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There is also a bonus - with a BBQ on the front balcony. The Main Unit is set up with new cutlery, crockery, glasses, new oven, range hood. The cook top is new, as is the fridge and washing machine not that you will be wanting to wash clothes! Dishwasher, dryer, microwave are all working.
The second Bedroom is a motel type room with spa, shower etc and a bar fridge and microwave. It has Pokies Big Win Soccer Main Menu own balcony looking out to the mountains. The are large TV's in every room It is on the top 3rd floor with easy access via two flights of stairs at rear.
There are Guest Information books in each unit which will help you find your way around the Unit and Palm Cove. Cairns is just 25 minutes away - or a bit longer by the bus which runs every half hour from the Esplanade out the front. The pool is perfect - warm all year round and a heated spa pool if you need something even warmer. The ocean Coral Sea is straight our the front of the resort - across the esplanade. The sandy tropical beach is safe and water is warm.
Walk the beach of the palm tree pathway. Everything is in walking distance - restaurants, shops, hotel, coffee bars. Our Home Features Diggers Camp: Experience ocean views and ecologically sustainable luxury supported by low carbon systems such as solar electricity and hot water, rain harvested water and environmentally friendly waste systems. The house consists of two connected pavilions. The fully renovated front structure comprises a kitchen, dining nook and lounge, all with ocean views. These spaces lead to the front deck, a sheltered chill out area with ocean and headland views.
Completing the front pavilion is a cozy bedroom with double bed also with great ocean views. The new fully equipped kitchen boasts stone bench tops and a double filtered water system. The rear pavilion features an expansive deck and outdoor dining setting with ocean glimpses. Off the deck are two large bedrooms featuring a queen bed and a queen plus king single bed.
The deck also leads to the bathroom and separate toilet room. We employ a range of high tech systems to enable a high degree of comfort whilst enjoying an "off-grid" national park setting. You'll be living in a self sufficient low carbon footprint dwelling that generates and stores its own electricity, water, hot water and advanced compost toilet system.
While the front deck offers whale watching in season, the rear deck provides a great viewing platform to quietly observe visiting wildlife including kangaroos, emus, goannas and a rich diversity of bird life amongst the landscaped native gardens. The yard Street Pokies Australia Map Tasmania Mountain onto the surrounding national park. It features a fire pit for cooler nights, a hammock chill out corner, an outdoor shower and board storage rack and cleaning station for preparing the day's catch.
Have a completely different way of life on the beach at Villa Beach. Villa Beach offers the charm and sophistication of old world Colonial South Pacific style on the beach. It will transport you to a relaxation that you will not want to leave.
Villa Beach offers a beachfront location, perfect for couples who want to totally relax on the beach.
The Main Bedroom has a queen size bed with its own bathroom and bath and is situated at the front of the Pokies Win News Tasmania and looks straight out onto the beach. The villa apartment features a full size kitchen with all facilities and appliances, lounge and dinning areas, internal laundry and your own B-B-Q on your verandah which also looks straight out onto the beach.
The villa apartment comes with beach lounges and beach chairs for the beach together with beach towels. Public transport within minutes walk. Here you can relax to the rhythm of soft tropical breezes whispering through the palm trees. Luxury Apartment Opposite Cairns: Yorkeys Knob Holiday Apartment is your luxurious, beach holiday home away from home with views across to the sandy beach and Coral Sea.
Your perfect vacation on the beach. The beachfront terrace is furnished with an outdoor dining for 6 and a BBQ. This fully self-contained apartment is fitted with ceiling fans throughout, is fully air-conditioned and enjoys delightful sea breezes all day The apartment is conveniently located on the ground floor with easy access and directly opposite one of the best kite surfing locations in Australia.
One of only six apartments in the complex, your peace and relaxation are assured. Relax on your private terrace overlooking the beach and contemplate the pool or the beach. So you can literally start your holiday within 30 min after stepping off your flight.
On your next beachfront Queensland holiday consider holiday rental accommodation at Yorkeys Knob Beachfront Holiday Apartment! Bright and Quiet Hillsdale Sydney: The unit is a well lit, beautifully presented, comfortable 2 bedroom apartment.
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It is located in a security block in a quiet residential area. Close to the beach, shopping centre, supermarkets, park and airport 15 min drive. The city is a 20 minute drive and 45 minute bus ride. Maroubra beach is a 5 minute drive and it is a 10 minute walk to Westfield Eastgardens, which has a range of shops and a cinema. The space is clean and tidy with a well equipped kitchen including dish washer and washing machine. Main bedroom contains queen bed, built in wardrobes, a good sized living room, with TV, Netflix and a balcony that recieves great afternoon sunlight.
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Sturdy, thick walls mean the apartment is quiet and peaceful day and night. There is a reserved parking space around the back of the block for those who have a vehicle. A Great Location in a Innaloo: Charming cottage ideal for holiday rental. Sit on the front verandah and watch the park activities across the road. Or have a barbecue on the large back verandah. House has reverse cycle air conditioning throughout. Perth city CBD 8 kilometres, Scarborough Beach 4km, large shopping centre 1 km and 2 kilometres, train station 1 kilometre.
House is opposite shady park.
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Cool sea breezes most afternoons in summer. Free unlimited wifi with fast NBN connection. Centrally located apartment offers a fantastic place to stay.
The only city with a beach front and full of historic and heritage sites. Being in the heart of Fremantle, getting around is easily accessed with public transport options readily available. Fremantle Train and Bus Station is a short 7 minute walk!
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The population in was ; the district, 10, The town was the base of the Queenstown council up until amalgamation with other west coast councils in the s. The town in its heyday had a collection of hotels, churches and schools that have all significantly reduced since the demise of the Mount Lyell company.
There was a brief boom in prosperity in the s, with the building of several nearby dams by the Hydro. The Darwin and Crotty dams that comprise Lake Burbury a popular fishing and recreation venue were built during this period. These followed the cancellation of the Gordon-below-Franklin Dam in after strong campaigning by environmentalists in the 'No Dams' campaign.
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The mountains surrounding Queenstown have unusual pink and grey hues that come from the conglomerate rocks on the two most adjacent mountains - Mount Lyell and Mount Owen. The mountains surrounding Queenstown are often snowcapped through winter. Snow falls a few days out of the year. Owing to a combination of tree removal for use in the smelters and the smelter fumes for about 40 yearsand the heavy annual rainfall, the erosion of the shallow horizon topsoil back to the harder rock profile contributed to the stark state of the mountains for many decades.
Typical of the successions that occur in fire affected areas in Western Tasmaniathe low shrubbery that has revegetated adjacent to hillside creeks is a very early stage of a long recovery for the ecology of the region.
Some concern by local residents in the s, and since, that the low-level succession of plants might affect the stark 'moonscape' appearance of the southern parts of Mount Lyell, and northern Mount Owen.
Although there are still large areas incapable of sustaining regrowth due to the acute slopes and lack of soil formation, the rate of vegetation recovery will render the mythologies arising from the appearance as only partial truths in time. The Queen River was for most of the history of the Mount Lyell company the recipient of mining effluent and the Queenstown sewage - which then continued into the King River and consequently the Macquarie Harbour.
The Mount Lyell Remediation and Research and Demonstration Program scheme has since removed the direct flowing mining waste and local waste from the rivers. Today, the town and district attracts significant numbers of touristson either organised tours or the hire car 'circuit' around Tasmania.
Some features continue to fascinate tourists, Street Pokies Australia Map Tasmania Mountain the mountains, the slag heap or the gravel football ground. There are significant opportunities to catch glimpses of the town's past at the local museum, and simply by driving up Orr Street, the old main street now with closed pubs and the dominant Post Office tower.
The mining operation at the original Mount Lyell mine continues, with Copper Mines of Tasmania operating between and independently, after which it became part of an Indian company group - and its concentrates Pokies Free Games No Download shipped to India for processing. Exploration continues within the West Coast region for further economic mineral deposits, and due to the complexity of the geology, there is always the possibility that new mines will open: This publication tells the story of Frederick Strange, who was transported to Tasmania with a life sentence in He lived in Launceston and painted portraits along with views of the emerging city from various vantage points.
Those transported — some unfortunate, some, it must be admitted, rogues — all had lives before their convictions, but we know very little of them. From Cape to Cape. The Last Dog on the Island. Lost Mines of the Tamar. Woven Landscape Connections in the Tasmanian Midlands. Blood, Sweat and The Sea.
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When you're not venturing around MONA, exploring Cradle Mountain or visiting the Port Arthur Historic Site, Tasmania's casinos are a must-visit for those Wrest Point Casino offers relaxed gaming areas, plenty of free parking and quality dining, making it a superb choice for playing the pokies in Tassie.:Read the Latest Tasmanian News and Breaking Tasmania News Headlines including Hobart News and Australian News. Read more Breaking News Headlines and Tasmanian News Stories at the Mercury. Safety advice AUTHORITIES have issued an advice warning to communities over a bushfire at St Helens. News and Tasmanian Breaking News Headlines Online including Latest News from Australia and the World. Read more News from Tasmania including News Headlines and Breaking News Stories at The Mercury. Wrest Point Hotel, offers up to star accommodation just minutes from the Hobart CBD. Our expansive waterfront property offers varying accommodation options including our iconic tower with mountain and or water views, our 4 star water edge rooms and for a more economical option our star Motor Inn solution.
Australia is one of the world's most highly urbanised countries; it is well known for the attractions of its large cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth. Separated from the mainland by Bass Strait, Tasmania has rugged beauty of Cradle Mountain and the west, the beaches of the east, and the complete.:Book Bischoff Hotel, Waratah on TripAdvisor: See 74 traveller reviews, 12 candid photos, and great deals for Bischoff Hotel, ranked #1 of 2 B&Bs / inns in Waratah and rated of 5 at TripAdvisor.
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Australian retail company Woolworths has refused to reduce the maximum bet limits on its poker machines. Last week, the retail giant was urged to phase Victoria is cracking down hard on gambling, imposing new restrictions on cash out limits at pokies venues.
The Australian Gambling Research Clinic has released a report calling for a full pre-commitment scheme in poker machine venues in every state and territory. If you want a share of 25, fair spins this Christmas, we recommend heading to BGO online casino. The online gambling site is giving Mucho Vegas has picked its Game of the Week, and you can claim 20 free spins on the slot machine to use on Saturday. However, it is probably wise to avoid the house wine if it comes straight from a cask 4-litre container.
If you still prefer overseas wines, the Marlborough region of New Zealand is usually well represented on wine lists and in bottle shops in Australia. See also Grape grazing in Australia. Bundaberg Rum Bundy is an Australian dark rum particularly popular in Queensland and many Queenslanders will not touch any other brand of rum, while many other Australians will not touch Bundy.
It is probably the most famous Australian made spirit, mass produced in Bundaberg and available everywhere. You will have to search much harder to find other Australian distilled spirits, mostly from niche players, but there are distilleries in every state of Australia if you look hard enough.
Drop into the Lark Distillery on the scenic Hobart waterfront precinct. Mixed drinks are also available, particularly vodka, scotch, bourbon and other whiskey mixers. Jim Beam bourbon is probably the most commonly drunk, so those from Kentucky should feel right at home. Spirits are also available as pre-mixed bottles and cans but are subject to higher taxation in this form, so it is cheaper to mix them yourself.
Spirits are served in all pubs and bars, but not in all restaurants. The legal drinking age throughout Australia is 18 years. It is illegal to purchase alcohol for yourself if you are under 18 years of age. It is illegal to purchase alcohol on behalf of someone who is under 18 years of age. The only legally acceptable proof-of-age is an Australian drivers licence, state-issued proof-of-age card or a passport, and it would be wise to carry one if you want to purchase alcohol or tobacco and look under It is illegal to go into a gambling area of a pub or club when under Often there is a lounge, restaurant or bistro area in a pub or club that permits under-age people provided they are accompanied by a responsible adult over 18 and don't approach the bar or wander around.
Some city pubs even have video games and playgrounds for children. Some country pubs have large open areas out in the back where kids can run and play. In general, you can take alcohol say a bottle of wine or beer to consume at a park or beach.
However, in the state of Queensland public consumption of Alcohol is illegal. Alcohol consumption is banned in some public places as 'street drinking'. These are often indicated by signs and is particularly the case in parks and footpaths where public drunkenness has been a problem.
However, if you are a family with your picnic basket and blanket out at lunchtime with a bottle of wine, you are unlikely to encounter any problems. Alcohol can be purchased for consumption on premises only in licensed venues: You can purchase alcohol for private consumption in bottle shops , which are separate stores selling bottled alcohol.
In some but not all states you can buy alcohol in supermarkets. In those states where you can't, bottle shops and major supermarkets are often found in very close proximity. Outside of these hours though, it is almost impossible to buy alcohol to take home; so if you're planning on a party at home, it's a good idea to stock up and check on the local trading hours so you don't run out at In the state of New South Wales, takeaway alcohol cannot be sold after 10pm.
Alcohol is not available at petrol stations or hour convenience stores anywhere in Australia. Public drunkenness varies in acceptability. You will certainly find a great deal of it in close proximity to pubs and clubs at night time but much less so during the day. Public drunkenness is an offence but you would only likely ever be picked up by the police if you were causing a nuisance. You may spend the night sobering up in a holding cell or be charged.
Driving while affected by alcohol is both stigmatized and policed by random breath testing police patrols in Australia, as well as being inherently dangerous. Drink driving is a very serious offence in Australia, punishable by a range of mechanisms including loss of license. The acceptable maximum blood alcohol concentration is 0. Police officers are also empowered to randomly test drivers for the recent use of prohibited drugs.
The operation of a motor vehicle while under the influence of prohibited drugs or alcohol will always result in arrest and a required court appearance many weeks from the date of arrest and it can comprehensively disrupt travel plans. Random breath testing is common early Saturday and Sunday mornings, and many people are caught the morning after. Buying a round of drinks is a custom in Australia, as in many corners of the world. It is generally expected in a pub that when you arrive and make your first trip to the bar that you will offer to buy a drink for others you are drinking with.
This is what's known as a 'shout'. In entering a shout you are expected to take turns buying drinks for everyone in your shout when it is your turn. It is considered poor etiquette to drink something much more expensive that what others in the shout are drinking.
If you cannot keep pace during a shout you are still expected to buy a round of drinks when it is your turn and as such it is advisable to drink with people who pace themselves at a similar rate. If someone from outside the shout offers to buy you a drink politely decline and let them know you are already in a shout. Likewise if someone buys you a drink don't be surprised if they expect one from you later on in the evening as it's now your shout.
If you don't want to join a shout, or would like to drop out of one this can be awkward in some groups, however if you provide a viable reason such as having to drive or being on medication people will normally respect this explanation. It is considered very poor etiquette to leave before your shout.
If you are intending to study in Australia, you may need to be on a visa class that allows this, rather than a tourist visa. Students and academics invited to visit Australian universities will generally also need an appropriate visa, even if their visit is of a short enough period to be covered by a tourist electronic visa.
For extremely short term or part time courses, check with your Australian consulate or embassy. Australian students attend high school for six years, and enter university at seventeen or eighteen years of age. In Australia, neither "school" nor "college" are used to refer to tertiary institutions; they are referred to only as "universities" - in fact, some primary and secondary educational institutions are referred to as 'colleges'.
Australian undergraduate programs are usually three to four years in length. A fifth year is compulsory in some professional undergraduate programs such as engineering, law, medicine and dentistry. Students in three-year degree programs can take an optional fourth year known as honours if they want to proceed into a postgraduate research program, whereas students enrolled in four year programs can typically incorporate their honours thesis into their fourth year.
All tuition at university level is in English , save for courses that specifically focus on other languages.
Students who have not previously earned a qualification in an English speaking program or passed high school English will have to take one of a number of English competency tests before being allowed to enrol. Postgraduate studies in Australia fall into two classes: Coursework degrees are generally at the Masters level. Research degrees are at the Masters and Doctoral level. There are 42 Universities in Australia that all compete vigorously for overseas students.
All have administrative departments and sections on their websites which describe the courses available to overseas students, and they will help you to apply and obtain accommodation and transport.
Applications for university courses and the appropriate visa will need to be lodged before coming to Australia. Courses range from single year diplomas to full length undergraduate and post-graduate degrees. There is a choice of the sandstone universities, with their history and prestige, modern city universities with their vocational programs, and regional country town universities, with open space and cheaper accommodation.
Undergraduate admission to university is centralised at the state level. You make a single application for admission to the state admissions body stating your course preferences. The universities select students from this common applicant pool based upon their ranking and preferences. Unless you are applying for a creative arts degree, your ranking will be based solely on previous academic performance at both high school and previous university studies.
Postgraduate admission is managed by individual universities and you will need to apply separately to each institution you are considering. The full fees payable by overseas students are competitive compared to many Western universities. Australian citizens have the option of substantially reduced fees and also have the option of deferring payment until they are earning income.
Other students will generally be required to pay full tuition on enrolment each semester. Scholarships are rarely awarded for undergraduate or postgraduate coursework degrees. A comparatively large number of scholarships are available for postgraduate research usually covering both tuition, where required, and living costs. These are awarded by individual universities. Accommodation is readily available in most Australian cities and tourist destinations.
It comes in a number of different styles. Camping is a popular pastime. Most caravan parks will rent camping sites by the night, where you can pitch a tent, and these are available in most towns and cities. The caravan park will provide showers and toilets, and sometimes washing and cooking facilities.
Sometimes for an additional fee. You can even find caravan parks right on the beach, with lagoon swimming pools and playgrounds all free for guests. National parks often provide free camping sites, which expect you to be more self-sufficient. Often toilets are provided and sometimes cold showers. Camping permits are sometimes required at popular parks, with some popular spots filling up during the holidays in summer.
In Australia it is common to be within an hours drive of a national park or recreation area that will permit some form of camping, even in the capital cities. Wilsons Promontory National Park, Kosciuszko National Park, etc , however entry and camping is free in the majority of national parks further from population and tourist centres.
Some other camping areas are run by government or even local landowners. You can try your luck sleeping on a beach or pitching a tent overnight in a highway rest area, or out in the bush for a free bed.
Most rest areas and beaches prohibit camping and many even prohibit overnight parking to discourage this. Generally the closer you are to civilisation or a tourist area, the greater the chance of being hassled by the authorities. Camping in state forests is often preferable to national parks if you're after a camping experience over sightseeing, as collecting of your own fire wood is allowed sometimes felling of trees is permissible dependent on the area and camping is not restricted to camp sites.
Some other activities that are generally allowed in state forests that are not allowed in national parks are: State forests are generally free to stay in, although you will need to check locally if public access is allowed.
Facilities usually include a fully equipped kitchen with adequate refrigeration and food storage areas. Most hostels also have living room areas equipped with couches, dining tables, and televisions. There are several backpacker hostel chains in Australia. If you are staying many nights in the same brand of hostel, consider their discount cards, which usually offer a loyalty bonus on accommodation, and other attraction and tour discounts negotiated by the chain.
Some of these traditional hotels still offer some form of accommodation. It can vary from very basic shabby rooms, to newly renovated boutique accommodation. The price is usually a good reflection of what you are in for. It is still quite unusual to have a private bathroom, even in the nicer hotels. Unlike motels, traditional hotels usually charge a discounted rate for single rooms.
In some smaller towns this might be the only type of accommodation available, though it is also available in the centre of Sydney making getting back to your room after a beer a simple endeavour. Many of the older pubs in country towns are housed in grande and ornate buildings on the main street of the town and can present a unique accommodation option.
Inner city areas of Australian cities are dotted with many old pubs which will often be smaller and less interesting, and less likely to provide accommodation. A motel won't generally have a public bar. Typically, motel-style accommodation will have a private room with a bed or number of beds, and a private shower and toilet. Many motels have family rooms, that will usually have a double bed and two single beds in the one room.
Usually the cost is the same for one or two adults, with any extra people charged an additional fee. During quiet times its not unusual for motels to offer standby discounts. Most motels will serve a cooked or continental breakfast to your room in the morning, for an additional charge. Some may have a restaurant or serve an evening meal. Some may have a toaster in the room. All state capitals have at least one major hotel at 5 star standard, with several available in the major capitals.
All hotels have a restaurant or bistro, depending on the type of hotel you are staying in. The restaurant or bistro often serves food that is comparable to many other up-market restaurants outside the hotel.
Also on the ground floor would normally be a fully equipped bar. Cabins are an economical way for families to stay while travelling. Much as the name suggests, this usually involves a cabin or homestead accommodation on a working property. Suited for a stay of two or more days, this accommodation usually allows you to get a little involved in the running of the farm if you wish. It is common for dinner to be provided in the homestead, and a breakfast pack to be provided to your cabin.
Holiday homes are homes rented by their owners, often using local real estate agents or specialised web sites.
Sometimes they're located in prime positions, but more often in the suburbs of cities and towns. Minimum rental periods of at least 2 days usually apply, rising to a week during periods when they are busy. At a minimum, they will have bedrooms, a lounge, bathroom and kitchen. Bed and Breakfasts tend to be a premium form of accommodation in Australia, often focussed on weekend accommodation for couples.
They certainly don't offer the discount form of accommmodation they do in part of the United Kingdom , and the local motel will usually be cheaper. Sometimes extra rooms in a person's home, but often a purpose built building. You should expect a cosy, well kept room, a common area, and a cooked breakfast. Substantial discounts often apply for mid-week stays at bed and breakfasts.
There are many true resorts around Australia. Many have lagoon pools, tennis, golf, kids clubs, and other arranged activities. The island of the Whitsundays have a choice of resorts, some occupying entire islands.
Port Douglas also has many resorts of a world standard. Serviced apartments are widely available, for stays as short as one night. Amenities typically include kitchen, washer and dryer, and separate bedrooms. Caravan parks exist in most towns and cities in Australia that will provide powered and unpowered sites for Caravans.
You will commonly see the Grey Nomad brigade on their trips around Australia in motorhomes and caravans. The camper trailer has also become very popular in Australia. It is perfect for the Australian camping lifestyle, whether it be weekends away or an extended trip into the great outdoors where no facilities exist. You will need to be self-sufficient and carry suitable spares and a good tool kit.
In most parts of Australia it is illegal to sleep in your vehicle but it is possible to get around this by simply rigging up curtains all around the windows so no one can see in from the outside. Add a mattress, pillow, portable gas cooker, cookware and a 20 lt water container and you are off. But if you are strategic in where you stay you probably won't get caught. Just be sensible and don't disturb the locals.
Also, be aware of parking restrictions in certain parts of the cities and town, including overnight parking restrictions. All cities and towns in Australia have free public toilets. Many parks, and most beaches have free electric BBQ's as well. Popular beaches have fresh water showers to wash the salt water off after you swim, so for those on a tight budget or for those that just love waking up at the beach simply wash in the ocean please do not pollute the ocean or waterways by using detergents or soaps and rinse off at the showers.
Almost all taps in Australia are drinking water, the ones that aren't will be marked. Some of the best experiences you may have in Australia will be by taking that road on the map that looks like it heads to a beach, creek, waterfall or mountain and following it. You may just find paradise and not another soul in sight. And lucky you, you've got a bed, food and water right there with you. Travelling in a small group lowers the fuel bill per head, as this will likely be your biggest expense.
Australian citizens, New Zealand citizens and permanent residents of Australia can work in Australia without any further permits, but others will require a work visa. All visitors who do not hold Australian permanent residency or citizenship including New Zealand citizens who aren't also Australian permanent residents or citizens are not allowed to access Australian social security arrangements for the unemployed, and will have limited, or more usually, no access to the Australian government's health care payment arrangements.
Minimum wage rates are under the jurisdiction of the federal government; there are other minimum wages depending on your job, years of experience, how much education you have, how long you've been done with your education and your previous job history, so this minimum wage can fluctuate a vast amount.
Most Australian employers pay via direct deposit to Australian bank accounts. Open a bank account as soon as you arrive. Your passport will not be enough ID to open a bank account. You will need to show the bank teller points of ID . You can apply for it online though, only in Australia for free at the Australian Tax Office website  , though you can generally get it quicker if you just go to one of their offices. The Australian financial year runs from July 1 to June 30, and tax returns for each financial year are due on October 30, four months after the accounting period concludes.
Check with Australian tax agents about Australian tax liability and filing an Australian tax return. Australian employers will make compulsory payments out of your earnings to an Australian superannuation retirement savings fund on your behalf.
Temporary visitors who are not citizens of either Australia or New Zealand can have this money returned to them  when they leave Australia. Australia has a working holidaymaker program for yr old citizens of certain countries.
It allows a stay in Australia for 12 months from the time of first entry. You may work during that time, but only for 6 months at any one employer. The idea is for you to take a holiday subsidised by casual or short-term jobs. If you're interested in a working holiday, some useful skills and experience might be: An alternative is seasonal work like fruit-picking, although much seasonal work will require that you work outside the major cities.
Working for 3 months in seasonal work will allow you to apply for a second 12 month visa. You can apply online for a working holiday visa , but you must not be in Australia at the time. On arriving in Australia ask for the working holiday visa to be "evidenced", so you can show your future employer. The easiest way to get a work visa is to find an Australian employer who will sponsor you. However, this is just 'easier', not 'easy' as such. Your employer will need to demonstrate that they cannot hire anyone with your skills in Australia, and the approval will take several months.
If in search of sponsorship, be prepared for a long wait. Note that getting the visa might take a couple of months from the beginning of the application process, and that you will need a medical examination by a doctor approved by the immigration officials before it can be granted among other things, you will need a chest x-ray to show that you do not have tuberculosis.
You can apply to immigrate as a skilled person or business person, but this process will take longer than receiving a work visa. You can also apply for permanent residency as the holder of a work or study visa, but your application will not be automatically accepted.
After four years of permanent residency you are eligible to apply for Australian citizenship. There are several volunteer opportunities in Australia. Unless you are actively trying to insult someone, a traveller is unlikely to insult or cause offence to an Australian through any kind of cultural ignorance. Australian modes of address tend towards the familiar. It is acceptable and normal to use first names in all situations, even to authority figures or people many years your senior.
Australia is a nation that prides itself on witty and imaginative nicknames and thus fond of using and giving nicknames - even to recent acquaintances. It is likely being called such a name is an indication that you are considered a friend and is it would be rare they are being condescending. While attitudes towards alcohol in Australia have moderated in recent years, there is still much goodwill in venturing and accepting the sharing of a drink mainly beer amongst newly made acquaintances.
In rural locations especially, refusing the offer of a quiet drink is still something that is capable of causing offence. Within the bounds of health, safety and culture, one should try and accommodate this custom, even if you only partake of a glass of lemonade. It is generally acceptable to wear revealing clothing in Australia. Bikinis and swimming attire is okay on the beach, and usually at the kiosk across the road from the beach.
It is normal to wear at least a shirt and footwear before venturing any further. Most beaches are effectively top optional topless while sunbathing. Just about all women wear a top while walking around or in the water. There are some clothing optional nude beaches, usually a little further removed from residential areas.
Thong bikinis more commonly called g-string bikinis in Australia as thongs refer to flip-flop footwear are fine on all beaches and some outdoor pools for both women and men although they are not as common as conventional beachwear. Some outdoor pools have a "top required" policy for women. Cover up a little more when visiting places of worship such as churches. In warm conditions casual "t-shirt and shorts" style clothing predominates except in formal situations.
Business attire, however, is considered to be long sleeved shirt, tie, and long trousers for men, even in the hottest weather. In the northern part of the country, a short sleeved, open neck shirt with slacks, known as 'Darwin Rig', is acceptable. Using Australian stereotypical expressions may be viewed as an attempt to mock, rather than to communicate. If you pull it off well, you might raise a smile.
Australians are often self-deprecating, and are rarely arrogant. However, it is rude to ever agree with a self-deprecating remark.
Boasting about achievements is rarely received well. Most Australians are happy to help out a lost traveller with directions, however many urban dwellers will assume that someone asking "Excuse me", is going to be asking for money, and may brush past.
Looking lost, holding a map, looking like a backpacker or getting to the point quickly will probably help. Profanities may not hold the same offensive value as they do in other English-speaking countries. It is best not to mention the name of a deceased person to an indigenous Australian. Though Aboriginal custom varies, it is best to avoid the possibility of offence.
Permission to photograph an Aboriginal person should always be asked, but in particular in the more remote areas such as Arnhem Land.
There is an old belief among them that having their photograph taken will steal their soul. Many areas of Aboriginal land are free to enter. Some areas carry a request from the Aboriginal people not to enter, and you may choose yourself whether or not to honour or respect that request.
An example of an Aboriginal request is climbing Uluru Ayers Rock. No law prohibits people from climbing the rock except in heat, rain or strong winds , however, local indigenous communities The Anangu request that you do not climb. Uluru holds great spiritual significance to the Anangu. The Anangu feel themselves responsible if someone is killed or injured on their land as has happened many times during the climb and request tourists not to place themselves in harm through climbing.
Many people who travel to Uluru do climb, however, so you certainly won't be on your own if you choose to do this. Some Aboriginal land requires permission or a permit, and some areas are protected and illegal to enter.
You should check before making plans to travel off the beaten track. Permits are usually just a formality for areas which regularly see visitors, or if you have some other business in the area you are travelling through. Often they are just an agreement to respect to the land you are travelling on as Aboriginal land. Some Aboriginal Land Councils make them available online.
If you need to refer to race, the politically correct term is Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal people is usually okay and referring to sacred sites and land as Aboriginal sites, or Aboriginal land is okay too. Avoid using Aborigine or Aboriginal as a noun to describe a person, as some people see negative connotations in these words.
The contraction "Abo" is deeply offensive and should never be used. The word Native should also be avoided when referring to a person, as should colour-based terminology such as Black or White the polite term for Australians of British or Irish descent is Anglo-Celtic.
The number called 'triple zero' or 'triple oh' can be dialled from any telephone in Australia free of charge. This number will connect you with emergency operators for the police, fire brigade, and ambulance service. The first question that the operator will ask is which service you need.
If you require assistance during a flood, storm, cyclone, tsunami, earthquake or other natural disaster you can contact the State Emergency Service in each state except for Northern Territory on You will be connected with your local unit and help can be organised from there. Note that if the emergency is life-threatening, call triple zero.
If you want to contact these services but the situation is not an emergency, don't call Poisons information advice, which can also advise on snake, spider and insect bites, is available on Information on locating the nearest medical services can be obtained by calling except for Tasmania.
You can dial from all mobile phones. Mobile phones sold in Australia recognise it as the emergency number and will use any available network to place the call. However, if you have a phone obtained outside Australia, using the universal emergency number is a better idea. Using will use any available network, will work even if your phone is not roaming, and will work even if the phone does not have a SIM. Hearing or speech impaired people with TTY equipment can dial Those with Internet connectivity can use the Internet Relay Service, via the website.
Calls from fixed line landline phones may be traced to assist the emergency services to reach you. The emergency services have limited ability to trace the origin of emergency calls from mobile phones, especially outside of urban areas, so be sure to calmly and clearly provide details of your location.
Nobody will likely respond to your call unless you can effectively communicate to the operator that you need assistance. If you are in need of assistance, but cannot speak, you will be diverted to an IVR and asked to press 55 to confirm that you are in need of assistance and have not called by accident. Your call will then be connected to the police. Emergency numbers from other countries for example, '' in the USA do not work in Australia. Keep a sense of perspective.
Tourists are far more likely to be killed or injured as pedestrians, drivers or passengers on Australian roads than all the other causes of death and injury combined. Driving between cities and towns can take longer than you think, especially if you are used to freeway or motorway driving in Europe or North America. Speed limits vary by location, road and by state. Avoid the stresses of fatigue by not planning to drive too far in a day.
It's also worth noting that speed limits are strictly enforced in Australia and going more than 2 kilometres over the speed limit can result in a large fine. Note also that in many places the speed limit cannot in practice be safely reached. Speed limits are indeed limits and a certain amount of credit is being given to the driver to adjust their driving habits to the conditions. Even if weather is not a factor, driving for example in Tasmania is just not possible at the posted speed limit continuously.
To attempt to do so will put yourself and others in danger. A danger which magnifies at night with the immense wildlife population, and when weather is inclement. The wise motorist will observe how fast other drivers are travelling and also start out travel on unfamiliar roads well below the posted limit, and work up to a comfortable speed once the road has been evaluated as to its safety at various speeds.
In practice, top limits are generally only possible in a sustained fashion on double lane freeways. Driving between towns and cities comes with a risk of hitting or crashing due to swerving to avoid wildlife.
Kangaroos have a habit of being spooked by cars and then, bewilderingly, jumping in front of them. Take extra care when driving through areas with vegetation close to the road and during dawn and dusk when wildlife is most active. Wildlife is not usually an issue in major urban areas with the exception of Canberra where a series of parks provides ample habitat for kangaroos, which often cross major roads.
Urban Australians jaywalk, dodge cars, and anticipate the sequence of lights; Australians from towns and regional cities are more likely to respect the pedestrian lights. Although most drivers will stop for a red light, running the amber light is common, so ensuring the traffic has stopped before stepping from the curb is always a good idea.
People from countries who drive on the right will take a while to get used to looking the correct way when crossing. Complete novices to right hand drive cars and left lane traffic flow will find value in visiting the local police station and picking up a free copy of the booklet used by young people who are trying to get a driving license.
It will describe many Australian situations you may not be aware of, and its good as a refresher in any case. For example, it is not legal to turn left on red or right as the case may be , which is a permitted action in many other major countries. Around overseas travellers drown in Australia each year. Most of these drownings occur at ocean beaches, where statistics put visitors at significantly higher risk than locals. Check the Beach Safety website. Beach goers should swim between the red and yellow flags which designate patrolled areas.
Beaches are not patrolled hours a day or even during all daylight hours. In most cases the local volunteer surf lifesavers or professional lifeguards are only available during certain hours, and at some beaches only on weekends, and often only during summer.
Exact times are generally shown at entrances to most beaches. If the flags aren't up, then there's no one patrolling - and you shouldn't swim. If you do choose to swim, be aware of the risks, check conditions, stay within your depth, and don't swim alone. Hard surfboards and other water craft such as surf skis, kayaks etc. How pokies hijack your brain until you don't even care about winning.
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Ministers are drawn from both the House of Representatives and the Senate, though by convention, the Prime Minister comes from the House of Representatives. The current Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, is the current leader of the national government and the Liberal-National Coalition which holds a majority in the House of Representatives.
The Queen remains the head of state, and her representative in Australia - the Governor-General - according to conventional wisdom and lampoon - has a ceremonial and politically powerless role while holding the ultimate power to dismiss the Prime Minister. In practice, the Prime Minister is believed to wield the most authority in government. A referendum to change Australia's status to a republic was defeated in , but the issue remains a regularly debated topic.
Emerging in power is the social democratic Greens Party, which maintains an environmentalist policy platform and is effectively a partner of the ALP.
It should be noted that the Liberal Party is traditionally a centre-right, conservative party - the term liberal refers to maintaining a free market economy. Australia has a multicultural population practising almost every religion and lifestyle.
Over one-quarter of Australians were born outside Australia, and another quarter have at least one foreign-born parent. Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney are centers of the multicultural. All three cities are renowned for the variety and quality of global arts, intellectual endeavors, and cuisine available in their many restaurants.
Sydney is a hub of art, culture, and history containing the world class architectural gem, the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Melbourne especially promotes itself as a centre for the arts, while Brisbane promotes itself through various multicultural urban villages.
Adelaide must be mentioned in addition, as it is known for being a centre for festivals as well as Germanic cultural influences. Perth, also, is known for its food and wine culture, pearls, gems and precious metals as well as the international fringe arts festival. There are quite a few more that deserve mention, but this gives an idea via introduction. Smaller rural settlements generally reflect a majority Anglo-Celtic culture often with a small Aboriginal population.
Virtually every large Australian city and town reflects the effect of immigration from Europe, Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific that occurred after World War II and continued into the s, in the half century after the war when Australia's population boomed from roughly 7 million to just over 20 million people. There are approximately half a million Australians who identify as being of Aboriginal descent.
Less maintain elements of traditional Aboriginal culture. Long ago during the involuntary transportation and relocation from Europe and other places, it must be noted that all records were not kept nor available to others, nor have those records that existed all survived the uses of people throughout history.
The English of Australia were once known for local colour and colloquialisms but that largely has been lost to outside influence and influx. People in rural areas still tend to speak in a broader, colloquial accent and have a different manner, using many of the slang words that have become outmoded in metropolitan areas.
Accents tend to be broader and slower outside of the large cities. There are overall small pronunciation differences based upon culture of origin in the cities, but these are becoming less common. Speech has become more generic. For example the word "you" colloquially, is often rolled off the tongue sharply on the south east coast, almost as "ewe" as opposed to the west coast and other regions.
Another modern variation based upon migrants from Africa is found in Afrikaans accents on the west coast, modifying the local accents slightly due to the larger population and numbers of Afrikaans and Boer African immigration there. Regarding other variations in speech, usually native speakers can recognise the subtle regional variations.
A trend among Australians is social conservatism compared to some European cultures and an acquired balanced attitude, defining their European origins within a preference for the growing Asian influence.
They tend to be relaxed regarding religious observance. The Australian sense of egalitarianism in its gungho form has moderated; while modes of address still tend to be casual and familiar compared to some other cultures, such as Asian. Most Australians will tend to address you by your first name and will expect that you reciprocate. Many states observe Labour Day , but on different days. Western Australia has Foundation Day typically the first Monday in June recognising the founding of the state since but also celebrates the Queen's Birthday on a different date than the rest of the country, either at the end of September or early October, due to the usual June date's close proximity to Foundation Day.
When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday and Tuesday if necessary are usually declared holidays in lieu, although both the celebrations and the retail closures will occur on the day itself.
Most tourist attractions are closed Christmas Day and Good Friday. Most attractions in Australia remain open year-round, some operating at a reduced frequency or shorter hours during the off-peak season. Salaried Australians have four weeks of annual leave and school children in the major population centres have January as a long break. Domestic tourism is strongest during January and the Easter school holidays. Summer tends to be the peak travel season through much of the south, with the winter dry season the peak travel season in the tropics.
Australian teenagers finishing high school celebrate the end of school colloquially known as "Schoolies" for a week beginning at the end of October to mid to late November depending on area. The volume of teen revellers can completely change the nature of some of the cities and towns they choose to visit, particularly the nationally popular Gold Coast especially seeing as the vast majority of school-leavers will have reached the legal drinking age of Australia can have up to five different time zones during the daylight savings period, and three at other times.
Queensland doesn't observe daylight saving, so it is an hour behind the other eastern states during that period.
In the centre, South Australia and the Northern Territory are half an hour behind during the winter, but the Northern Territory doesn't observe daylight saving while South Australia does. In the west, Western Australia is two hours behind the eastern states in winter, and also doesn't observe daylight saving. It moves three hours behind the eastern states that observe daylight saving remaining two hours behind Queensland. There are no official abbreviations or names for Australian time zones, and you may see a few variations used.
In conversation, the abbreviations aren't used. People tend to say Sydney time , Brisbane time , or Perth time. Expect blank stares from most if you start talking about Central Summer Time. In those states which observe daylight saving, it commences on the first Sunday in October and ends on the first Sunday in April. All visitors - apart from citizens of New Zealand - require a visa in advance of travel. If you are visiting for a holiday of less than three months, there are three types of visas you may apply for, depending on your nationality:.
In most cases, Electronic Travel Authorities and eVisitors are approved instantly and the visa will be issued and available for use immediately. Nationals of certain countries, such as Bulgaria and Romania and other Eastern European EU member states, are rarely issued eVisitor visa automatically and must provide additional documentation. If you are visiting Australia for employment, study or for medical treatment you will need to obtain the appropriate visa.
If you are staying longer than 3 months continuously you are ineligible for an ETA or eVisitor, and should apply for a Visitor Visa subclass For all visitor visa classes, you must be able to demonstrate your ability to support yourself financially for the time you intend to spend in Australia. If you have a criminal conviction, obtain advice from the Australian Embassy or visa processing centre. All fees are payable in Australian dollars, converted to your local currency at the current rate of exchange.
All other passengers who transit through Australia must apply for a free-of-charge Transit Visa subclass prior to travel. New Zealand citizens may travel to and work in Australia for any length of time without a pre-arranged visa. Non-citizen permanent residents of New Zealand are not eligible for visa-free entry. New Zealand citizens may still be rejected entry on the basis of criminal convictions or being HIV-positive and should seek advice before travel.
Australia has strict quarantine requirements regarding importing animal and vegetable derived products any food, wooden products, seeds, etc. You must declare all such material and baggage is frequently scanned and may be examined by dogs.
Processed and sealed commercially prepared foods chocolates, cookies, etc are often permitted. They will be examined and returned to you, but still must be declared. Some prohibited items can be treated by quarantine at your expense and picked up at a later time. Some shells, coral and items made from a protected species are also prohibited to discourage the trade in items that may originate from a threatened ecosystem or species.
While there are no restrictions on the amount of money that can be brought in or out, Australian customs also requires you to declare if you are bringing AUD10, or equivalent in foreign currency or more in or out of the country and you will be asked to complete some paperwork. Australia is a long way from anywhere else in the world, so for most visitors, the only practical way of getting into Australia is by air. After Sydney, significant numbers of travellers also arrive in Australia in Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth.
On account of long journey times from some destinations, some travellers from Europe opt to have a stop-over, commonly in Singapore, Hong Kong, Dubai , Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur. If you have to change to a domestic flight in a gateway city, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth all have distinct domestic terminals, requiring some time and complexity to transit, check the guides.
Melbourne, Adelaide, Darwin, Cairns and the Gold Coast have all gates in the one terminal building or within easy walking distance of each other. There are some routes into Australia that are operated by discount airlines. These can often be combined with other fares to make getting to Australia cheaper. Select your point of entry and exit to give you a cheaper round-trip, and possibly some interesting stopover opportunities on the way. November to February is the cruising season, and there are usually about 10 ships that arrive in Australia from other countries during this time.
You can cruise to Australia, and then fly home. Alternatively, you may sail to Australia in your own yacht, but beware of customs regulations. See Australian Customs for details. There was a time when a couple of tour operators offered overland trips from London to Sydney, with only a short hop by air from South East Asia to North Western Australia while the bus went by barge.
Currently, the only such tour operator is Madventure which runs 4 different routes: For the truly determined overland traveller, you can get a ferry from Singapore to Indonesia and make your way across to Bali, where you can fly to Darwin 2, flight km.
For the intrepid, ferries to West Timor, a bus to Dili and a flight to Darwin will mean only km in the air. Australia is huge but sparsely populated, and you can sometimes travel many hours before finding the next trace of civilisation, especially once you leave the south-eastern coastal fringe. You can locate most things on an Australian map or street directory if you just have the "GPS coordinates".
There are restrictions on carrying fruit and vegetables including honey between states and even between regions of states that are involved in fruit growing. If you are driving long distances or interstate, or flying between states, don't stock up on fruits and vegetables. These restrictions are enforced very strictly at airports and sea ports and it is not very uncommon to see sniffer dogs trained to find these goods.
Australia has a generally well-maintained system of roads and highways, and cars are a commonly used method of transport. Most of the state capitals are linked to each other by good quality highways. Some parts are dual carriageway but many sections are one lane each way. Major regional areas have sealed paved dual-lane roads, but isolated areas may have poorly maintained dirt roads or even tracks. Distances and speeds are specified in kilometres and fuel is sold by the litre.
There are no tolls on roads or bridges outside of the urban areas of Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Australia drives on the left. Overseas visitors who are used to driving on the right should take care when they first drive, and again when they are driving on country roads with little traffic.
One major frustration for visitors is that many Australian vehicles reverse all controls when they are redesigned to mount the driver's controls on the right front seat, including the levers on the steering column. This causes newly arrived visitors to inadvertently operate the windscreen wipers when they are trying to signal a lane change or turn on headlights, and vice versa. Generally, overseas licenses are valid for driving in Australia for three months after arrival.
Licensing regulations and road rules vary slightly from state to state. Australia's low population density and large size makes for long driving times between major centres. Some indicative travel times, not including any rest periods, are:. It is almost impossible to predict your travel time just by knowing the distance. Seek local advice for the best route, and how much time to allow. While major highways are well serviced, anyone leaving sealed paved roads in inland Australia is advised to take advice from local authorities, check weather and road conditions, carry sufficient spare fuel, spare parts, spare tyres, matches, food and water.
Some remote roads might see one car per month or less. Cellular coverage is non-existent outside of major highways and towns and you should take some precautions in case of emergency.
It is a good idea to advise a person you know and trust of your route and advise them to alert authorities if you do not contact them within a reasonable amount of time after your scheduled arrival at your destination. Carrying a Personal Locator Beacon PLB or satellite phone should be considered when travelling in remote areas, especially where you may not be able to make contact for several days.
Police will not automatically start looking for you if you don't report in. Make sure you get one with a GPS built in. These can be borrowed from some local police stations, such as those in the Blue Mountains in New South Wales.
If you want to hire one, sort it out before you leave a major city, as you won't find hire places in small towns. Don't expect an immediate rescue even if you trigger a PLB. Heat and dehydration at any time of year can kill you. If stranded, stay with your vehicle and do what you can to improve your visibility from the air. Do not take this advice lightly; even local people die out there when their car breaks down and they are not reported missing.
If you do have to abandon your car say you break down and then get a lift , call in quickly to the local police station, to avoid the embarrassment and cost of a search being started for you.
Major cities around Australia have multiple outlets providing a wide range of rental vehicles from major international rental companies. In smaller towns car rental can be difficult to find. One way fees often apply from smaller regional outlets. Contractual restrictions Conditions upon the use of rental vehicles usually exist on travelling into or out of Western Australia and the Northern Territory or on the car ferries to Tasmania, Kangaroo Island and Fraser Island.
Rental cars in capital cities usually have unlimited mileage. In small towns they usually only include km a day before a surcharge is applied.
Always ensure you thoroughly check the vehicle for any damage, including all window glass and the roof panels, and document any found in detail with the renter before leaving the depot. Check the contract conditions carefully if you are under 25 and also check that your licence class matches the vehicle you wish to rent before you book it. Catering to the vast number of young European and American backpackers traversing the country are several low-budget car rental companies which rent cars and campers of varying quality.
Check the extra charges very carefully and make sure that you don't end up paying the same or more for a lesser quality vehicle. The very cheapest cars you can hire can be manual stick-shift. Anything larger will usually be automatic. There is a substantial second hand market in cars and campers for backpackers wishing to do extended road trips around Australia. Take common sense precautions if purchasing a car. Free state government services are available to ensure it is unencumbered by a finance arrangement and that it has not been previously written off as a result of an accident.
Due to the large distances involved, flying is well-patronised in Australia. Services along the main business travel corridor Melbourne-Sydney-Brisbane are run almost like a bus service, with flights leaving every 15min during the day. The only way to get the best airfare is to visit each of the airlines pages directly, and compare fares. Never assume that the Qantas fare will be more expensive, as their online deals are often the cheapest available on a route.
The best fares are always available on the most competitive routes. Consolidator websites and travel agents almost invariably add a surcharge to the direct booking price. Use them to compare, but always check the airline website before booking. There are four domestic airlines in Australia that operate jet aircraft linking capital cities and major destinations:. Several airlines service regional destinations. Expect discounts on these airlines to be harder to come by, and for standard airfares to be above what you would pay for the same distance between major centres.
Visitors from countries with well-developed long distance rail systems such as Europe and Japan may be surprised by the lack of high-speed, inter-city rail services in Australia. A historical lack of cooperation between the states, combined with sheer distances and a relatively small population to service, have left Australia with a national rail network that is relatively slow and used mainly for freight. As a result, travel between major cities will not only be faster by air, but often cheaper as well.
Train travel between cities is, however, more scenic, and tourists are likely to see more of Australia travelling by train than they would otherwise see, as well as cutting down on their carbon footprint.
It is also often a cost effective way of getting to regional towns and cities, which don't have the frequent and cheap flights found between the capital cities. The long-distance rail services that do exist are mainly used to link regional townships with the state capital, such as Bendigo to Melbourne, or Cairns to Brisbane. There are also inter-city train services operated by Great Southern Railways on the routes Melbourne- Adelaide The Overland , Sydney-Adelaide- Perth Indian Pacific , Adelaide-Alice Springs-Darwin The Ghan however as noted above, these are not "high speed" services, so if you do not enjoy train travel as part of your holiday in its own right then this is probably not for you.
Tasmania has no passenger rail services. The Northern Territory has the rail line linking Darwin to Adelaide through Alice Springs only, and the Australian Capital Territory has only a single railway station close to the centre of Canberra.
There is no pass that includes all train travel throughout Australia. However, if you are a train buff that intends travelling extensively by rail, there are some passes that may save you money. Plan your trip carefully before investing in a rail pass. Country train services are infrequent and can arrive at regional destinations at unsociable hours.
Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Wollongong and Newcastle have train and bus services integrated into the city public transport, with trams also running in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and the Gold Coast and ferries in Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Newcastle.
The remaining capital cities have bus services only. See those city guides articles for public transport details. Sydney has a subway system known as Sydney Metro that is currently under construction. Some regional cities and towns have local bus services, but see the destination guides for service information, as frequency can be poor and weekend and evening services non-existent.
Some trains allow you to carry your car with you on special car carriages attached to the back of the train. You cannot remove your car at any of the intermediate stations.
Bus travel in Australia is cheap and convenient, although the distances involved can be daunting. Greyhound has the largest bus route network. Many major Australian cities have ferries as part of their public transport system. Some smaller roads in the regional areas still have punts to carry cars across rivers and canals. The islands of the Barrier Reef have some scheduled services, and there are a few cruises that cross the top of Australia as well.
It is legal to hitchhike in some states in Australia, so long as certain guidelines are followed. However, it is less commonly done than in neighbouring New Zealand. In Australia hitchhiking is often frowned upon by locals and police, especially in metropolitan areas.
Hitch hiking is illegal in Victoria and Queensland. It is also illegal to stand on the verge or walk along freeways often called "motorways" in New South Wales in all states effectively making hitchhiking illegal in many practical places, in all states. If forced to hitchhike due to an emergency you may find a motorist willing to take you to the nearest town to obtain help. Some major inter-city highways and freeways have telephones to request help.
It's most common to see a tourist hitching in rural areas. The best time to hitchhike is early morning. The best location is near, but not on, the main exit from the town you are in. Cycling the long distances between towns is not particularly common, and most long distance highways in Australia have poorly developed facilities for cyclists.
Nevertheless some intrepid travellers do manage to cover the longer distances by bicycle, and have a different experience of Australia. Trips and routes need careful planning to ensure the correct supplies are carried.
To cycle between Sydney and Brisbane you would have to allow weeks with around km per day. There is much to see in Australia that you can't see easily in its natural setting anywhere else:. Australian flora and fauna is unique to the island, the result of having been isolated from the rest of the world for millions of years.
Amongst Australian animals are a large group of marsupials mammals with a pouch and monotremes mammals that lay eggs. Just some of the animal icons of Australia are the kangaroo national symbol and the koala. A visit to Australia would not be complete without taking the chance to see some of these animals in their natural environment. Australia has many landmarks, famous the world over. See some of the Big things in Australia.
Sport is an integral part of the Australian culture from the capital cities to country towns. The majority of games are played over the weekend period from Friday night to Monday night.
It has been said that if there are two flies crawling up a wall, then you just need to look around to find the Aussie who will be running a book. Gambling is illegal for under's.
This can often restrict entry to parts of pubs, clubs, and casinos for children. Expect everyone you interact with in Australia to be able to speak English, whether it is their first language or not. Locals and more recent arrivals of all ages and backgrounds are expected to and usually do speak at least basic English, as well as the majority of tourists. As Australia is a multicultural society, you will notice the presence of many other languages and accents.
Australians who were born in Australia or immigrated as children will speak English with the Australian accent. Australians who immigrated to Australia as adults generally will not have the Australian accent. The Australian accent has very little if not any geographic variation; although Australians sometimes have their own theories about geographical accents; for example Adelaide, Melbourne and North Queensland "accents". In reality however, the Broad, General and Cultivated Australian accents which linguists accept all exist, can be found anywhere in Australia.
Anywhere in the country you will find some people speak slower with broader accents and use more slang; often associated with regional areas, whilst many more Australians will have the General Australian accent; often associated with major urban areas, or the less common Cultivated accent: Australia is traditionally a land of immigrants, plus there are many people from all over the world working or studying in Australia, plus many tourists from overaeas.
Because of this, Australians are very used to speaking with others whos first language is not English or who are not used to hearing the Australian accent. They will speak slower and clearer with you and avoid any local vocabulary.
It is also worth noting many Australians of non-English speaking family backgrounds will generally always prefer to speak English with people outside their family. Even if they speak your language fluently at home or grew up with that language inside their home they will often pretend they cannot speak it with a visitor from that country.
Australian slang should not present a problem for tourists except possibly in some isolated outback areas. A few words and euphemisms that are considered offensive elsewhere are common vernacular in Australian speech. Fanny, as in the UK, means vagina and is not used widely.
The word "thong" generally refers to flip-flops in Australia, and not necessarily a G-string as it does in most other places. Still, Australians are familiar enough with the differences to know what you mean, but they may still have a laugh at your expense. Visitors who do not speak basic English will find communicating with Australians difficult, and should do some advance planning. There are some tour companies who specialise in offering package deals for Australian tours complete with guides who speak particular languages.
There are over a hundred Aboriginal languages still known and spoken by Aboriginal people. These languages are all different, and you won't see an Aboriginal phrasebook in the travel bookshops. Many Aboriginal place names derive from Aboriginal languages that have been lost, and their meanings remain uncertain. Aboriginal people living in rural Aboriginal communities continue to speak their respective languages.
The Torres Strait Islander people, who originate from a group of islands in northern Queensland near Papua New Guinea also continue to speak their own languages. Almost all Aboriginal people speak English as well, although some elders may not be fluent. When interpreters are present for public events, they will use Auslan. Users of BSL or NZSL may be able to understand Auslan; the languages share a significant amount of vocabulary and syntax, plus the same two-handed manual alphabet.
Much of the vocabulary and syntax are different, and those languages use a one-handed manual alphabet. There are cents in every dollar.
No other currency is officially accepted for transactions in Australia. Although it was not unusual to find some of the older New Zealand coins in your change from time to time, it is now practically unheard of since New Zealand completely overhauled and resized its coinage. It no longer matches the size of Australian coins. The Australian coins are large and heavy relative to their value. For example, the Australian ten cent coin is the size of a US 25 cent coin and the Australian fifty cent coin is among the largest circulating coins anywhere in the world by size.
Australian notes are produced in plastic polymer rather than paper. If the total of a transaction is not a multiple of 5 cents the amount will be rounded to the nearest five cents if you are paying in cash. The exact amount will be charged if paying by card. Old paper notes or bronze 1c and 2c coins will be exchanged at a bank but will be difficult at shops.
The dollar is not pegged to any other currency, and is highly traded on world foreign exchange markets, particularly by currency speculators. Money changers in Australia operate in a free market, and charge a range of flat commissions, percentage fees, undisclosed fees built into the exchange rate, and a combination of all three. Generally the best bet is to avoid airports and tourist centres when changing money, and use banks in major centres.
Expect fees to vary considerably between institutions. Always get a quote before changing money. Australian ATMs are deregulated and may impose a surcharge over what is charged by your bank or card issuer. The ATM will display the charges and you will have the option to stop the transaction before you are charged. Check with your bank as to what additional fees they apply to withdrawals in Australia. Dedicated currency exchange outlets are widely available in major cities, and banks can also exchange most non-restricted currencies.
Australian banks usually offer an exchange rate around 2. Some outlets advertise commission free exchange, usually accompanied by a worse rate of exchange. Don't assume every bank will offer the same exchange. A simple calculation will let you know what offers the best deal for amount you wish to exchange.
There are vouchers for commission free exchange at American Express available in the tourist brochure at Sydney Airport. Credit cards are widely accepted in Australia. Almost all large vendors such as supermarkets accept cards, as do many, but not all, small stores. Any card showing the Cirrus or Maestro logos can be used at any terminal displaying those logos. American Express and Diners Club are accepted at major supermarket and department store chains and many tourist destinations.
JCB is only accepted at very limited tourist destinations. Discover is never accepted for internet-based payments, but if your card also carries the Diners Club logo, it will work at any physical store that accepts Diners Club.
The big advantage here is you can bring Australian cash acquired at home through proper exchange channels and turn it into plastic with no exchange fees and minimal service charges without need for exchanging currency at the airport or carrying large amounts of cash everywhere. Excellent for security and you can get two cards with different numbers drawing from the same loaded money, allowing any two people to share a card on the same account.
Other prepaid Australian dollar stored value cards bearing MasterCard or Visa emblems are available at larger post offices or grocery stores. Read terms and conditions closely, some can refund unused balances but only to an Australian bank account. Others you just have to spend it all in Australia or abroad. Be careful using these cards for car hire. Agencies generally accept only cards with raised print for car hires and the name of the renter on it prepaids do not have this.
Even if you hire the car with a foreign card but settle the bill on return with a prepaid they often will not accept it, even with the other card as a backup. You will have to settle using the foreign card most of the time. Sometimes they don't pay attention and you get away with it but don't plan on it. Credit card surcharges are imposed at all car rental agencies, travel agents, airlines, and at some discount retailers and service stations.
Bottled water isn't much cheaper. You can make yourself feel better about it by buying brands that are not available in foreign countries, such as the delicious Kirk's Dry Ginger Ale.
Some American brands are not available. A train trip on the state run trains will usually cost slightly less. A bus trip, a little less again. A train trip on the private trains will be the most expensive way to travel.
There is usually no admission charge to beaches or city parks. Art Galleries and some attractions are free. Because of Australia's high wages and taxes compared to other countries such the USA, you will find prices of things involving service such as restaurants especially high by comparison.
A rule of thumb is the restaurants will cost close to double what you would expect of the same thing in the USA, and that holds for beverages also. Bargaining is uncommon in Australian stores, though vendors are usually willing to meet or beat a quote or advertised price from a competing retailer.
It's also worth asking for a "best price" for high-value goods or purchases involving several items. The person you are dealing with may have limited authority to sell items at anything other than the marked price. Tipping is never compulsory and is usually not expected in Australia. Staff are seen to be paid an appropriate wage and will certainly not chase you down for a tip. It is acceptable to pay the amount stated on the bill. When Australians do tip, it will often be in the form of leaving the change from a cash payment usually as a convenience so the change does not hang around loose on someone's person - not as a gratuity , rather than a fixed percentage.
In a cafe or more informal restaurant, even with table service, and even in tourist centres, leaving a tip is unusual. Sometimes there is a coin jar by the cashier labelled 'Tips', but more often than not, diners do not leave one.
Tipping is also not expected in taxis, and drivers will typically return your change to the last 5 cents, unless you indicate that they should round the fare to the nearest dollar it is not unusual for passengers to instruct the driver to round up to the next whole dollar. Shops usually have a single night of late night trading, staying open until 9PM on Fridays in most cities and on Thursdays in Brisbane and Sydney.
Sunday trading is common but does not exist in all rural areas. Opening hours beyond these base hours vary by the type of store, by location, and by state. The polling showed 40 per cent of people wanted to see poker machines removed, while a further 41 per cent wanted a reduction in the number of machines.
The Government did acknowledge that problem gambling was an issue for some people but said it would be introducing a public interest test for new venues requesting poker machines. First posted September 26, More stories from Tasmania.
If you have inside knowledge of a topic in the news, contact the ABC. ABC teams share the story behind the story and insights into the making of digital, TV and radio content. Read about our editorial guiding principles and the enforceable standard our journalists follow. The murky and confusing world of political favours means George Brandis' new London gig isn't as safe as it used to be. The major parties face a huge dilemma in how to tackle Nick Xenophon's popularity, but his fledgling party has problems of its own.
For many Hindu and Sikh women who've experienced domestic violence in the last decade, their suffering has ended only with death. These are their stories. Australia's pokies king reflects on 70 years in the business. Federal Group wants casino tax cut in return for giving up pub pokies.
Pulling pokies from pubs, clubs would see money flow in: New poll shows "Premier's electorate wants change in policy" on pokies Government to introduce a public interest test for new poker machine venues Tasmanian Hospitality Assoc. Karyn is currently getting help for a gambling addiction.
Free Wi-Fi was great. Posted by reviewer Cyndyc Meals available at rotating restaurant , bistro, buffet, cafes etc. Bars and gaming and entertainment to choose from. Everything you want and the friendly service wherever I went.
Looking forward to returning. So with the above in mind It is little wonder Wrest Point Tasmania radiates comfort, tradition and excitement. With an absolute waterfront location, Wrest Point hotel remains the premier choice for Hobart accommodation, dining and first-class entertainment. Here, we believe everyone should feel special. Through our revolving door, a world of entertainment awaits. Click here for more of 'Our Story'. Our expansive waterfront property offers varying accommodation options including our iconic tower with mountain and or water views,….
Located on the absolute waterfront of Sandy Bay, Wrest Point is a premium choice for gaming, accommodation, dining and entertainment in Hobart.
Wrest Point Casino offers relaxed gaming areas, plenty of free parking and quality dining, making it a superb choice for playing the pokies in Tassie.
Wrest Point offers all the latest and most popular electronic gaming machines, with bets ranging from one cent to one dollar per spin. Many of the pokie machines are linked to a progressive jackpot network, holding jackpot potential that runs well into the tens of thousands of dollars.
Regular players can join the Federal Rewards Club loyalty program to take advantage of special promotions. The resort offers a room hotel, hole golf club and several bars and restaurants. Pokies lovers have plenty of choice at the Country Club Casino, with over electronic gaming machines spread out over two separate gaming floors. Sorry to hear your disappointment on returning to your room.
We generally only service rooms as requested by the guest, however would like to give our apologies for not communicating this to you upon check We didn't stay here but we had meals here on a couple of days and found them to be very good. I can recommend the workers burger. The hotel is very old and had only be reopened for 3 months when we were there. Our works burger is popular! Glad you enjoyed your meals in our lovely old pub.
Prices are provided by our partners, and reflect average nightly room rates, including taxes and fees that are fixed, known to our partners, and due at time of booking.
Other miscellaneous taxes and hotel fees which are not fixed or due at time of booking may be payable at the property at time of stay. Please see our partners for more details. Star rating provided by Expedia. Rooms 31 Dec 1 Jan. Sorry, this partner no longer has rooms available on TripAdvisor.
Historian and anti-pokies campaigner James Boyce, who authored a book looking at the introduction on poker machines in Tasmania, said Labor's policy was "an historic moment for the nation". Mr Boyce said the debate over pokies would play a big part in the lead up to next year's state election.
First posted December 14, More stories from Tasmania. If you have inside knowledge of a topic in the news, contact the ABC. ABC teams share the story behind the story and insights into the making of digital, TV and radio content.
Read about our editorial guiding principles and the enforceable standard our journalists follow. The murky and confusing world of political favours means George Brandis' new London gig isn't as safe as it used to be. The major parties face a huge dilemma in how to tackle Nick Xenophon's popularity, but his fledgling party has problems of its own. For many Hindu and Sikh women who've experienced domestic violence in the last decade, their suffering has ended only with death.
These are their stories. By Georgie Burgess and staff. Jocelyn Berechree manages three hotels, including the Brighton Hotel. Pokies out of Tasmanian pubs, clubs by under Labor promise. Gaming report urges reduction in pokies, reassessment of Federal Group deal.
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