaranteed high income and the recognition that goes with high socio-economic status.

As well, there would be more positive social relationships and support networks. There is also a degree of glamour and the ability to access services that allows one to manage stress.

Wouldn't we all like to live this life? The following are some quotes from the study participants that fall under the categories of income, social status, positive social relationships, glamour, and stress management. I just want to be like the other people in there that are winning big money. For example, with the anti-smoking legislation it could be argued that one needs to be rich to smoke due to the high price of cigarettes , but smoking remains a staple lower-socio-economic comfort Glover, It has been widely theorised that the measure of a people's success in any society is material wealth.

Moreover, have not smoking, drinking, and gambling been perpetuated by advertisers as high social status indicators? Furthermore, the women could hope to experience a lifestyle that they had never known before. Material assets mark the quality of success in any society. This materialistic accumulation of commodities informs people of their success in society.

Further, it provides a measurement of where you are situated in society. One of the major issues highlighted from the interviews was the women's perception that using the pokie machines meant that they got to live life on the other side of the fence.

When I get on that machine I get to star in my own movie, there is lots of attention; the stewards bring you complimentary food and drinks. You know why, I can be whomever I want to be, if I want to be in a jungle setting I play on the Triple Tigers and Jungle cash machines. I too, can be Jane and Tarzan. My favourite are the Multi Star machines, now that is where I get to be the best actress of all, and the attention when those bells start ringing it is almost orgasmic.

Yes, that is what it is like for me I can get to star in my very own movies. Furthermore, women stated that avoiding loneliness was a significant factor in their gambling. The card schools serve to foster long-term friendships with whanau members. They provided an occasion for laughter, sharing of problems related to relationships or whanau, and more importantly whanaungatanga connectedness , i. Furthermore, gambling in card schools and housie halls provided safe environments for the women.

Custer suggested, although in a different context, that society accepts men gambling, but disapproves of women gambling Spanier, Furthermore for most of the women in Rotorua and Auckland it was noted that they have adapted their regular gambling venues to suit their own needs. The turnaround in how pubs were made to be more female friendly is widely emphasised in pub and casino venues.

The once male-dominated domain of male-only pubs has seen a significant change with an increasing number of women who feel comfortable walking into a pub. This is in contrast to negative views associated with women and gambling by some, particularly by men Custer, cited in Spanier, The message that came through in the interviews was that the machine accepts the women for who they are in terms of gender, age, and culture. These messages came from different women:.

The venues often provide services and commodities that are usually out of their reach. Some of the women reported that they did not have access to a television set, let alone to digital satellite television. It is sometimes assumed that in every New Zealand household a television is nestled comfortably in the living room.

This chattel is considered important to people's daily enjoyment and access to information. However, this is not always the case for some of the women in this study.

The women discussed how owning a television was secondary to providing for the basic needs required to maintain their households. Furthermore, the opportunity provided by gambling venues to watch television without the constant demands of children or partners was also reported. This was evident in the following comment: There is a belief that women who put their own needs first over their families' are considered lacking in maternal ethics Van Den Bergh, For some of the women, the comfort and elegant surroundings of the gambling venues are also attractive.

For example, some of the women alluded to the comfortable furnishings that enable them to relax and unwind on the machines.

One of the women reported that for her it was about winding down before she went home to her less plush environment: There was another view also that regardless of winning or losing money the women had the opportunity to self-indulge with the assistance of staff and available resources provided by the operators, such as:. I don't have to worry about going hungry or thirsty, it is there for free and it just isn't crappy coffee it is the real coffee and it is unlimited free access to refreshments [food and drink].

Most of the pokie venues provide host responsibility that includes refreshments and food for their patrons. This is another attraction that helps to keep the women distracted. The rationale for this provision could also be seen as a way to ensure that gambling patrons do not have to leave their premises when they are hungry or thirsty. It would appear that some basic needs are being provided for by some of these operators. In casino environments, the women described having staff and casino assistants available to meet their every need—an otherwise unfamiliar experience.

For example, some of the women who had husbands or partners spoke about having no support with childcare and household duties. Most of these responsibilities were met by the women as was the provision of meals. This comment is best described in the following paraphrase from three of the women: What is important to note is that for some women who did not own a television set for economic or other reasons, this opportunity was indeed met by the pokie operators' venue.

Gambling behaviour in people is often preceded by exposure to stress and personal adversity, notably, interpersonal losses and conflicts, commonly in relationship breakdowns, and disciplinary or legal crises. Furthermore, when such precipitating stressors arise, they may be exacerbated, as when a person experiences an increase in anxiety or depression because of the pre-existing stressors.

Coman, Burrows, and Evans's study on why men and women gamble concluded that women gamble as a way of dealing with stress. Conversely, men in the study gambled more for financial reasons, and only to a lesser extent for stress reduction p. In contemporary psychological literature, Lesieur et al. They also found that a number of cultural and psychological factors may mediate the relationship between gambling and stress.

Additionally, there is a general tendency for women to not seek help for their addictions because of the stigma that may be attributed by family members and the shame that it will bring to their families Van Den Bergh, Lack of opportunities for partner support for parental time-out can have an impact on the number of problems encountered on a day-to-day basis.

There is also little support for solving practical and psychological problems. This creates a cycle of despair when people are unable to meet their daily needs. The potential for high vulnerability to stress is further accentuated.

Many of the women talked about the use of the pokie machines as a way to relieve and manage the stress associated with their lives and work. You know, if you can imagine all this work that was hugely demanding of my time, often I had to work out of my ordinary work hours and it just all got on top of me.

The only way that I could handle the work pressures was to go to the pokies. The machine didn't demand anything from me, it was non-threatening and all it asked was to be fed with coins. The following quote describes what some of the women experienced:. I started gambling in my early 60s to get away from all of the constant demands of my family […] just recently I have had a lot of stress related to my oldest daughter, and her ex-partner violently abusing her.

There was no support because I had no one to ask for help. The pokie machines helped me to forget about all my problems at home.

Te Awekotuku documents the complex issues related to rearing children without the support of a partner and extended whanau. She often has to meet the daily needs not only of her own whanau but of her extended whanau as well; more often than not she will have a large whanau; and rely heavily on government assistance for pre-school and after-school child care responsibilities. At the same time she will try her hardest to appease the many material demands that her children make as a result of peer pressure:.

Look, the list goes on and on and I just can't cope. It has to be Nike's or nothing at all for my son. My daughter she won't wear anything but Roxy [girls' clothing] I keep telling them that I can't afford these labels but they just won't listen, so I hope like crazy that I will get a windfall from the pokies….

The stress management opportunities that the pokie machines offer outweigh the negative. For example, women said:. Additional findings from the interviews were about the accessibility of childcare services at pokie machine venues and the location of pokie machines close to other services in restaurants and shopping malls. One of the women reported the following information about the invasion of pokies in her suburb:. I have three pokie venues within walking distance; I don't need a car or a bus.

You can't even walk a different way because you have got the top of town so that when you get into the town it is on the right. Even if you came in the other way there is one on your right so they are everywhere even right next to the library, very strategically placed. He does make use of public libraries—borrowing books, checking email, and keeping his website and blog.

As I think about Saverin and Suelo, a study in opposites, I marvel over the vast elasticity of our concept of need. Saverin thinks he needs billions of dollars. Suelo needs to have none.

Needs are not objective facts. They reflect values and choices. What I am suggesting is that, in the meantime, we give ourselves a chance to thrive, that we have the courage of our convictions which starts with knowing what they are.

For me, this perspective is liberating. Early retirement, single-family homes, college educations — these accoutrements of the American Dream are increasingly hard to come by.

Do we simply redouble our efforts to achieve such established socially sanctioned goals? Or do we explore new paths, expand our repertoire of options?

Another terrific example of someone doing just that is Ken Ilgunas , a Duke graduate student who lived in a van to avoid going back into debt and turned his experience into the wonderful memoir Walden on Wheels New Harvest, There are those who attack Suelo for failing to contribute to some larger social good.

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There was another view also that regardless of winning or losing money the women had the opportunity to self-indulge with the assistance of staff and available resources provided by the operators, such as:. I don't have to worry about going hungry or thirsty, it is there for free and it just isn't crappy coffee it is the real coffee and it is unlimited free access to refreshments [food and drink].

Most of the pokie venues provide host responsibility that includes refreshments and food for their patrons. This is another attraction that helps to keep the women distracted. The rationale for this provision could also be seen as a way to ensure that gambling patrons do not have to leave their premises when they are hungry or thirsty. It would appear that some basic needs are being provided for by some of these operators. In casino environments, the women described having staff and casino assistants available to meet their every need—an otherwise unfamiliar experience.

For example, some of the women who had husbands or partners spoke about having no support with childcare and household duties. Most of these responsibilities were met by the women as was the provision of meals. This comment is best described in the following paraphrase from three of the women: What is important to note is that for some women who did not own a television set for economic or other reasons, this opportunity was indeed met by the pokie operators' venue.

Gambling behaviour in people is often preceded by exposure to stress and personal adversity, notably, interpersonal losses and conflicts, commonly in relationship breakdowns, and disciplinary or legal crises. Furthermore, when such precipitating stressors arise, they may be exacerbated, as when a person experiences an increase in anxiety or depression because of the pre-existing stressors.

Coman, Burrows, and Evans's study on why men and women gamble concluded that women gamble as a way of dealing with stress. Conversely, men in the study gambled more for financial reasons, and only to a lesser extent for stress reduction p. In contemporary psychological literature, Lesieur et al. They also found that a number of cultural and psychological factors may mediate the relationship between gambling and stress. Additionally, there is a general tendency for women to not seek help for their addictions because of the stigma that may be attributed by family members and the shame that it will bring to their families Van Den Bergh, Lack of opportunities for partner support for parental time-out can have an impact on the number of problems encountered on a day-to-day basis.

There is also little support for solving practical and psychological problems. This creates a cycle of despair when people are unable to meet their daily needs. The potential for high vulnerability to stress is further accentuated.

Many of the women talked about the use of the pokie machines as a way to relieve and manage the stress associated with their lives and work. You know, if you can imagine all this work that was hugely demanding of my time, often I had to work out of my ordinary work hours and it just all got on top of me.

The only way that I could handle the work pressures was to go to the pokies. The machine didn't demand anything from me, it was non-threatening and all it asked was to be fed with coins. The following quote describes what some of the women experienced:. I started gambling in my early 60s to get away from all of the constant demands of my family […] just recently I have had a lot of stress related to my oldest daughter, and her ex-partner violently abusing her. There was no support because I had no one to ask for help.

The pokie machines helped me to forget about all my problems at home. Te Awekotuku documents the complex issues related to rearing children without the support of a partner and extended whanau.

She often has to meet the daily needs not only of her own whanau but of her extended whanau as well; more often than not she will have a large whanau; and rely heavily on government assistance for pre-school and after-school child care responsibilities. At the same time she will try her hardest to appease the many material demands that her children make as a result of peer pressure:. Look, the list goes on and on and I just can't cope.

It has to be Nike's or nothing at all for my son. My daughter she won't wear anything but Roxy [girls' clothing] I keep telling them that I can't afford these labels but they just won't listen, so I hope like crazy that I will get a windfall from the pokies…. The stress management opportunities that the pokie machines offer outweigh the negative. For example, women said:.

Additional findings from the interviews were about the accessibility of childcare services at pokie machine venues and the location of pokie machines close to other services in restaurants and shopping malls. One of the women reported the following information about the invasion of pokies in her suburb:.

I have three pokie venues within walking distance; I don't need a car or a bus. You can't even walk a different way because you have got the top of town so that when you get into the town it is on the right. Even if you came in the other way there is one on your right so they are everywhere even right next to the library, very strategically placed.

Now they have got them in one of the Valentines Family Restaurant. My favourite machine is tikitiki [good luck symbol], he brings me good luck and when I lose my money he goes arohamai [sorry].

These reinforcers from their culture only serve to increase the attractiveness of using pokie machines. Due to their circumstances they find gambling to be a friend and a positive experience, and they either deny or ignore the negative aspects. With the current absence of culturally-appropriate research health promotion campaigns and other intervention strategies, we are forced to rely primarily on wisdom from other sectors and anecdotal accounts.

This descriptive information is a first step and should not be viewed as sufficient information upon which to base public health and treatment interventions. The introduction of the presentation provided an overview of the preliminary findings of the current Postgraduate Scholarship funded by the Health Research Council of New Zealand. Auckland is the larger city with over 1. User Username Password Remember me.

Income Poverty had been a feature in the lives of most of the women interviewed for this study. I will be able to send my kids to university. I will never be without ever again. Furthermore, vigorous advertising by casinos promising to eliminate the current lack of income or low income is indeed very appealing: Gambling motivations Imagine what it would be like to live a day in the life of a movie star—this for most people living ordinary lives would be like entering another world; to always have a guaranteed high income and the recognition that goes with high socio-economic status.

Using the Pokies allows me to experience life on the other side… I don't have to worry about all the hassles of life while I am in the pokie venue. I get to close the door and leave everything behind.

These messages came from different women: The machine becomes my companion; it doesn't ask anything of me. The machine doesn't kick me or put me down. It never answers me back. The machine accepts me for who I am. There was another view also that regardless of winning or losing money the women had the opportunity to self-indulge with the assistance of staff and available resources provided by the operators, such as: Stress management opportunities Gambling behaviour in people is often preceded by exposure to stress and personal adversity, notably, interpersonal losses and conflicts, commonly in relationship breakdowns, and disciplinary or legal crises.

The following quote describes what some of the women experienced: At the same time she will try her hardest to appease the many material demands that her children make as a result of peer pressure: For example, women said: Using the pokies lessens the stress of my work and life.

I don't have to make major decisions. I don't have to worry about things. I just have to think about me. Other findings Additional findings from the interviews were about the accessibility of childcare services at pokie machine venues and the location of pokie machines close to other services in restaurants and shopping malls.

One of the women reported the following information about the invasion of pokies in her suburb: I don't feel so bad losing my money on tiktiki because he is one of us. Where to from here? Every day is a war. No reira komutu to korero tena koutou katoa nga hui hui mai. Notes Endnotes 1 The following paper details a presentation given on 13 September at the Third International Conference on Gambling held in Auckland.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Problem gambling in Aotearoa. Problem and non-problem gamblers in New Zealand: A report on phase two of the National Prevalence Survey. Department of Internal Affairs. Gambling and problem gambling in New Zealand. Gambling and problem gambling among recently sentenced women prisoners in New Zealand. Taking the pulse out of problem gambling in New Zealand: A report of phase one of the Prevalence Study.

Ministry of Women's Affairs. Mahi orite, utu tokeke. Monitoring the social impacts of Sky City casino. Journal of Feminist Therapy , 3 , The needs of women with gambling problems. Financial and Consumer Rights Council Inc. Stress and anxiety as factors in the onset of problem gambling: Stress Medicine , 13, A review of the literature home and its implications for policy and research. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Gambling in New Zealand.

Palmerston North, New Zealand: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry , 33, Health Services Research Centre. An issue for indigenous peoples.

University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Gender differences in pathological gamblers seeking medication treatment. Comprehensive Psychiatry , 43 1 , Te Kahui Hauora Trust. What's the big deal?: Aboriginal gambling in the Kimberley region. He forages, dumpster dives, and eats with friends as well as strangers. He does make use of public libraries—borrowing books, checking email, and keeping his website and blog. As I think about Saverin and Suelo, a study in opposites, I marvel over the vast elasticity of our concept of need.

Saverin thinks he needs billions of dollars. Suelo needs to have none. Needs are not objective facts. They reflect values and choices. What I am suggesting is that, in the meantime, we give ourselves a chance to thrive, that we have the courage of our convictions which starts with knowing what they are.

For me, this perspective is liberating. Early retirement, single-family homes, college educations — these accoutrements of the American Dream are increasingly hard to come by.

Do we simply redouble our efforts to achieve such established socially sanctioned goals? Or do we explore new paths, expand our repertoire of options? Another terrific example of someone doing just that is Ken Ilgunas , a Duke graduate student who lived in a van to avoid going back into debt and turned his experience into the wonderful memoir Walden on Wheels New Harvest,